Rus Articles Journal

That mothers need to know about an allergy at children of

the Allergy - global the physician - a social problem. Its prevalence around the world grows every year, and approximately each 10 years doubles, at every third person on Earth these or those forms of an allergy are noted.

If such tendency, then by 2015, according to WHO data remains, a half of inhabitants of the European continent will have an allergy in this or that form. Menacing there is a situation with incidence of children. Approximately every fourth - the fifth child suffers from allergic manifestations. In Russia today from 20 to 30% of children about one year are subject to an allergy. And children in whose families allergy cases were already recorded get to group of the increased risk. So, if one of parents had an allergy, the risk of its development in the child reaches 37% if both were ill, the probability of inheritance of an allergy increases up to 62%.

the Term “allergy“ for the first time was offered by the famous Austrian doctor of Clement Pirquet (1874 - 1929) at the beginning of XIX in for designation of unusual reaction of an organism to influence of various factors of external environment. Its contents changed in process of development of medical science and accumulation of new knowledge. Now understand the condition of hypersensibility of an organism to certain substances arising in response to repeated contact with them and mediated by changes of immune system as an allergy.

the Factors promoting development of an allergy are hereditary predisposition, adverse influence of environment, feature of food of mother during pregnancy, breastfeeding and food at children`s age, diseases zheludochno - an intestinal path, frustration psycho - the emotional sphere.

Most often children of early age suffer from

from food allergens, especially from protein of cow`s milk. Further, at introduction of a feeding up and expansion of a diet, other food allergens, and also household and epidermalny are connected (house dust, a feather and down of pillows, hair of animals), also pollen allergens have not smaller value.

bronchial asthma, allergic rhinitis, pollinoz belong To the allergic diseases arising under the influence of allergens of external environment (hay fever), the allergic small tortoiseshell and Quincke, atopic dermatitis, anaphylactic shock swelled, the serumal illness, exogenous allergic alveolit, contact allergic dermatitis. Allergens during the different age periods can be different, also displays of an allergy change. Children have a so-called “atopic march“, that is transition of various forms of an allergy from one in another is characteristic of them. If children of early age are subject to skin manifestations (atopic dermatitis), then at more advanced age pathologies of respiratory system - allergic rhinitis and bronchial asthma are more often diagnosed.

the Sharp small tortoiseshell Quincke also swelled. the Small tortoiseshell is characterized by the itching rashes on all body reminding mosquito stings or reaction to “burn“ a nettle. Blisters quickly arise and also quickly pass. These are reactions of vessels of skin. The small tortoiseshell often shows a food and medicinal allergy. Can accompany the small tortoiseshell Quincke - a disease at which lips, cheeks, ears quickly swell swelled. At hypostasis of language and vitreous hypostasis of a throat at the child the voice changes (speaks hoarsely), it is difficult for it to swallow. Mechanisms of their development often same. It should be noted that in many cases the small tortoiseshell can be not allergic and be a symptom of the most different diseases.

of Pollinoza (hay fever, allergic rhinitis). At the kids having this disease, during blossoming of plants the swelled up a little, inflamed, watering eyes, the swelled-up nose, a snuffling voice. They constantly sneeze, from a nose plentiful watery allocations flow. The nose is bunged up and itches, from - for it it becomes difficult to breathe.

Atopic dermatitis. the Itching rashes develop on face skin, trunks, extremities. The child becomes uneasy, whimsical. Without adequate treatment rash long does not pass. Skin becomes dry and rough, is shelled. The large role in development of atopic dermatitis is played by food allergy, and also an infection. Skin and a mucous membrane of intestines are colonized by bacteria, pathogenic for an organism, and drozhzhepodobny mushrooms, the intestinal dysbiosis is formed that strengthens displays of dermatitis. It is necessary to emphasize that atopic dermatitis not simply local skin disease, but suffering of all organism.

