Rus Articles Journal

Hamsters and hamsters of

B 1839 the English zoologist Uoterkhauz caught in one of the Syrian deserts of a small hamster: it is twice less than rat. To him nobody ever saw such hamster. However later nobody managed to meet fellows of the caught small animal. And suddenly, almost hundred years later, small animals who were already considered as died out were found in Syria. They were brought to London. They quickly accustomed to bondage, began to breed. Now they are called differently: Syrian and, golden hamsters or just hamsters, but the scientific name of small animals - West Asian hamsters. They are found in Forward Asia, on the Balkans, in Turkey and Iran, in foothill steppe landscapes and meadow steppes.

Not less known Asian hamsters live in semi-deserts and steppes of Central Asia, Southern Siberia and Severo - East Kazakhstan. And Roborovsky`s hamsters - in deserts in the south of Tuva, the Zaysansky hollow, Central Asia.

krysovidny hamsters settle In river valleys and on plains of Primorye, Korea and China marshy, overgrown with bushes. They live and on fields. And mouse-like hamsters prefer mountains. They can be met in the Southern Turkmenistan, on Hugo - the East of Transcaucasia, in Afghanistan and Iran - where in mountains there are semidesertic sites with exits of rocks and stony scatterings.

If could be constructed all these hamsters in a row on growth, then the krysovidny hamster - it about a rat would be the first. Behind it there would be a West Asian hamster, dzhungarsky and mouse-like hamsters, and Roborovsky`s hamster - it less mouse would be the last.

To whom krysovidny and mouse-like hamsters are similar

, I think, clearly. At both small animals long tails. But on a tail of a krysovidny hamster it is gray - brown hairs rare, a tip its white. And on a tail of a mouse-like hamster a thick hair, from above burovato - sandy, from below white. On the end of a tail a narrow brush, “whisk“. At burovato - gray with a black strip on a back of Asian hamsters and one-time - pale-yellow hamsters of Roborovsky tails short, and fur coats - from dense fur. The same fur at them on soles of back pads why call small animals rough legged.

West Asian hamsters, too with short tails, having been in bondage, carry steel not only zolotisto - korich to not Vyya fur coats, but also gray, and white with spots. And some of them became very fluffy, long-haired. But whatever were fur coats at hamsters and hamsters, small animals never leave far from the houses protecting them from cold and a heat, solar radiation and strong wind, a rain, snow and, of course, from enemies.

the Fast and quick mouse-like hamsters who are perfectly climbing stones and narrow cracks suit to

holes in cracks and emptiness among stones. Roborovsky`s hamsters dig out holes in sand. Houses of Asian and other hamsters are underground. And the most skillful builder - a krysovidny hamster. It digs holes with difficult system of underpasses and a bedroom at a one-and-a-half-meter depth.

For little small animals winter - a heartrending experience. Therefore hamsters and hamsters begin to prepare for it in good time. By fall they get fat. At West Asian hamsters the more cold, the more fat appears around a neck and a breast. Fat - both the power supply, and a security measure from cold.

But fat fat, and it is useful to prepare food for the future too. In the fall hamsters and hamsters become very uneasy, they fill with products the storerooms. The Krysovidny hamster for September and October manages to collect sometimes ten kilograms of seeds of different herbs and cultural plants.

In November with the first frosts, still before snow for a long time will lay down on the earth, krysovidny hamsters hammer entrances to the houses with earth traffic jams from within and isolate themselves from the outside world. They do not fall into hibernation. Also Asian hamsters do not sleep. It is more than that, they get out from the houses. At Asian hamsters who live in places where snow drops out in the winter in November or December almost all fur coat becomes white. In such fur coat it is more difficult to notice a hamster who runs to the storeroom to the enemy.

the West Asian hamsters living in natural habitats sleep in the winter. But the cultivated small animals if fluctuations of temperature in the apartment do not exceed 3 - 4 degrees, do not fall into hibernation.

Asian hamsters, as well as Roborovsky`s hamsters, can live in the cages intended for mice or in others, but it is obligatory with frequent rods, or in a big terrarium in which the conditions close to natural are created. Put a hay layer on half of the dwelling of Asian hamsters (replacement - sawdust). On a bottom of a terrarium in which Roborovsky`s hamsters have to lodge fill sand a layer two - three centimeters, put several stones, hay, a moss and small branches. Any cage can become the house for a West Asian hamster, or a golden hamster: metal, wooden, from plastic or layered plastic. Its minimum sizes: length - 30, width - 25, height - 18 centimeters. However it is better to keep a small animal in more spacious cage: 90 × 40 × 40 centimeters. The matter is that golden hamsters are inclined to obesity. As a result they break a metabolism, the organism resilience to diseases decreases. And in a spacious cage it is possible to put a small ladder that the small animal could climb up it the platform made above or the second floor of the house and go down. It is possible to establish also a “squirrel“ wheel in which the small animal will begin to run willingly, overcoming per day distance in several hundreds of meters.

