Ludomaniya. Irrepressible thirst of passion
Since the birth our existence games and game spaces, whether it be a children`s sandbox, stadium, a chessboard, a billiard table, gaming machines, the computer etc.accompany
Johan Heyzinga (1872 - 1945) is the Netherlands historian and the philosopher - saw a basis of culture in “game“ as the highest manifestation of human essence. The view of our life through a prism of its well-known “Homo Ludens“ assumes that all of us not only the audience, but also participants of the most various game situations, constantly try on these or those roles.
Oh these Russians!
in far times many foreigners coming to Russia noted passion to passion as peculiar Russian feature.“ At French are amused saloon games, have cheerfully supper, sing some vaudevilles which are not forgotten yet; at British have dinner at five o`clock, drink punch, speak about trade; Italians play music, dance, laugh, gesticulate, their conversation rotates around performances and arts; at Germans talk about sciences, smoke, argue, eat much, very much try to do each other compliments; mix of all possible customs, and most often - gambling occurs at Russians: it is soul all of them meetings and pleasures, but it does not exclude any of other entertainments“, - such research of national characters was undertaken by Sh. Masson living at the Ekaterina`s and Pavlovsk yards.
With opinion that gambling - soul of the Russian pleasures, it is necessary to agree. Many famous Russians were the real players. Had a reputation for the night gambler and the day billiards player columns K. Razumovsky, with enthusiasm played chess the famous Ekaterina`s favourite G. A. Potyomkin.
I. S. Turgenev whom friends called “the knight of an elephant“ was a frequenter of the famous chess clubs of Paris and Rome. The fabulist I. A. Krylov and the historian N. M. Karamzin played with passion cards; the commander A. V. Suvorov and the seafarer I. F. Krusenstern were inveterate chess players; fans of checkers - G. R. Derzhavin and V. G. Belinsky; M. V. Lomonosov and G. G battled on billiards. Eagles. The list can be continued and continued.
Hunting in Russia, undoubtedly, was one more original national passion in which the emperor and the man equally indulged. Natural rivalry of the person with an animal generated the passion quite comparable to passion of the player at a ruletochny table.
Inveterate hunters. S. T differed in uncontrollable passion to hunting and fishing. Aksakov who possesses two remarkable books - “Notes about fishing of fish“ and “Notes of the gun hunter of the Orenburg province“. Hunting supervision promoted emergence of many works of I. S. Turgenev. V. V. Stasov compared one of the most known pictures of V. G. Perov to his tall stories “Hunters on a halt“. Among artists there were many hunters too. P. P. Sokolov, I. M. Pryanishnikov, B. M. Kustodiyev and many others knew hunting firsthand and more than once addressed this subject.Telling
about undercover depths of the Russian soul, it is impossible to do without games and passions of the simple people, without mention of ceremonies and customs which represented both theatrical action, and magic ritual, and competition. Such traditional entertainments from national life as the Russian baths, a swing, drivings from mountains, fisticuffs and exhibition amusements attracted with the passion in the 18th century.
Family and national holidays - arrangement, a hen night, a betrothal, a wedding, driving on the three, buffooneries - all this and many other things had a certain plot as theatrical action, as game.the Territory of game is much wider than
, than a theatrical stage or any game field. It includes not only various games in itself, but also nearly all human activities among which and any kind of sport as competition or game on a prize, both a fatal duel (duel), and love game, in a word, nearly all life.
For someone from us, modern people, game - only part of culture, for someone - pleasant pastime, for someone - the dangerous “virus“ causing a serious illness.
New old mania
It is no secret that today games of some adults generate not children`s problems. Physicians and psychologists of the different countries are seriously concerned about so-called “ludomaniya“ - a gambling syndrome. They study violations and the frustration characteristic of this obsessional neurosis.
Doctors distinguish an addiction and a morbid impulse to game, temporary addiction and obsession. As well as any dependence, a syndrome of gambling has the symptoms
of People loses sense of proportion, for achievement of a certain state it needs to play even more often. It loses composure in attempt to bowl off, loses self-checking and sense of reality, is not capable to stop independently and continues game to be forgotten or avoid sense of guilt.
Such person begins to lie to close people to hide a measure of the interest in game, makes illegal actions - for receiving an opportunity to play will go for any fraud, forgery and a crime, ceases to appreciate the human relations - there are professional, family, household conflicts. Ludomang “loses face“ - fawns upon creditors.
Why does that happen? Physicians call both the weakened ability of nervous system to self-restoration, and constant pressure from people around, and extramental I lust after power (desire “to push luck“ or to change it).
How to control mental health of society? The system of complex prevention and treatment of this dependence, and also the manifestations accompanying it is known. In some countries, in particular, in Italy, doctors give help to all who suffer from a gambling syndrome.
Such competent organizations as the center for studying and treatment of psychopathologies, office for pathology of gamblings, offer patients the serious therapeutic program. The Italian experts find the patients even among the rested historic figures long ago.
So, they carry Neron, Claudius, Kaligula and other famous people in whom undoubted signs of a persuasive inclination to gambling are found to patients. Not only Russians inherited from the ancestors passion and irrepressible thirst to game.