Recently in the general structure of allergic diseases the increasing place is taken by atopic dermatitis. According to data of official statistics in Russia this disease is diagnosed for 1290 people on 100 thousand of surveyed population that by 2 - 3 times exceeds indicators of 1970 - 1980.

Allergy to drugs. the Medicinal allergy is connected with side effect of drugs. Any preparation can act as allergen. The most often allergic reactions cause antibiotics of a penicillinic row, sulfanylamides, local anesthetics (novocaine), polyvitamins.

Bronchial asthma is a disease at which allergic reactions arise on a mucous membrane of bronchial tubes. Dry painful cough, the whistling noisy breath can be initial displays of asthma. When progressing a disease short wind, asthma attacks develop. The major role in development of asthma is played by household and epidermalny allergens. At many patients so-called nonspecific hyperreactivity of bronchial tubes when for emergence of an exacerbation of a disease contact with allergen is not necessary any more develops over time, and happens rather small physical activity, psychoemotional loading or sharp change of temperature. The heaviest display of bronchial asthma - the asthmatic status - can even lead to a lethal outcome.

of Complication of allergic diseases

of Complication of the small tortoiseshell: myocarditis, glomerulonefrit. Vitreous hypostasis of a throat which can lead to heavy asphyxia (asthma) is especially dangerous. Ignoring of the small tortoiseshell in hope that the allergy will hold on not for long, unfairly as it (urticaria) is the first signal of anaphylactic shock.

the Medicinal allergy can be shown by damage of skin and internals (a liver, kidneys, respiratory system, etc.) . At development of the anaphylactic shock which is shown lowering of arterial pressure and violation of consciousness the death is possible.

is also Very important to be known that at patients with atopic dermatitis, especially for the first time appeared in the childhood and remained after puberty, the risk of development of other allergic diseases is big, including the heaviest of them - bronchial asthma. It is considered that this risk reaches 25% and even more. Other allergic disease which is often accompanying atopic dermatitis - allergic rhinitis which promotes formation of sharp and chronic diseases of the top airways and an ear. If in the childhood dermatitis (the first stage is called eksudativno - catarrhal diathesis) not to treat, then the probability that the disease is transformed over the years to the following stage - neurodermatitis is high. Or will serve as a background for accession of other allergic diseases, such as asthmatic bronchitis, bronchial asthma, pollinoz, etc.

predisposition to development of bronchial asthma are indicated by presence of allergic rhinitis, conjunctivitis, dermatitis, and also allergic diseases at relatives (rhinitis, conjunctivitis, eczema, bronchial asthma).

Prevention and simplification of displays of allergic diseases

Gentle skin of kids needs special leaving since it is several times thinner than the adult`s skin. Contact with diapers and diapers often causes irritations, and regular bathings promote that skin of the child becomes to the land. Therefore it is necessary to pay special attention to hygiene of the child.

That skin of the kid was healthy, dry and pure, it is necessary to look after the child competently. It is easier to prevent any irritation, than to treat. Therefore very important it is also necessary to carry out regularly hygienic procedures, and also to use the special means helping to keep children`s skin clean and comfort.

are most often used by

For care of skin of the child:


Choosing cosmetics, buy that which is created for kids from the first days of life. There is a special cosmetic series which suits the least kids inclined to an allergy is production “Big-eared nurses“. The most demanded products which will help mother to look after skin and the child`s hair from the moment of his birth and throughout the entire period of a growing entered a series. Each of means of this series possesses the directed action, and in a complex they supplement and strengthen each other. The creams, shampoos clearing napkins of means for washing of linen of the smallest are created on the basis of modern compoundings with use of the natural components traditional for children`s cosmetics: oils of a calendula, oil of a peach, natural an alpha - a bisabolola, extracts of a train, melon, peach, grapefruit, etc. ROSNIITO of R. R. Vreden is confirmed to Gipoallergennost of all products of the Big-eared Nurses collection (St. Petersburg).

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