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Guinea pig - a peaceful and sociable small animal of

Why these small animals were called pigs? Perhaps because when they are quiet, quietly pokhryukivat, and having strongly been frightened, squeal as little pigs.

Guinea pigs - small rodents, come from South America. In length they reach 24 - 30 centimeters, and weigh from 700 to 1000 grams. On forepaws have 4, and on back - 3 fingers. As well as at many other rodents, at guinea pigs 2 couples of average cutters which constantly grow and samozatachivatsya when deleting. There are no canines. Between cutters and molars considerable intervals that is characteristic of herbivorous mammals.

Why these small animals was called pigs? Perhaps because when they are quiet, quietly pokhryukivat, and having strongly been frightened, squeal as little pigs. Or still because they have a big head, a short neck and a thick trunk. And what in that case connects the overland, not suffering water pigs with the sea? By the sea in the 16th century they were brought from South America to Europe by Spaniards. Very peaceful and unpretentious pigs long time were companions of seafarers. Obviously, for these reasons of small animals also began to call at first overseas, and later - sea. By the way, sea pigs are called in Russia and Germany, in the countries of the western part of Europe them call Peruvian, and in the homeland - in South America - an aperea or Gui. Pigs have also a scientific name - kaviya.

the First kaviya Inca cultivated. They grew up small animals for the sake of an entertainment, on meat, sometimes sacrificed them to gods.

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Knows many types of wild kaviya. Externally they are similar on house, but is slightly larger, with more slim figure and more mobile. Coloring of fur one-color - gray, brown or brown. Small animals live in the nature small communities, constructing numerous holes. Some types of kaviya, in particular the Bolivian, prefer to lodge big congestions, building the whole underground towns, from - for what the district becomes almost impassable for the traveler and in particular for the rider - hoofs of a horse continually fail in holes.

Has to be

, the monophonic coloring of small animals did not satisfy fans, and they began to bring spotty, two - and even three-colored pigs. There were breeds, different not only coloring, but also length, and also a wool structure. Here, for example, agut. To their thicket light-the gray or golden shade of wool, at the same time each hair consists of different color zones: at roots - serebristo - white, in the middle - reddish or golden, and on tips - almost black. Strips and spottiness for this color are excluded.

Monophonic pigs are black, white, red, is dark - brown. A white small animal with red eyes - an albino. There are several types of spotty pigs. Tortoise usually three-colored - with black, white and red spots. And Dutch which have a prevailing white color as though dipped on a belt into paint (black, chocolate, golden or silvery) and then painted with the same paint ears and cheeks.

of Small animals of the Himalaya breed can be recognized by black or it is dark - chocolate to a nose, ears and pads, all the rest at them white. Pigs about whom it was told above it is smooth - and short-haired. And still there are wire-haired - rozetochny. They are multi-colored. Their rough shchetinisty hair form on all body of the socket why pigs have very ridiculous, shaggy appearance. Also long-haired Angora pigs are brought. Hair at them reach 4 - 6 centimeters. The longest wool (to 15 centimeters!) the Peruvian pigs have.

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At guinea pigs well developed sense of smell and hearing. They can hear sounds of very high frequency - to 33000 Hz. And to make the most different sounds: to squeal a little, purr, whistle and to peep. If the small animal began to squeak, so he something was offended. Whistled - wants to warn relatives about danger. Began to squeal - was frightened of something. Zamurlykal, so at it everything is all right.

Guinea pigs became nearly the most habitual inhabitants of a nature corner long ago. They are very peaceful, and it is interesting to watch them. Experts recommend to hold these small animals families (3 females and 1 male). It is possible to get also one animal, but then the owner has to communicate more often with the pet, otherwise he will miss. For several animals quite big cage as everyone needs space of 40 × is necessary; 40 centimeters. Cages with the deep plastic pallet and top from metal rods are convenient. As a laying in the pallet put sawdust or hay. Guinea pigs emit a lot of urine therefore the thicket needs to change a laying.

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a cage where there are no drafts, otherwise pigs will often catch a cold. They should build a lodge for a dream. Daily small animals should give the chance to run about much on the apartment. From a lack of movements at them long claws which, growing into small pillows, hurt grow. Pigs will comfortably feel in the house at a temperature of 16 - 18 ° With and at relative humidity of air of 50%. If in the summer you are able to take out the pet on a pure country grass and to give him the chance popastis, he will be very grateful to you.

