Rus Articles Journal

Decorative honeysuckles of

Most of gardeners know a honeysuckle kaprifol and a honeysuckle Tatar, but there is a set of other its types, not less beautiful and simple in leaving. They perfectly blossom, are durable and easily breed. Among them there are both lianas, and huge bushes, and absolutely small bushes adapted for various conditions. At a decorative honeysuckle fruits are inedible.

Near an arch or a pergola, from sunny side of the house or around an arbor are landed by the curling honeysuckles.

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in culture the honeysuckle kaprifol is known (Lonicera caprifolium) Long ago - magnificently blossoming liana with large darkly - green leaves, it can climb a support on height to 5 m. The name “caprifol“ is translated from Latin as “a leaf for a goat“ - probably, from - for the fact that goats and chamoises wish to regale on her leaves. In the summer in June on a liana appear graceful kremovo - pink flowers. They get out of hand in the evening and in twilight extend surprisingly strong aroma, hardly notable in the afternoon. The captivating smell attracts moths (brazhnik), and they in passing pollinate flowers. There passes a little time, and flowers get pink in the beginning, and is yellow later - a brown shade. The darkened coloring serves as the warning signal for insects: to a deflowered liana you should not fly already.

the honeysuckle kaprifol not only Is elegant

in the summer, but also in the fall - its escapes decorate at this time is red - the orange berries which are settling down in couples in the middle of the leaves which grew together in the form of roundish disks.

is More thermophilic

, than a honeysuckle kaprifol, a honeysuckle curling (L. periclymenum). There is it from Western Europe and North Africa and often is called a honeysuckle German or Lithuanian. Large flowers of this plant are melliferous, they are visited willingly by bees. The grade of a honeysuckle of the curling Serotina with darkly - crimson dvukhguby flowers which decorate plants up to the middle of August is especially elegant. Collected in a cluster it is bright - red berries ripen on a liana not every year. Restoration of a plant after severe winter is possible at the expense of new prirost.

the Set of other grades of the honeysuckle curling better grow at

and blossom in the southern regions of Russia. At Grahm Thomas grade - yellow flowers with a narrow long tube, at Munster grade - it is bright - pink buds and is gentle - pink flowers with white streaks, at Harleguin grade - pink flowers with brightly - a cream border.

At good leaving the curling Brown`s (L. brownii) honeysuckle can please with blossoming of inhabitants of a midland. A sort this plant from North America, special decorative effect bright flowers with a long narrow tube and smooth an elliptic form give it green leaves. Unusually bright oranzhevo - red flowers at Dropmore Scarlet grade. For landing of a honeysuckle of Brown choose the solar place protected from cold winds. For the winter the plant is covered with fir-tree fir twigs or the fallen-down foliage.

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at the end of the 19th century to Russia from North America delivered a honeysuckle pokryvalny (L. involucrata). The bush is unpretentious, winter-hardy, blossoms and fructifies since three years. Well breeds and transfers shading. Dense krone of a high bush (to 3 m) and large it is dark - green leaves give to a plant a severe tidy look. The honeysuckle pokryvalny not so brightly as other honeysuckles, but the bush is very exotic in July when on it black brilliant berries ripen blossoms, and bracts get intensively - a purple shade.

It is similar to a honeysuckle a pokryvalny honeysuckle of Ledebur (L. ledebourii). A sort it too from North America, but not so a vysokorosla, its height is no more than 1,5 m. At this honeysuckle funnel-shaped are attractive not so much it is reddish - yellow flowers, how many bright cherry bracts remaining around black brilliant berries. Ledebur`s honeysuckle seldom meets in culture though this plant can become an unusual spot in a garden - among other bushes or in the rock aria - among stones.

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Exclusively shade-enduring, winter-hardy also quickly restore after a hairstyle a honeysuckle ordinary (L. xylosteum) - a usual plant of the coniferous and mixed woods of Russia. The honeysuckle ordinary at the end of May yellowish flowers during two - three weeks blossoms and it is better known as “wolf berry“, in July - August it is covered with poisonous red fruits.

the honeysuckle is also abroad popular

With many gardeners and in Russia Tatar (L. tatarica). It is appreciated plentiful blossoming even in the most adverse conditions. The natural area of this plant is in Russia. The Gustovetvisty bush reaches in height of 3 - 4 m and in May all is covered not really large (length of 2 cm) with fragrant flowers from white to intensively - pink coloring. Grades of a honeysuckle of the Tatar Grandiflora and Alba - with white flowers, Amold Red, Morgen Orange, Punica - with red flowers, Elegans - with the red flowers having darkly - pink strips are especially elegant.

Korolkov`s (L. korolkovii) honeysuckle is considered

of One of the most plentifully blossoming honeysuckles. In blossoming peak on its bushes from abundance it is gentle - pink flowers even leaves are not visible. A sort this honeysuckle with Tian - Shanya and Pamir. In culture meets seldom so far. Unlike a honeysuckle Tatar which is damaged by various diseases this look is steady both against wreckers and against diseases, is drought-resistant and winter-hardy.

