Encyclopedic knowledge of Doman of
in many respects promoted distribution of ideas of early intellectual development of children books of the famous American doctor, the author of techniques of early development of children Glen Doman.
Glen Doman is the American doctor, graduated from the university in Philadelphia in 1940, in 1941 is called up by the private for the American military service, demobilized in the lieutenant colonel`s rank, awarded by fighting awards. From fiftieth years was engaged in recovery of the injured children with injuries of a brain. Author of books “How to Teach Your Child to Read“, “How to Train Your Child in Mathematics“, “Harmonious Development of the Child“, “How to Give to Your Child Encyclopaedic Knowledge“ and others. Now heads “Institute of achievement of human potential“ in Philadelphia. More detailed data are on the Internet.
Within fifteen years Doman took care of injured children. By it and his employees it was noticed that if at hopeless children who lay not movably and were considered as functional idiots (they in general could not be tested) to stimulate some sense organ - hearing or sight, - that occurs activization of all brain in general. Unexpectedly it became clear that, stimulating sight, you can force the child to move. The special attention was paid to reading. Showed to the child the word written by large letters and said it aloud. Each five days the mere verbiage was updated, and at some moment it turned out that the sick child understands sense of the written words, begins to move, and part of children could even overtake in development of the healthy peers.It, of course, very schematical explanation of what happened to sick children in more detail about it you can read
in Doman`s books which from the middle 90 - x exist years in Russian translation. At last one fine day the system of early training in reading was tested on healthy children. Results surpassed all expectations. Such children developed physically quicker, and intellectually they considerably advanced the age.
One of the most popular books of Doman is called the same as our book, - “How to give to the child encyclopedic knowledge“. To the readers not familiar with Glen Doman`s works, we will try to state in brief an essence of the technique stated in Doman`s book.All data on world around, history, sciences Doman suggests to break
into sections, for example into ten (though, according to the author, maybe it is more categories). So, all knowledge of Doman should be divided into sections:Biology
These sections, in turn, are divided
- into categories. For example, for biology “Birds“, “Fishes“, “Trees“ can be categories. It is possible to give narrower associations of the facts on categories, for example, polar birds etc. Each category includes a set of elements - units of information, separate “facts“ which Glen Doman calls “intelligence bits“.
From Doman`s book:“ Knowledge is based on information, and obtaining information happens through the facts. Each fact represents one bit of information. When such fact is properly shown to the child, it is possible to call it intelligence bit. He not only will promote development of a children`s brain, but also will lay down in the basis of all his future knowledge.
the Section is a group of ten and more cards which have among themselves something the general. Here, for example, section birds :the Ordinary crow
- the Robin
- the Nightingale
- the Eagle
- the Heron
- the Ostrich
- the Black grouse
- the Chaffinch
- the Sparrow
Group can be expanded with
- both at the expense of nowadays existing birds, and at the expense of those that for a long time died out. It is possible to expand this category so as far as it you will be allowed by own knowledge“.
Examples of sections and categories from Doman`s book:
Set of cards: an ordinary crow, a robin, a nightingale, the chaffinch, an eagle, an ostrich, chicken, a sparrow, a black grouse, a heron etc.
Category: “Governors and politicians of Russia“
Set of cards: Nicholas II, Alexander Nevsky, Stolypin, Alexander I, Lenin, Ivan the Terrible, Peter I, Ekaterina II, Brezhnev, Kerensky etc.
Category: “Cities of Russia“
Set of cards: St. Petersburg, Yekaterinburg, Samara, Nizhny Novgorod, Yaroslavl, Krasnoyarsk, Novosibirsk, Suzdal, Sochi etc. (Cards with views of these cities or something similar.)
Set of cards: Beethoven, Mozart, Tchaikovsky, Bizet, Verdi, Kalman, Bach, Chopin, Mussorgsky, Scriabin etc.
Category: “Pictures Wang - Gog“
the Set of cards: “School student“, “Sunflowers“, “Madam Rulin with the child“, “Mail carrier Rulin“, “The sad old man“, “A terrace of cafe at night“, “Self-portrait“, “The Gipsy carts“, “Church in Auvergne“, “Fields with peach trees in bloom“ etc. (Reproductions with images of these pictures.)