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2 times a day, and pregnant women - 3 - 4 times Feed pigs. Generally they eat a meadow grass: clover, leaves of a dandelion, plantain, goutweed. Fresh greens - a well of vitamins and other useful substances. Can partially replace hay of good drying in its winter. Pigs are given also power forage in the form of ready packings from pet-shop, or it can be mix from oats, barley, wheat, peas, corn, a peanut. And still vegetables (cabbage, carrots, beet, potatoes, cucumbers) and apples. For grinding of teeth the firm food - stale as a stone, bread, branches of trees with bark is surely necessary. According to the recommendation of experts, the daily diet for an adult small animal has to be such (in grams): milk - 15, hay - 60, a grass - 300 - 500, root crops - 90, bone meal - 0,2, a power forage - 45, cabbage - 20, salt - 0,3, cod-liver oil - 0,3, ascorbic acid - 0,02 on 20 ml of water. Still advise to give tired bran and various cakes, and also tomato juice and infusion of a dogrose as sources of vitamins.

the Low-quality forage, as well as sharp change of structure of a forage can cause disorder of digestion in pigs. It is important to remember also that in the course of evolution guinea pigs lost ability to vitamin C synthesis therefore they surely have to receive it with food. Otherwise at them paralysis can develop. It is not necessary to forbid pigs to eat a dung. It is necessary for them to be healthy.

Puberty at guinea pigs comes in two - three-months age. However you should not couple them until it executes at least half a year, and to make multiple copies more often than two times a year. Pigs bear posterity long, about two months. Childbirth lasts 15 - 45 minutes. Usually 2 - 4 cubs weighing from 50 to 110 g everyone are born. The weakest, as a rule, perishes. The female also does not try to feed him. Having only two nipples, she can leave at most 2 - 3 cubs. Kids are born the sighted people who are quite already created and almost independent. Though mummy feeds them with milk about a month, they already on 3 - 6 - y begin to try day a grass which is eaten by mother, and funny play. It is possible to separate them from mother in 3 weeks. Of course, to give rise to such independent posterity, many forces, health are necessary to a female.

is not recommended to couple pigs from November to April and especially in February when they begin a molt. At long-haired animals it proceeds 1,5 - 2 months. At this time small animals are very weakened also by it not to posterity. They have to be fed up, get stronger.

Life expectancy of guinea pigs - about 8 years. Long-livers reached 15 - summer age.

body temperature is within 37,5 - 39,5

At a healthy guinea pig ° With, pulse - 300 beats per minute, breath frequency - 100 - 150 breaths a minute. Pigs are subject to pneumonia, especially in the winter when shortage of a green forage rich with nutrients and when in the heated room humidity of air considerably goes down is felt. The sick small animal becomes apathetic, sneezes, refuses food. It increases body temperature, breath becomes speeded up, superficial, from a nose there are purulent allocations. Such mumps should be isolated from relatives and to immediately show to the veterinarian. If in time not to begin treatment with antibiotics, the pig can die. For prevention of pneumonia it is important to give to small animals in the winter as top dressing the sprouted cereals.

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Sometimes at pigs observes baldness on some parts of the body. Stressful situations, and also a lack of a diet of a coarse-fibered forage, that is Sena can be the reasons.

If the small animal refuses food and at the same time it has a plentiful salivation, it is necessary to check a condition of cutters - whether not too they grew, and also a condition of molars which are located at the level of zashchechny bags. Sometimes from - for wrong a smykaniye of jaws and as a result of the wrong attrition of food on the upper and lower molars hooks are formed. These hooks with a growth inside damage language, and with a growth outside - a mucous membrane of a mouth. Only the doctor can help here.

the Pig living at home it becomes frequent almost the family member, responds to a nickname. Closely communicating with an animal, it is possible to train him. For example, the mumps pulled a toy for a string - give it a delicacy. Gradually the small animal will be accustomed to play this game. Each mumps has behavioural stereotypes. Try to spot something interesting in behavior of your pet and, based on features of his behavior, train a mumps in any focuses.