In a cage of a golden hamster, as well as all other hamsters. Put hay or small wood shaving, sawdust on a bottom of a cage. It is necessary to change a laying at least two times a week.

As hamsters are awake at night, and sleep in the afternoon, it is necessary to feed them in the late afternoon, once a day. The golden hamster has to eat about 15 grams of seeds (oats, wheat, rice, peas, seeds of sunflower, hemp, pumpkin) and not less than 10 - 15 grams of vegetables (carrots, beet, cabbage), about 5 grams of white or gray loaf.

White loaf is given to both Asian hamsters, and Roborovsky`s hamsters. And except it - seeds of wild-growing plants which prepare in the summer, millet, a canary seed, sunflower seeds, oat flakes. In the summer - bugs, grasshoppers.

fresh greens are obligatory for

For the most different hamsters: salad, spinach, leaves of a dandelion, beet, peas, clover, lucerne, young grass of cereals. Well small animals of berry, and also fruit, fresh and dried eat. Every other day - two hamsters should milk, dried gammarus (fresh-water crustaceans with whom feed fishes), boiled meat, small cut egg. Besides, salt (0,2 grams - to adult golden hamsters, 0,1 - to young people) and cod-liver oil (0,1 and 0,05 grams - to adults and young people respectively). The piece of chalk has to lie in dwellings of hamsters of different types. In a drinking bowl always there has to be fresh water.

Oats, wheat and peas (the whole grains) needs to fill in

with water of room temperature and to leave for days in bank. Then grains wash out and clean in the refrigerator. In a soaked look small animals eat these forages more willingly. Seeds of hemp, sunflower and bread should be given one - two times a week: that obesity did not develop. It is possible to feed with peas more often. Pieces do not carry the dried-up corn from a cage: small animals gnaw them and grind off teeth.

in the Winter in a small box couch oats. When it reaches height of 8 - 10 centimeters, it is pulled out together with roots, washed and given to hamsters. It is useful to give to small animals and pieces of young branches of an aspen or a willow, is not thicker than 1 centimeter which bark contains a microcell cobalt. It is possible to put young branches of an apple-tree, mountain ash, a hazel grove in a cage.

Stocks in storerooms of hamsters should be examined periodically, deteriorated to throw out, to return the others into place. Small animals feel in bondage better when their natural habits are not broken.


of golden hamsters become adults when they are 30 days old. However it is better for them to get cubs at two-month age. At this time a samochka also place to a male: in the house he feels more surely. As the first acquaintance can begin with a fight, it is necessary to watch hamsters. A fight sometimes comes to an end with death of one of small animals. To be sure completely that the samochka will not attack a male, their cages previously it is necessary to pull together or partition off a cage of a male the metal gauze. If the samochka begins to sniff at a male through cells of a grid or rods of a cage, to nestle on him, the barrier is cleaned. In several days after pregnancy approach the samochka ceases to admit to itself a male. Having noticed it, it is returned at once in own cage.

Pregnancy at golden hamsters lasts usually 16 - 18 days, sometimes - 20 - 22 days. The first time the samochka gives birth to 4 or 5 cubs, but then it can have 8 - 10 and even 16 cubs. She feeds them with milk from 21 to 25 days.

should handle With a pregnant samochka exclusively with care, whenever possible to avoid sharp fluctuations of temperature in the room, an extraneous noise. The been born cubs cannot be touched.

during pregnancy and after it to a samochka should milk, meat or gammarus. In its cage there have to be constantly spongy bones.

the Ordinary hamster reaches
in length of 240 - 320 mm. Body top at it zheltovato - or ryzhevato - brown, a breast and a stomach black, on a cheek, a shoulder and a side three big light spots. Unlike a hamster the majority of species of hamsters very small small animals: of the size of a mouse (70 - 83 mm) or is slightly larger (96 - 128 mm).

of Asian hamsters, the male and a samochka, is not separated. If the samochka remains one, it grows up much less cubs.

That Roborovsky`s hamsters successfully bred, a lot of forages of an animal origin are necessary for them. Besides, small animals should be disturbed as little as possible. Cubs are separated from parents when they become independent or after birth of their younger brothers and sisters.