Undressed: “Human anatomy“
Category: “Skeleton structure“
Set of cards: Skull, tibial bone, shovel, finger phalanx, basin, anklebone, clavicle, elbow bone, lower jaw etc. (Drawings of these bones.)
Set of cards: * ** *** **** ***** ****** of ******* ******** of ********* ********** etc. (Cards with the red spots applied on them)
Undressed: “General knowledge“
Category: “Instruments of labor“
Set of cards: Knife, axe, saw, screw-driver, plane, hammer, shovel, rake, drill, braid etc. (Drawings with the image of these objects.)
Set of cards: (Put) Giorno, ora (hour), senso (feeling), enigma (riddle), scatola (box) etc. (These words have to be written by a large, bright font).
Category:“ Russian writers“
Set of cards: Tolstoy, Pushkin, Dostoyevsky, Lermontov, Nekrasov, Bulgakov, Solzhenitsyn, Chekhov, Goncharov, Bunin etc.
“To everyone to bit with which you want to acquaint the child, it is necessary to pick up the image - the photo or drawing. This image should be pasted on a big cardboard card of 28 in size × 28 cm“.
“Each card contains one bit of information. On it accurate drawing, an illustration or the photo is pasted. The card has to meet the following requirements: distinctness, discretization, unambiguity, and also it has to be new to the child.
the Snapshot happens quite indistinct and therefore does not meet the requirements of distinctness“.
Doman understands such quality of a card which allows to distinguish all represented details As “distinctness“.“ Discretization means that each card has to be devoted only to one fact. For example, if on it the crow is represented, then it has to be only the crow - without landscape or any other animals.
Unambiguity is a definiteness of value. That is, the fact is represented on a card so that it can be interpreted uniquely. If the crow is represented, then she has to be apprehended as a crow, but not as big black bird “ .Doman recommends to write to
From a reverse side of each card information on the represented object - “the program of development of intelligence“ - divided into ten (or more) complexity levels - from simple to difficult. Its name is considered the simplest data on object (in the native language of the child). Further transfers of features of this look follow, for example, birds - what eat where and as twist nests how many eggs lay etc.
Set of Cards: An ordinary crow
- 1 - y level: Crows twist the nests on trees or in bushes.
- 2 - y level: Voron of a nest are made of the branches shifted by a grass or wool.
- 3 - y level: Ravens eat insects, seeds, fruit and nuts.
- 4 - y level: It is known also that crows eat mollusks, drop, mice, eggs, fish, garbage, filling, rubber, insulating material.
- 5 - y level: The female of a crow has one brood of baby birds a year.
- 6 - y level: A voice of a crow - loud, hoarse, absolutely not musical.
- 7 - y level: Crows treat family of vorony.
- 8 - y level: The family of vorony includes crows, jays and sorok.
- 9 - y level: The majority of birds of family of vorony copulate for the rest of life.
- 10 - y level: The majority of birds of family of vorony live in flocks and nest densely populated colonies.
- 11 - y level: Only in New Zealand and on the majority of islands of the Pacific Ocean there are no representatives of family of vorony.
- 12 - y level: The family of vorony contains 103 look united in 26 childbirth.
On display to the child of each card one second has to leave. It is impossible to be late longer. Doman considers that slow display weakens interest of the child.Every day the child has to look with
at a series from ten cards three times a day. And such series has to be a little (to twelve in day).
besides according to Doman it is necessary to watch three more times a day the cards with the words written by capital red letters training the child to reading, and as much card time with red points, giving to the child initial knowledge of mathematics.Each series of cards should show
five days, then one of cards is postponed and instead of it new is added.Doman recommends to Begin with
similar occupations month in 3 - 6, but also in a year, in his opinion, not late...with
After the child saw about one thousand cards, begin repeated display of already seen cards. But now begin to say not the first point of “the program of development of intelligence“, but following. Then a series is again postponed again to return after the next viewing available thousands of cards - with the third point of information from “the program of development of intelligence“ etc.
