On an ultrasonic wave of
For the first time to see the kid on the screen of the device of ultrasonic diagnostics - impression unforgettable! Especially if you person emotional... However, to understand in it is black - the white image independently, no comments the expert, not so - that is simple.
the First shots from life of the kid
Exactly thanks to ultrasonic waves which are not heard to people can be watched growth and development of the kid for all nine months of his life in mother. Appeared in 70 - x years of the last century the obstetric ekhografiya gradually became for doctors the commonplace, however future parents still treat it with extraordinary awe and wait for the first ultrasonography with joyful impatience and nervousness. As far as our child grew up? Whether all at it as it should be? Boy it or girl? Interestingly, it has same long legs, how at the father? And to whom it is similar? Some couples even ask a picture or video of ultrasonography to show the kid to all family! However do not wait that on the screen of the diagnostic device the picture will appear, as in the TV. During ultrasonic research you will be able to see flat is black - the white image which to decipher in power only to experts. So try to treat procedure quietly, first of all this medical examination during which the doctor has to understand whether your kid correctly grows and develops. whetherto
First try, then trust
It is worth trusting ekhografiya for all 100%? No, even despite the fact that the ultrasonic equipment is constantly improved and the image becomes more and more accurate. Of course, by means of ultrasonography the doctor can confirm or disseminate the fears, but make the final diagnosis possibly only after serious inspection. For this reason before sounding alarm, it is necessary to carry out repeated ultrasonography, sometimes with an interval in several days, and to pass additional researches, for example, on genetic diseases or various infections.
And still the ekhografiya is excellent help in work of doctors. In 1998, summing up the results of development of an obstetric ekhografiya in Europe, experts came to a conclusion that ultrasonography helps to reveal deviations in development of the child in 60% of cases, and serious defects - in 80% of cases. It is the main reason for which you should not neglect three ultrasonic researches (on 10, 20 and 30 - y weeks of pregnancy), they need to be done to any pregnant woman irrespective of the fact how she feels. Certainly, if there are complications, the doctor will appoint so much ultrasonography how many he will consider it necessary.As do to
- the Sensor is put on the woman`s stomach (a transabdominal way). If the term of pregnancy is less than 12 - 14 weeks, before inspection you should drink about 1 l of water that the bladder increased in sizes and “forced out“ a uterus from a small pelvis. On the eve of research of this kind you should not apply on a stomach creams from extensions. the Sensor is entered by
- into a vagina (a transvaginal way). Usually this examination is conducted on early terms of pregnancy (since 3 weeks when the germ already is in a uterus). Procedure is painless and allows to exclude extra-uterine pregnancy, to determine pregnancy term, to learn where future placenta - horion was attached and whether is not present at the child of malformations. Big plus of this procedure - lack of need to go for the first ultrasonography with a full bladder.
two-dimensional (2 - D) and three-dimensional (3 - D). Most often doctors are limited to supervision over the kid in two-dimensional measurement, especially if the ultrasonic equipment allows to receive the qualitative image. The three-dimensional ekhografiya exists about 10 years, but is applied quite seldom. Most often it is used for specification of already made diagnosis. Usually by means of three-dimensional ultrasonography check whether there are no deviations in formation of the person, backbone, hands or feet of the kid. Experience of the different countries
- In the majority of the countries of the world (including in Russia) during pregnancy experts recommend to carry out by
three ultrasonography. by
- Most developed system of ultrasonic supervision in Western Europe, and the English physicians became “pioneers“ of carrying out ultrasonography on 12 - y to week of pregnancy. Thanks to their works importance of research of occipital area of the head of the child was proved. by
- In the USA and Canada provides only one ultrasonography, on 18 - y to week of pregnancy. However some doctors consider that at this time to reveal one deviations already too late, and others - too early.
, will How qualitatively conduct ultrasonic research, depends on experience of the doctor, the equipment on which inspection, and the chosen moment becomes. Therefore you should not trust results of ultrasonography which took place in a “casual“ first-aid post (for example, in the subway) on the cheap equipment. Most likely, quality of such inspection will be mediocre, and results will in vain encourage or will upset you.be convinced by
before procedure that ultrasonography will be carried out by the professional. Track that the doctor found for you enough time: in the first trimester procedure lasts on average 10 minutes, in the second about half an hour can proceed. Do not ask too many questions to the doctor during survey, but be not afraid to ask it about what concerns you after the end of procedure. Think, it is better to ask several “silly“ questions, than to make the wrong idea of the events and to be nervous. But what to do if the doctor “did not see“ something? Most often it does not say that he is a nonprofessional. Can happen that the child settled down so that him it is badly visible (for example if it is too deeply, then heart is indistinctly looked through). Besides some personal features of the patient, for example type of a constitution or “inconveniently“ located placenta, complicate inspection, so, and influence its results.