Magic world. About careful attitude to the nature of
From the birth in the little man the huge potential of love to the nature is put... But if the grown-up peanut breaks branches of trees, tramples down flowers, throws a stone in a pigeon or without regret steps a leg on a caterpillar, then we are guilty of it, adults because we did not maintain interest of the kid in time, did not acquaint him with life of plants and animals...
the Surrounding nature - the remarkable assistant in education of good feelings in children`s soul. Supervision over plants and animals will help the baby not only to acquire initial knowledge of biology, but also will teach to love, to care, be attentive and responsible, will inform the kid of thought of unity and originality of all live on the earth.
I Love an ant...It can seem to
strange, but education of love to the nature begins with respect for the tiniest beings - an insect. The kitten or puppy can quite stand for themselves, and here small bugs cannot. Kids at the age of about 1 year begin to be in the creeping and flying beings actively interested: can be lost in contemplation of a butterfly, are enraptured with a ladybug or an ant. And already at this age it is worth teaching the child to handle with insects with care. They are such fragile! Naturally, the baby will try to step a leg on a bug more than once or to squeeze him more feasibly in fingers. He does not realize yet that these kids too live. What can we make? To stop similar attempts, to explain that insects are living beings, to be surprised sincerely together with the child even to the tiniest small insect, to consider houses of the picture with insects, to remember their names. Gradually your efforts will yield the positive results.
Try to come to the rescue together with the child of the insects who got to trouble: pull out the ladybug who got into a pool, clean from the road in a grass of an imprudent bug. Of course, all this can seem ridiculous and naive. You will think what feat - Saviour of a bug! But such tiny feats also settle in soul of the child small boring of kindness and compassion, teach it to understand, to love and appreciate all live around. Even if, at first sight, absolutely imperceptible.
Learn several poems on insects whom you meet every day on walk, tell them together with the kid. “A ladybug, depart on the sky!“ You remember? Let the child will take a ladybug on a palm, keeping saying a zaklichka. And the bug as though having obeyed, will open wings and will fly to “children who eat cutlets“. And any more it will nevermore want to offend him, you talked to a bug, and he even understood you...
many rhymes which will help to bring up careful attitude to insects with the kid Are. Especially, if to tell them “in a subject“. Here, say, noticed on a footpath of a bug and remembered E. Moshkovskaya`s poem:
He jumped on the road,
And I put a leg
And nearly came,
And I would kill him.
As that grasshopper will jump up!
It is cheerful! It is live!
it is good that I noticed!
it is good that it is live!
A here remarkable poem of A. Usachev:
Run, a bug,
Sverchi, a cricket,
And a butterfly - fly...
I will not offend you,
Unless after such words will want to offend somebody?
It is valid, pets - one of the best tutors of the kid. Nobody will teach the child of love and to compassion as it will be made by them. Of course, not without our adult help. It is very difficult to find the negative moments in communication of the child and an animal. Games with brothers smaller (especially dogs and cats) train the kid physically. The child becomes more mobile and dexterous, his motility and coordination of movements is improved.
the Animal helps the kid to develop quicker, easier to adapt in new collective and to make friends. Besides, existence of an animal in the house does more amicably and more solid a family. Animals - remarkable psychotherapists. Playing with them, the child gradually learns to control the negative emotions and aggressive rushes. Having learned to empathize and sympathize with “smaller brothers“, the little man will transfer these abilities and to the relations with peers and other people. If you could understand an animal, will be to understand people where as it is easier... - the friend it is possible to talk to an animal on any subjects, to reveal to him the most intimate secrets. And to receive in reply silent sympathy. The animal will not begin to abuse for offense and to point to mistakes. Psychologists know well that those children which lack heat and communication with close people especially strive for friendship with animals. Eventually, communication with animals for the kid is just huge pleasure. And it cannot be replaced with anything. Neither new toy, nor desired delicacy.