according to Doman the similar advancing training:
- is stimulated by development of various departments of a brain and thanks to what the child develops much quicker than peers,
- allows the child not only to seize each separate fact, but still will help the child to put the complete systematized world picture where all facts are interconnected with each other with the head.
of the Book of Glen Doman infect with
the reader - they are written in such enthusiastic language. Strike also the described results - the children cited as an example not just child prodigies, and many-sided geniuses - at what, all! Though only the most outstanding are described, naturally. Still reading Doman`s book, not having closed the last page, there is a wish to do everything exactly as there it is written. Many and many parents caught ideas of education of the superperson as Glen Doman calls the children trained in them. the most interesting begins
Here. Mothers and fathers are let in searches of material for cards, cut a cardboard, glue pictures, try to find the necessary material for drawing up “programs of development of intelligence“. Often make huge work to pick up to the available picture the necessary text in “the program of development of intelligence“ or to interesting material the corresponding picture.
I here long-awaited time has come,. The unlimited quantity of cards is prepared and intensive occupations begin. Parents trust in that, the baby derives pleasure and exactly so many once a day how many it is written in Doman`s book will receive it. Parents believe that all of them will be able, at them all it to turn out, they surely will have forces that, without ceasing for one day, at the necessary speed and in the necessary quantity to show and, above all to produce, cards according to Doman.
A in practice turns out, as a rule, just the opposite. And the reasons to it happen much.
In - the first, all children different. One kid can on ten in day watch cards with different pictures, words and points. And to other child happens very difficult to sit still even several seconds, and especially somewhere is concentrated to look.One more reason - to many parents is not enough for
initial enthusiasm, they begin to skip classes: there is a lot of them, and and to care of the child it is even more chores. And if to consider that it is necessary to prepare all material, necessary for occupations, in advance, there will be no time left even on cleaning teeth, and it is possible just to forget about visit of theater or art gallery... Parents feel guilty to the child, try to restore the necessary rate and volume of occupations and as a result again are tired, skip classes and throw absolutely.
It is frequent in a family where not one grows, but two are three children, parents try to provide to each of children necessary for them on age loading according to Doman, and then forces are enough for a smaller term.
in the course of occupations a weight more of questions on which we did not manage to find the answer in Doman`s books arises:how exactly to show to
- cards - as it is better to hold them how at this time to sit, where to put the child what to do if it we face to you, but not on cards, with what speed to show to
- cards if the child turns away or, on the contrary, wants to consider better the picture how often to change cards, each child has all - the rate of development of material, and each parent has the rate of production of cards, whether
- is possible all - to come back to already passed to cards without adding the new text, if the child very small, it in a month will forget “fulfilled“ cards,
- how to organize the day, proceeding from all recommendations of the author of a technique,
- when and how to play with the child, trained by this technique, whether
- is possible to give cards to the child in hands if is possible, then how and when,
- what to do if the child wants to watch, but does not want to listen to “clever words“ of “the program of development of intelligence“ whether to
- it is obligatory to do all cards of the size specified in the book (unreasonable) and whether it is obligatory to glue everything on pieces of cardboard of the same size (there is no strong wish to glue the tiny picture on an enormous piece of cardboard - it is a pity for money)...
After a huge number of the problems which arose in the course of occupations or their preparation or at all from unwillingness to be let in such unreasonable and difficult to achieve works, a question of that, to give or not to give to the child this most “encyclopedic knowledge“, many parents, at all respect for Doman`s works, in most cases decides negatively.
Needs only to hope that as - nibud it will turn out by itself - we will read to the child of the book, it will go as a result to school, at last, there he to everything will be taught.
But the child`s brain intensively grows and develops in the first years of life.... Without loading the child`s brain with “work“, we miss time! What to do if it is impossible to be engaged according to Doman? Or it turns out, but partially?
“Right brain“ or why at them it turns out...the training Subject on the right brain which takes minds of teachers of the whole world now is at the moment best of all developed by
on the lake of Taiwan and in Japan. There are many hundreds of schools which provide the training in the principles unusual from our traditional point of view.
