Paints of the autumn garden
Fall brings special, incomparable feelings in our gardens. Soft autumn light, the shrouding silence of fogs, freshness of a rain, a special condition of the earth having a rest from summer and preparing for rest. And also the tart, invigorating smell of fallen leaves and, of course, amazing, bright and warm autumn colors. This article about trees, bushes and lianas which will help to create an effective autumn palette with a garden.the magnificent dramatic paints the fall is obliged by
Apart from group of perennials which blossoming is the share of fall to the dying leaves of trees and bushes. Change of color of leaves is caused by a chemical exchange of a listopadny plant: for preservation of valuable substances in an organism, they have to come back from leaves to a trunk and root system. The color of foliage of a plant fluctuates in the fall year by year and in general depends on several factors, the most important of which - specific weather conditions of the current season. The best effects of flowers are created those years when the summer heat is sharply replaced by almost winter cold. The quite good result is yielded also by sharp contrasts of daytime and night time temperatures during the autumn period. Even in the most successful years that, autumn paints will last how long, depends on intensity and duration of wind. One strong hurricane, alas, is capable to undress for one night “to a thread“ a tree which was completely dressed in gold or crimson foliage still yesterday.
Fortunately, not everything is in power of elements, we can affect some factors too. The plant has more chances to completely realize the potential if conditions of its cultivation are met - especially it concerns the level of acidity of the soil and illumination.
Some trees absolutely change by the end of a season, and them specially land in parks and squares counting on them “autumn show“. In a midland it is maples (Acer), nissa (Nyssa sylvatica), the Japanese bagryanik (Cercidiphyllum japonicum), oaks (Quercus), ash-trees (Fraxinus excelsior), likvidambara resiniferous (Liquidambar styraciflua), the Japanese styuartiya (Stewartia pseudocamellia), and also the most ancient tree ginko (Ginkgo biloba), the only thing in the sort and family. Unfortunately, only some of these plants are suitable for small country gardens, others are too great. However at our disposal there is a quite good choice of low trees, bushes and lianas which will grow willingly in small gardens and to decorate them not only in the fall, but also during the whole season.
From such trees first of all should note very decorative maples dlanevidny (Acer palmatum) and Japanese (A. japonicum) which often unite under the name “Japanese maples“. Maples dlanevidny grow from 3 to 7,5 meters, frost resistance - from a zone 5. For small gardens exclusively decorative versions with rassechenny leaves (A. p. var. Dissectum) which do not exceed 2 - 3 meters in height are especially good and can be grown up in big tubs. There is a set of grades of such maples differing on color of leaves. The Japanese akonitolistny maple (A. j. Aconitifolium) - the frost-resistant plant (from a climatic zone 5) with unusual, very beautiful leaves reaching 5 m in height. The Japanese maples prefer the places protected from wind and can grow both on the sun, and in a penumbra. The Japanese maples landed at water or among stones represent the show taking the breath away during the whole year, they are especially beautiful in October.
Skumpiya tanning (Cotinus coggygria) is called the smoking bush from - for magnificent whisks of flowers which surround a bush as a smoke. The purple version (C. c. purpureus Royal Purple) is especially charming during the whole season, in its fall darkly - claret leaves get brightly - orange color. Skumpiya are very unpretentious, perfectly transfer hairstyles, do not need additional fertilizers and can grow in a penumbra. Frost resistance - from a zone 5.One more undoubted hit of an autumn garden - magnificent hydrangeas (Hydrangea), broad variety of types and which grades allows to choose by
a plant for every taste. Important conditions which need to be observed at cultivation of hydrangeas - acidity of the soil and frost resistance which lower limit fluctuates at hydrangeas within zones 3 - 6, depending on a look. Besides that magnificent blossoming of hydrangeas is the share of the end of summer and fall, a factor of their additional appeal is dramatic change of color of leaves in the fall and dry flower heads which remain till spring. The magnificent show is represented by hydrangeas in September - October: on some it is at the same time possible to see the dismissed buds one-time - lilac scale, it is dark - red petals of deflowered inflorescences and bagryaneyushchy leaves.
