Miracle - pumpkin
“The wonderful city of Myrgorod! What in it there are no structures! Both under straw, and under an ocheretyana, even under a wooden roof; to the right street, on the left street, everywhere fine wattle fence; after it hop curls, pots hang on it, from - for it the sunflower shows the solntseobrazny head, poppy reddens, thick pumpkins flash... Luxury!“
N. V. Gogol.“ The story how Ivan Ivanovich with Ivan Nikiforovich quarreled“ Is considered
N. V. Gogol.“ The story how Ivan Ivanovich with Ivan Nikiforovich quarreled“
that victorious procession of pumpkin began from the Central and South America worldwide, but at the same time is overlooked that in 1926 wild-growing small-fruited pumpkin was found in North Africa by expedition under the leadership of the academician N. I. Vavilov.at
it Grew in the same places, as a wild water-melon. The scientists who are going in for exegetics, i.e. an explanation and interpretation of the Bible claim that pumpkin primordially grew on the Holy Land as it is mentioned in the Old Testament. In their opinion, it was that plant which was proizrastit by the Lord, “and it rose over Ionoyu that over his head there was a shadow and to relieve it of chagrin it“. If to someone it is unclear how pumpkin can give a shadow, we will remind that this fast-growing, climbing plant, its stalks in the form of long lashes with large leaves are capable to braid for very short time a tent from branches.
On a question of that from where and as pumpkin in Europe appeared, there is no final answer. It is quite possible that large-fruited pumpkin was brought by the ships with production of the Spanish conquistadors, and her small-fruited sister was brought by vehicles of knights - the crusaders who came back to native places with the stolen good from the next crusade.
In Russia pumpkin appeared in the 16th century or from the East, together with the Persian merchants coming to Derbent, Astrakhan and other cities with goods or from the West with the courageous and enterprising Moscow merchants who entered by the 16th century close trade relations with countries of Western Europe in which by this time pumpkin was very popular vegetable. The Russian climate allowed to grow up pumpkin almost everywhere, but on grounds of the Russian landowners it was widely adopted only since 18th century. The unpretentious, yielding big harvest and convenient vegetable in storage so got accustomed in many southern regions of Russia that there to this day consider pumpkin as primordially Russian culture.
Vegetable for every taste
Most often grow up pumpkin large-fruited, muscat, tverdokory, is slightly more rare - bottle and figolistny.
Pumpkin large-fruited - the most cold-resistant of pumpkins. Differs in the large sizes, long period of storage, in high tastes and a large number dairy - white, smooth seeds. The pulp of fruits thick, juicy, average density, yellow, contains up to 15% of sugar and to 40 mg/kg of carotinoids.
Pumpkin muscat - the most thermophilic and late-ripening. Fruits small and average, seeds with a twisted or fleecy rim. The pulp is orange, with muscat aroma, contains up to 10% of sugar and to 30 mg/kg of carotinoids.
Pumpkin tverdokory, or ordinary - does not react to sharp fluctuations of temperature. Fruits are small, with ligneous bark and prickly omission. Seeds small and average, yellowish. The pulp contains up to 10% of sugar and to 30 mg/kg of carotinoids.
dlinnopletisty, korotkopletisty and sectional subspecies of this pumpkin Meet. The vegetable marrow, a bush pumpkin, zucchini and kruknek belong to sectional subspecies.
Pumpkin bottle - the lianovidny thermophilic plant with large scyphoid flowers, is pale - pink in the mornings and white in the evenings. In a midland it is possible to grow up only in the greenhouse. Fruits of bottle pumpkin most often club-shaped, pear-shaped, serpentine form. It is possible to receive also any other form, placing ovaries in wooden forms which are gradually filled with the growing fruit.one of types of this pumpkin - a lagenariya differs in
in the Long fruits. Its fruits can grow to 2 - 3 m and differ in ability to regeneration: if during growth at a young fruit to cut off a piece, the fruit will continue to grow further. The lagenariya received the name “eternal cucumber“ for this ability. However you should not allow to a lagenariya to outgrow as eat only fruits 50 - 60 cm long, with a thin green skin and gentle pulp. From young fruits cook salads, fry them in oil, extinguish, prepare for the future, preserve. From mature, having the bottle form, make strong ware which is decorated with an intricate ornament.
Pumpkin figolistny - the only type of long-term pumpkin, known in culture, with the fruits of a different form differing in white pulp and black seeds. In food it is used seldom, but, thanks to resistance to diseases, on it impart other species of pumpkin plants.to
both the pulp and sunflower seedsAre useful to
Once pumpkin was a recognized food product on a table of both the peasant, and the citizen. Then about pumpkin forgot a little, even more often giving preference to her immediate family - vegetable marrows, bush pumpkins, and later and zucchini. It is only possible to regret about such unambiguous preference.
Pumpkin was and remains the irreplaceable dietary product useful at problems with a liver, a gall bladder, at gout, gastritises, colitis. The gentle pulp with almost neutral environment promotes healing of stomach ulcers and a duodenum, is useful at toxicosis of pregnant women, eczema and burns. The Tykvanny diet gives wonderful effect at warmly - vascular diseases, obesity, at a metabolic disorder. Pumpkin juice calms nervous system, promotes a good dream, satisfies thirst. Use juice and as a diuretic at cardiac hypostases and diseases of kidneys.
It is yellow - orange coloring of pulp of pumpkin is explained by high content of carotinoids, from them in our organism vitamin A, and flavonoids - the vegetable antioxidants reducing risk of pathological regeneration of cells of body tissues is synthesized. In addition at pumpkin there are vitamins of group B, C, P, PP, E. Schitayetsya that all complex of vitamins and flavonoids slows down aging and helps to maintain normal sexual activity. Is in pumpkin a lot of macro - and the minerals necessary both for effect of vitamins, and for functioning of an organism in general. Pumpkin is considered the champion among vegetables on the content of iron, it is a lot of in it and salts of copper, phosphorus, and pectinaceous substances provide removal from an organism of toxic products of an exchange and surplus of cholesterol.
Pumpkin is well acquired by an organism, in it a little vegetable cellulose and there is a lot of water. Depending on a grade and a look the content of carbohydrates in fruits can fluctuate from 5 to 15%, proteins - from 1 to 2%, fats and organic acids - in percent shares.the pumpkin sunflower seeds containing up to 52% of fat oil and to 28% of protein Are tasty, nutritious and useful to
. And the zinc found in them - a fine prophylactic of prostatitis: it is enough to men to eat 50 - 60 grains in day. In addition sunflower seeds are considered good antivermicular and a diuretic for a long time.
On quality is not conceded to the best food oils and by pumpkin oil, but it nevertheless is used more often for receiving medicines as it contains biologically active agents which have nootropic effect, raise a potentiality, make active immune system of an organism. Besides, these substances slow down process of increase in number of cells of tissues of prostate gland, promote elimination of frustration of an urination and pain syndrome at adenoma of a prostate gland and prostatitis.