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For landing in rock gardens is suitable the honeysuckle Alpine (L. alpigena) coming from Central and Southern Europe. The bush low (about 1,5 m), winter-hardy, shade-enduring, prefers to grow on limy sandy soils. It is well cut and is suitable for creation of a green hedge.

forms of a honeysuckle of the Alpine Nana and Macrophylla differ in

in Special decorative effect.

two European types of honeysuckles Are original

black fruits: black and Caucasian. The honeysuckle black (L. nigra) is from the mountain woods of Europe. The plant low (about 1,8 m), plentifully blossoms darkly - pink flowers. At a honeysuckle of Caucasian (L. caucasica) one-time - violet flowers, though not really large, but original at the expense of fanlikely expanded top part of a nimbus.

Are winter-hardy, unpretentious

, can grow in a penumbra and the decorative honeysuckles occurring from the Far East do not suffer from wreckers and diseases. These are Maak, Maksimovich, Shamisso, Ruprecht`s honeysuckles, golden.

it is difficult for p to confuse Maak`s (L. maackii) honeysuckle with other types. Bush high (to 4 m). Snowy - white flowers settle down on it equal ranks along escapes. Flowers large and fragrant, with a diameter up to 3 cm. At the end of August on a bush appear brightly - red berries which are eaten willingly by birds.

Maksimovich`s (L. maxomowiczii) honeysuckle Is decorative

not only during the periods of blossoming and fructification, but also after falling off of foliage, its branches are literally covered brightly - red brilliant berries.

Shamisso`s (L. chamissoi) honeysuckle Is suitable

for landings in a stony garden and creations of a low dense border. A bush undersized (height does not exceed 1 m), with spherical krone. Leaves are small, with a glaucescent shade. Flowers one-time - violet, fruits red.

Zolotisto`s

- tall bushes - Ruprecht`s (L. ruprechtiana) honeysuckle and a honeysuckle differ in yellow flowers golden (L. chrysantha). Flowers at these plants are melliferous and attract many insects. Korallovo - red berries decorate bushes in August and September. Surprisingly but the honeysuckles coming from Japan and China can grow even in Moscow. Morrou`s (L. morrowii) honeysuckle - a low bush (1,5 m) is from Japan. It is especially beautiful at the end of May: among dense it is dark - green foliage graceful white flowers with thin petals appear. It is elegant and in August when from branches orange hang down in couples and it is dark - red berries. In a garden for this plant the place at a reservoir or in the rock aria. From - for the fact that escapes long do not finish growth at a bush tops sometimes are frosted over.

Ferdinand`s (L. ferdinandi) honeysuckle Is suitable

for midland gardens. Height of its bushes - to 3 m. In July on the ends of young prirost reveal medium-sized faintly - yellow flowers, and in the middle of September ripen brightly - the red fruits which are hanging down in effective heavy clusters.

undersized Chinese honeysuckles Can winter in a midland under thickness of snow. The spread arc-shaped escapes of a honeysuckle of shapochny (L. pileata) rise over the earth only on 20 - 30 cm and are capable to take roots. The bush can be decoration of any Alpine hill.

it is Externally similar to a honeysuckle a shapochny honeysuckle brilliant (L. nitida), but this look is not winter-hardy and in a midland does not blossom.

Cultivation of a honeysuckle

the Optimum term of landing of ranotsvetushchy types of a honeysuckle - the end of summer (August) and fall (to the middle of October). Spring landing is suitable for views with late vegetation - Alpine, pokryvalny, Maaka, fine-leaved. Landing of plants with the closed root system is carried out to any period from spring to fall. The honeysuckle well grows on any soils, but develops on friable and better trained. For landing too dry and low sites are considered unsuitable. Before landing on poor soils introduce organic fertilizers, add sand and peat to loams. The landing hole for three-year bushes is prepared by depth by 25 - 30 cm and with a diameter of 25 cm, for five - seven-year bushes - depth and with a diameter of 50 cm. It is good to place bushes in the form of a green hedge on edge of a site at distance from each other of 1,5 - 2 m

Everyone two - three years in the fall (after a leaf fall) or in the early spring (in March) carry out rejuvenation and thinning of bushes. For this purpose cut out small and old branches, leaving no more than five powerful stvolik. During gradual removal of the central part of krone with the growing old tops new poroslevy escapes begin to be formed.

to Bushes is more senior than six - seven-year age sanitary cutting - removal of the patients who are broken off, the dried-up branches is required. First of all cut out dry escapes and branches of the lower shaded tier which polegat on the soil and prevent care of a bush.

it is simple to p to Make multiple copies a honeysuckle shanks, layers or division of a bush. Any of ways of reproduction completely keeps high-quality signs.

Green shanks cut

from a middle part of escape, it is desirable with two couples of leaves. Optimum length of a shank - from 7 to 12 cm. The top cut of a shank is done to straight lines, having receded from kidneys on 1 - 1,5 cm, the lower cut - slanting, with a tilt angle the 45th hail. Sheet plates from the lower knots completely cut off, from top - cut off more than half. Put shanks in the soil mix consisting of peat and sand in the ratio 1:3. Before landing the lower ends of shanks powder a biostimulator Kornevin. Put shanks obliquely at an angle of 45 degrees. Easily breed green shanks of a honeysuckle black, ordinary, Tatar, Ruprecht, Korolkov, Shamisso. Summer green shanks of honeysuckles Alpine and Maaka take roots hardly.