Two words about an essence vospriyaTia of each of hemispheres. It is the book for parents, and, most likely, here you should not describe detailed conclusions of neurophysiologists, but too it is quite good to parents to imagine the main stunning ideas.by
practically at 80% of a world`s population developed Now the left brain (language, logical thinking) better, besides education is focused on studying of language, mathematics, the analysis, logic. Practically we ignore art, music, creativity, development of imagination (the right brain is responsible for it). At this approach the left hemisphere develops more and more, and right, figuratively speaking to a certain extent will atrophy from - for non-uses.is shorter than
, the left hemisphere - analyzes and displays on shelves. The stock of his memory is limited, at surplus information “superfluous“ is erased. Unlike left, the right hemisphere stores an infinite number of information, but fixation by its right hemisphere begins when performing certain conditions: submission of information in the small portions, very quickly, good mood, inclusion of imagination, in game, without hint on pressure. In these conditions we as if “lull“ the left hemisphere, and only at these moments there is the real, productive study.
In the eighties the Japanese scientific doctor Shichida published work on the theory of training of the right brain (there it was told about training of intuition, to new approach to learning of foreign languages, about high-speed reading, ability in a flash to solve mathematical problems - that is all abilities which are based in the right half of a brain).
Doctor Shichida proved that the most effective is mechanical, fast “browsing“ of cards with information: it does not demand understanding, and often and a prochityvaniye aloud. But the insufficient speed of demonstration of cards interrupts process of storing of information with the right brain. Doctor Shichida considers that ideal storing of information the right brain happens in three years, but gradually this opportunity is reduced and by six years already left half of a brain gets “the best“. It does not mean that after six the former high-speed system of “storing“ is impossible, but it demands application of specially developed techniques of a relaxation of the pupil.Some authors advise
to avoid the term “right brain“, and to call it “image brain“ that we would call the zone of a brain responsible for a photographic memory. And enormous significance is attached to development of this photographic memory. Because she trains rather easily, and doctor Shichida considers that this ability to mentally photograph series of images, is not only way to make active and develop the right creative half of a brain, but also an opportunity to get to “a subconsciousness kingdom“.
several stages of this training of a photographic memory Exist: generally it is different degrees of a reconstruction in memory of what was seen therefore children learn to see a picture or the text entirely, in color and here all details.
And so, Doman`s system is the study in many respects calculated on perception of “the right brain“. But Daman came to it by practical consideration.
I to achieve progress in training of the child by a technique Glen Doman as it seems to us, it is possible only in case to implement all his recommendations thoroughly, with an accuracy of millimeter in sizes of each card. We, of course, cannot glance in a brain of the trained child and see how there is a process of training, storing, perception and systematization of information, but, probably, the trained child in the first weeks, and even months of occupations does not acquire information as we got used to do it, adult. And gradually gets used to such way to obtaining information. When a certain threshold is passed, the child got used that so many once a day show it monotonous cards, his brain in the course of the next occupation switches from logical perception of information to absolutely other way. And in it the moment information straight gets into the right brain, passing left - a logical hemisphere.
But as you understand, for accustoming to such way of obtaining information and for continuation of classes in this system, every day strictly on the mode the child has to watch cards of strictly established size at the same speed as yesterday and the day before yesterday etc. (read at Doman). That is, nothing has to change, it is impossible to skip classes or on a step to depart from recommendations of the author and only in this case, after several months, and even years of intense occupations everything will begin to be acquired. And to be acquired really with a tremendous speed and efficiency. And the child, really, will not only know a huge number of the facts from all branches of human knowledge, but also will be able to put the complete systematized world picture where all facts are interconnected with each other in the head.
of Mother which train the children in Philadelphia at the institute of Doman, mother obsessed with idea of training in this technique, are received by those - shaking - the results described in Doman`s books just because work strictly according to Doman. And if too you want to act through the right brain, it is necessary to have patience and to work, work, work... But experience shows that our simple Russian mother owing to a huge number of the reasons cannot master Glen Doman`s technique in full. That is, you should not even begin production and display of “Doman`s cards“ if you do not plan to do all in the necessary volume.
Probably, it is necessary to look for other options of development of a brain of the child, maintenance of the arising “dotted“ communications. It is necessary to look for other ways of acquaintance to world around, creations in the head of the child of a complete picture of the world.