Moustached and striped
For certain, each of us observed pictures of communication of the kid with animals more than once. Agree, the show it not always happens pleasant. We shout to the kid “again and again do not dare to stick with a finger to the pussycat into an eye“ or “do not lift a doggie for a tail“, but the young researcher repeats the experiments with enviable constancy. You should not panic, worrying that with the son or the daughter “something not so“ that they will grow up cruel men. The reason of such behavior in experimenting. In desire to understand and what will be if... Besides, we, adults, sometimes just do not think that many, things elementary in our opinion the kid can simply not know. For example, the small child sometimes does not realize that an animal as well as he, can feel pain, feeling of hunger, fear. And our task to explain all this to the baby it is quiet and available.
you Spend enough time together with an animal, watch it, discuss his behavior. Tell the kid that to his small animal, whether it be the puppy, a kitten or a rabbit, is not pleasant when he is incessantly squeezed. He needs to eat and drink, he has dishes darlings and not darlings and if long it is very bad not to feed him - to an animal, it can ache. You should not add “and to die“. It will not help the kid to like more deeply love to the pet, and here you can frighten the baby.do not forget to remind
to the kid that animal, especially small - a being fragile. And if it is careless to play and communicate with it - it is possible to hurt easily it, to injure a pad or even to put more serious trauma. Similar reminders affect the grown-up peanuts. And here the least fans of animals for the present cannot correctly calculate power of the love. From completeness of feelings they strong squeeze in hands of a kitten or hamster, only this way they can express him the admiration. Exit here one: never leave the kid with an animal alone even on a short period, it concerns as well safety of the child to whom the angry animal can do harm. In process of a growing the baby will begin to build the relationship with an animal absolutely differently, than at early age. There will be both a true love, and care, and participation and careful attitude. For now communicate all together. So is even more cheerful!situations when kids try to transfer habitual games with toys to the little wards are known to
for Everything. We want that or not, but the baby really perceives an animal as a live toy. And only gradually, in process of a growing, under the influence of our correct education, the kid will understand that it not so. It will be very useful to watch together the remarkable animated film “Live Toy“, how the girl tried to turn into a doll Katya of the living leveret. At this instructive history the happy end. Surely discuss the animated film with the kid, let itself will answer why to a zaychishka it was bad at the girl why he escaped. And then think together whether also the kid is similar to this girl. Always it is useful to see himself from outside.
I, of course, read to the baby S. Marshak`s poem “Moustached - striped“. In it there are a lot of moments for discussion too. For example, why the kitten did not want to wash in a backet. Yes because each living being has the way of bathing. The kid washes in a bathtub, and a kitten - a uvula. And if you love the friend, it is necessary to respect by all means and his habits. Gradually the baby will acquire: to keep trust and attachment of the favourite, it is necessary to follow a set of various rules of communication with it - not to disturb during a dream or food, not to try to play when the animal has on it no mood, not to hurt and not to treat as a teddy bear. Only then it is possible to receive heat, caress and love in exchange.
my favourite animals
Getting a pet, you have to realize that all pleasure (or burden - for whom as) cares of it will lay down on your shoulders. Even if the kid tearfully assures that he will clean a cage or to feed an animal. Yes, now he also trusts in it. But in practice everything will appear absolutely in a different way. And it is impossible to blame for it the child. In most cases, care of an animal - still excessive task for your little naturalist. Besides, turning care into a labor duty, you thereby will cultivate dislike, and hostility. Unless it is possible to force to love? Unless it is possible to care sincerely from - under sticks? No, the love can only be grown up, carefully and accurately. Only the voluntary help in care of an animal will gradually develop a sense of responsibility, understanding that the animal completely depends on the owner, on his care and love at the baby. Quite so the first boring of kindness which will surely grow in a big and strong tree arise in small children`s soul.
If you have a hamster, a rat, a rabbit, a guinea pig, let the baby will help to fill, for example, fresh sawdust in the cleaned cage. The kid can enclose a forage to a small animal, watch that in a drinking bowl there was always water. Let walks together with you a dog, combs out a cat and observes how you cut it claws, let will dig herbs for a rodent. Buy together a forage for an animal, you go to exhibitions, read books about the favourite. In a word, in every possible way involve the child in care of a pet and you aspire that such care was for the kid in pleasure. Do not wait from the child of any special consciousness right now. It for the present is not capable of it. Do not abuse it for forgetfulness and a carelessness. You have to understand: your task - not fast results, but education of the responsible, sensitive and attentive person from your little man. It it will also become in adulthood if now you accustoms him to this responsibility quietly, patiently and systematically.
Magic seven-petal flowers
If for any of several reasons you cannot get a pet yet, call in allies of less exacting assistants. It will be a question of houseplants.