the Same double effect of simultaneous blossoming and change of color of leaves the tseratostigma, or a svinchatka possesses Chinese (Ceratostigma willmottianum). The small bush, to meter height, blossoms at the end of summer unusual brightly - blue flowers, and in the fall the foliage of a plant becomes saturated red. Frost resistance of a svinchatka - a zone 5.
the Important place among the plants which are of interest in the fall are occupied by trees and bushes with beautiful fruits. And if these fruits are supplemented with yellow or crimson leaves, then the show becomes really unforgettable. Here superiority probably belongs to mountain ashes (Sorbus), barberries (Berberis), poison ivies (Rhus) and euonymuses (Euonymus).
If your garden of the small size, pay attention to low kinds of mountain ashes: kashemirovidny (S. cashmiriana), Joseph Rock (S. Joseph Rock), Chinese (S. vilmorinii). These mountain ashes as well as larger, are very decorative the spring blossoming, an autumn color of leaves and berries, but at the same time they can grow in rather small territory, without causing inconveniences to other plants.
Sumy - the effective frost-resistant bush capable to decorate any garden and really worthy wider use. In the fall bordovo - brown fruits of a poison ivy are perfectly combined with large cutting ognenno - the red leaves reminding leaves of a mountain ash and located horizontally. The special attention in colder zones is deserved a poison ivy smooth (R. glabra) and a poison ivy fluffy (R. typhina) - bushes or small trees, the yellowish flowers attracting a great number of butterflies and bees in June, and birds - interesting shishkoobrazny fruits in the fall and in the winter. Frost resistance of these two poison ivies - from a zone 3.
Fall - time of maturing of fruits of an euonymus (Euonymus). Perhaps, the greatest interest to autumn composition would be is of by some versions. European (E. europaeus) and. krasnoplodny (E. miniata), not only original fruits, but also leaves of which get brightly - red color in the fall.
berries all of the known dogrose (Rosa), a crab (Malus zumi), a guelder-rose (Viburnum), a hawthorn (Crataegus), a fuchsia Charmingly look (Fuchsia magellanica, F. hybrida), sea-buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides), skimiya of Japanese (Skimmia japonica), magoniya (Mahonia), kizilnik (Cotoneaster), pirakant (Pyracantha), and also orange or lilac krasivoplodnik (Callicarpa bodinieri). Unfortunately, the last are rather thermophilic (from a zone 6) therefore they present to complexity for cultivation in colder climatic zones.
Besides a lilac krasivoplodnik, so rare color of fruits the one-year African liana purple lablab has (Dolichos purpureus) from family of bean. During the summer this climber grows by length about 3 meters, it needs support and in solar location. Blossoming of a liana continues from the middle of summer and to the end of a season therefore in the fall on one plant it is possible to see lilac flowers and mature large beans of bright eggplant color.Telling
about lianas, you should not forget about everywhere widespread, but from it not less decorative maiden grapes (Parthenocissus) and charming osennetsvetushchy klematisa (Clematis jouniana Praecox, C. cirrhosa, S. tangutica, S. of viticella and others) which add a spot yellow, violet and nebesno - blue to crimson autumn scale.
Big group of undoubted favourites of gardeners and landscape designers - heather. Interest at the end of summer and is represented Scottish a heather (Calluna vulgaris), osennetsvetushchy Erica (Erica), Irish a heather in the fall, or by dabetion (Daboecia), and also one more plant from family of heather - a gaulteriya (Gaultheria). Heather give the chance to create the whole multi-colored gobelins consisting of the blossoming plants and plants with multi-colored foliage - silvery, yellow, orange and red.
Of course, trees and bushes - not the only decoration of our gardens in the fall. A multi-color and refined palette of fall bright colors of a harvest of vegetables and fruit, cold shades osennetsvetushchy bulbous supplement, a motley carpet of perennials and the waving sea of decorative cereals.
severe November winds will blow off the whithered leaves from trees Soon, and the cold rain will beat them to the earth. Only berries will remain for several months to give a forage to birds during winter bad weather and to be pleasing to our eye bright flashes of paints. For now let`s enjoy wholly this soft “farewell beauty“ dawn.