Autumn bulbous in a garden
there comes the season of blossoming, the second for the importance, bulbous, after spring in the Fall. Gentle and refined, osennetsvetushchy bulbous middle latitudes are added by fresh and cool shades to traditional is yellow - crimson autumn scale of our gardens and have special success in insects - pollinators
the Majority autumn bulbous come from the Mediterranean region, Southern Europe, east Asia and South Africa. Unfortunately, not all from them is enough cold-resistant for an open ground of colder latitudes. In colder regions it is recommended to grow up osennetsvetushchy bulbous at the southern warm walls of structures with winter shelter or in pots which can be cleaned for the winter to the cool room.
the Most famous autumn favourite - kolkhikum (Colchicum), or an autumn autumn crocus. Some by mistake consider autumn crocuses as osennetsvetushchy crocuses. Actually, two of these sorts have among themselves a little general and even belong to different families. Kolkhikuma - extremely poisonous plants, all (!) their parts demand the careful address. Flowers of autumn crocuses bear six stamens whereas flowers of crocuses - only three. One more difference consists that autumn crocuses usually belong to blue color scale, and autumn crocuses - to pink.
Landed by groups under trees and bushes, autumn crocuses create magnificent bright and saturated color spots in the garden which became empty in the fall. Scyphoid flowers of autumn crocuses on naked okolotsvetnik well look under trees, bushes, near water, in the rock aria and other zones of a natural garden. As well as many other bulbous, autumn autumn crocuses perfectly give in to naturalization. Among the most popular versions there is a kolkhikuma in culture: C. Agrippa (C. x agrippinum), To. broad-leaved (C. latifolium), To. Byzantine (C. x byzantinum), To. kilikiyskiya (C. cilicicum), To. motley (C. variegatum), and also To. autumn (C. autumnale) and To. magnificent (C. speciosum) from which there were numerous garden forms and hybrids of a plant. Winter hardiness of kolkhikum - from a climatic zone 4.features of vegetation of a kolkhikum are Very curious
. In the summer the bulb of an autumn autumn crocus “sleeps“ underground, without giving any signs of life. At this time it gains strength, and in it future flower is formed. In the fall the bulb takes root, and from - under lands there is direct leafless “stalk“ of 10 - 20 cm in height (actually it is an okolotsvetnik), on which the charming flower blossoms. After the end of blossoming of an autumn autumn crocus, the land part dies off and the plant disappears from the face of the earth again. However rather annual cycle of vegetation of a kolkhikum will come to the end only in the spring when the plant lets grow a stalk with wide remnevidny leaves. On the end of a stalk there is an education which on ignorance can be taken for a bud. Actually it is the seed box consisting of three offices. Seeds in a testicle, having spent the whole winter underground, appear in the spring on a surface to ripen on the warm sun. By the end of spring - to the beginning of summer process of ripening of seeds comes to the end, the box dries up and opens, releasing seeds. In culture it is recommended to delete testicles to exclude self-sowing of a plant, the sprouted seeds will blossom only in 5 - 7 years. The dried stalk and leaves disappear, and all plant comes back to a rest phase again till September.
One more undoubted decoration of an autumn garden - cold-resistant cyclamens (Cyclamen). Cyclamens belong to family pervotsvetny, but are traditionally described together with bulbous. It is better to grow up osennetsvetushchy cyclamens on dry solar or semi-shady places. The soil has to be water-permeable and rich with a humus and sheet humus. The most known autumn look - C. plyushchelistny, or Neapolitan (C. hederifolium, or Page. neapolitanum), called so for a form and a color of the leaves bearing to an ivy a strong resemblance. C. Neapolitan (frost resistance - from a zone 5) perfectly is suitable for gardening of the droughty problem zones of a garden located both in a penumbra and on the sun. The matter is that in the summer of its bulb demand contents in dryness and heat, and autumn moisture is necessary for it to start seasonal vegetation and blossoming. Deserves attention of gardeners of C. reddening, or European (C. purpurascens, or C. europaeum), being the most fragrant of all autumn cyclamens. This cyclamen differs as well in the most long period of blossoming - since the end of summer until the end of fall.
osennetsvetushchy kinds of spring bulbous, habitual for us, interesting and unusually look:
- snowdrops (Galanthus reginae - olgae)
- belotsvetnik (Leucojum autumnale)
- crocuses (Crocus speciosus, C. banaticus, C. nudiflorus, C. goulimyi, C. longiflorus, S. of zonatus, S. sativus - the famous supplier of a saffron, etc.)
- of a stsill (Scilla autumnalis)
- narcissuses (Narcissus serotinus, N. elegans ssp., N. broussonetti). Osennetsvetushchy narcissuses come from Cyprus, from Turkey and Morocco, they are very thermophilic and demand cultivation in a hotbed and storages indoors in the winter.
for Europeans to a liriopa from family lileyny and likoris from family of amarillisovy.
to Liriopa (Liriope), or the peat lily comes from east Asia. The extended, kolosovidny inflorescences of a plant are located on long slightly curved stalks which tower over a set of thin narrow leaves. The plant is reconciled with penumbral or even completely shadow arrangement. L. muskarividny (L. muscari) is justified by the name: plant inflorescences in a form and color remind spring muskar. To Liriopa of a muskara very valuable plant: it holodostoyko (from a zone 5) also adds rare lilac color to autumn scale of a garden. Grades are known: Big Blue, Okina and kind of Variegata. Type of L. peaked (L. spicata) - even more holodostoyko (from a zone 4), a color of flowers - from white to gently - violet.
Likoris (Lycoris), or the paukovy lily which revived a lily comes from China and Japan. The look, most popular in the European gardens, - L. scaly (L. squamigera) which winter hardiness begins from a zone 5. This charming plant with large lilovo - pink flowers in the form of a bell which core is painted in soft yellow color. Also L. albiflora of a white color, L. aurea - golden are used and L. radiata - it is bright - red, with wavy petals and long stamens. It is necessary to land likorisa on the warm solar place, then their autumn blossoming will be much more magnificent.Read to
also our article about exotic osennetsvetushchy bulbous which in cold regions can be grown up successfully in pots on a terrace of a country house or at a window of the city apartment