Watering of houseplants will become the first important and responsible mission to the kid. If there is a lot of plants or the child is still too small, allocate for him one - two flowers and put them separately. Let it will be personal plants of the kid which he will look after. Tell that water is necessary for plants for life. As well as the kid, they can thirst. Show how it is necessary to water a flower. That the young botanist did not pour too much water in a flowerpot, give it, for example, and explain a glass from yogurt that so much water is necessary for watering. Make a calendar for a month, having designated conditional badges days in which it is necessary to water flowers. Let the kid himself watch it. If the child is not familiar with a calendar yet - help it.
Responsibility - important human quality. And we will develop it, trusting the baby life of green pets. Be not upset if the kid often forgets to water flowers He is still too small to do it on an equal basis with adults. Education of responsibility - process long. Have patience, help, prompt, softly remind - and everything will turn out! > It is even more interesting to p to watch
the plants planted independently. Will be suitable for these purposes, for example to all known for a kalanchoe. On its leaves the “children“ having small backs are formed. Prepare with the kid a flowerpot with the earth. Let the baby will break several “children“, will thrust them backs to the earth and will water. The kalanchoe grows quickly. It is noticeable and approximately, but it is possible to measure stalk length by centimeter from time to time. So the kid will learn by own experience that plants, as well as all living beings, grow. Experiment also with other unpretentious houseplants which breed shanks (a chlorophytum, a fuchsia, a tradescantia, a geranium, a saintpaulia). And soon on a window sill yours remains will have the whole pilot farm. And it will inevitably cause the questions connected with features of care of this or that plant. The kid can become interested, than the plant eats as it grows why leaves at it green. Help it to find answers in special books and encyclopedias. Ability to work with reference books - very useful skill in every respect.
You did not see a miracle yet?
What fruit most of all is loved by your kid? Oranges? Apples? Dates? Pay its attention that in any fruit there are seeds. Tell that thanks to seeds the plant breeds. And as proof of it grow up the real date palm tree together with the child. Of course, dates on it will not be, but process of germination of a palm tree of a usual stone will be related for the kid to a miracle. For this purpose it is necessary to put only several stones from the eaten dates in a deep, spacious flowerpot, to water and to wait patiently.
A why not to try to grow up orange or a lemon, pomegranate or a pear? Put to the earth on a stone from each fruit and look what will turn out. By the way, there are special room grades of a lemon and pomegranate on which the most real fruits ripen. Well, unless it not a miracle: to grow up the real tropical plant on a window sill and to regale on its fruits? Teach the kid not to be afraid to experiment, let him think out improbable experiences, and you softly help him. What will be if to clean a plant for several days to the dark place?
A if to wrap up some leaves the paper which is not passing light? Whether plant leaves if to water it, tinted by food dye will be painted? And if in water with dye to put a white carnation? The last experiment will be visually shown to the kid with how plants “drink“ water.
What happens to a sunflower seed in the earth? The inquisitive kid by all means will want to see it own eyes. How to glance in a flowerpot? Arrive as follows. Take a glass jar, moisten it with water. Inside enclose the big tissue curtailed by a tubule and press paper to walls banks. Between a napkin and glass place a little fasolin. Plentifully moisten a napkin with water. Deliver to bank to the light place, watching that the napkin did not dry. Thanks to such simple adaptation the young botanist will be able to observe how from a fasolina backs, then sprouts and leaves will begin to grow.
If at you there live the popugaychik or a canary, it will be for certain curious to kid to learn what seeds of plants are eaten by his pet. Prepare a wide pot or a box with the earth. Let the little botanist will seed a bird`s forage on all surface of a flowerpot. From above powder seeds with the earth, water and leave in the warm, light place. There will pass a little time, and the kid will have real “meadow“ on a window sill. It will be one more confirmation that plants breed seeds. For certain it will be interesting to the kid an uznat as seeds “travel“. Tell that some of them have special easy “wing“ or “parashyutik“ thanks to which they are able to fly, and wind carries them on long distances. For certain the kid already many times blew off such seeds - parashyutik from white flowers of a dandelion. Other plants have rigid prickles - hooks. Such seeds “travel“, clinging to hair of animals, feathers of birds, clothes of the person.
Make one more experiment. After walk in rainy weather collect dirt from footwear of the kid and “seed“ to the earth. It is very probable that you will be able to observe shoots. It means that we help plants to travel too, transferring seeds on the footwear.
does not need to feel sorry for time spent together with the child on games with pets for botanical experiments, on reading good, kind verses and stories about the nature, on walks and travel. Thanks to your efforts the person who will love and appreciate what surrounds him will grow up from the little man, will begin to make thrifty use of all live, thoughtfully, with understanding and respect.