Rus Articles Journal

Poisonings with poisonous plants of

occur Among thousands of herbs poisonous herbs which quite often skillfully mask under the quite harmless fellows. It is very important to be able to distinguish poisonous plants and, of course, the nobility how to work in case poisoning all - occurred.

Henbane black. Some poisonous plants synthesize biologically active connections - alkaloids. Them in strictly certain doses are used as medicines. Such plant is the henbane which is used for treatment of patients since ancient times. But in high doses the henbane can cause poisoning.

the Henbane - a grassy plant of family solanaceous 30 - 60 cm high. The straight line stalk trimmed soft ferruterous hairs. Leaves are next, it is extended - disgraced, vyemchatozubchaty. Radical leaves - petiolar. Flowers are collected on tops of stalks, large and have dirty - yellow with darkly - violet veins a nimbus. A fruit - boxes with small burovato - gray seeds.


the henbane on weed places, on kitchen gardens, gardens, roadsides of roads Grows. Wild-growing plants for the medical purposes are not prepared. All parts of a plant contain poisonous alkaloids of group of atropine. Seeds also contain a bitter glycoside, pitches, fat oils. Seeds, the nice to the taste and reminding poppy seeds, most often cause poisonings.

First symptoms of poisoning is expansion of pupils, dizziness, face reddening, the excessive excitement which is followed by nonsense and hallucinations.

of Milestones poisonous. the Most poisonous plant which meets in a zone of Non-Black Earth Region - milestones poisonous, or omegas water, a tsikuta. This perennial grassy plant from family umbrella with a smooth branchy stalk up to 1,5 m high. Leaves twice or three times peristorazdelny, with uzkolantsetny, ostropilchaty shares. Flowers white, small, are collected in a difficult umbrella, a rhizome large, short, by the form reminds a swede or turnip, but unlike them on a rhizome section a milestone of poisonous there are partitions forming cavities. Roots are juicy, up to 4 - 5 mm thick. Rhizomes and roots have sweetish taste.

Grows at

milestones poisonous on damp and crude meadows, on coast of the marshy rivers, ditches, streams, suburbs of bogs and even in water. All parts of a plant are poisonous. Poisonous properties remain also in the dried-up look. Big danger to the person and animals is represented by rhizomes which are especially toxic in the spring. They contain toxic agent tsikutotoksin. Most often poisonings happen in the spring during a high water when large and juicy rhizomes are easily got and washed away by water from coastal habitats of plants.

After hit of parts of a plant, in particular rhizomes, poisoning with the following signs quickly develops in a human body: sweetish, then bitterish taste in a mouth, belly-ache, a salivation, vomiting, disorder of breath and blood circulation, nonsense, spasms. The death from respiratory standstill can be caused by paralysis of the respiratory center.

Wolf bast. Strongly branchy bush from family of yagodkovy. Branches its prutyevidny, with the gray bark covered with small, brown spots. Leaves are next, prodolgovato - lantsetny, are collected on the ends of branches. From above leaves sinevato - green, from below - glaucescent. Flowers to a chetyrekhla - pestkovy, pink or white, fragrant, sitting on each side branches in bosoms of leaves. A fruit - berry juicy, it is bright - red, sometimes yellow; grow directly on a stalk.

All parts of a plant are poisonous

. They contain toxic agent - dafnin. Bark and juice of a plant, and also the berries attracting with the bright coloring are especially poisonous. Even it is dangerous to touch a plant, it cannot be touched at all as at contact with a plant on skin of the person there is an irritation, an inflammation, there are bubbles and is long not healing ulcers. Poisoning with a wolf bast can also arise at the use of berries, most often children who are tempted with their beautiful appearance. At poisoning there is a salivation, stomach pains, vomiting, dizziness and spasms.

Vorony eye. the Perennial grassy plant from family of lileyny. The stalk is upright, 20 - 30 cm high and has four obratnoyaytsevidny leaves located a cross - crosswise. The rhizome is creeping, long, thin. Zelenovato - a yellow flower grows up in the top part of a stalk. Blossoms in May - June. The fruit is formed of a flower in July - August - it is black - blue large berry. On ignorance it is taken sometimes for bilberry or blueberry. Grows on the damp soil, in the mixed and coniferous forests, among bushes, in shady places.

All plant is very poisonous

, especially there is a lot of poison in spherical berries. At poisoning with berries there is nausea, vomiting, belly-aches.

of Cheremits Lobel. the High grassy perennial plant from family lileyny up to 2 m high. Stalk thick and direct. Leaves are next, elliptic, wholly - extreme and naked. Flowers greenish, ordinary-looking, form on a plant top a long inflorescence - a whisk. Blossoms in June - August. All parts of a chemeritsa contain poisonous alkaloids. The greatest toxicity of a chemeritsa is shown in the early spring at the time of growth of a stalk and leaves. Chemeritsa, growing on pastures, it is dangerous also to cattle which often has poisonings when eating young and juicy greens of this plant.

irritates with Chemerits`s

mucous membranes of a nose, an oral cavity, a throat, causes strong sneezing. At poisoning burning in a mouth, a salivation, vomiting, belly-aches, a diarrhea, breath oppression is observed.

First aid at poisoning

If poisoning with poisonous plants nevertheless occurred, then first of all it is necessary to remove urgently poison from an organism and to slow down its absorption. First of all it is necessary to cause vomiting, irritating a root of language and to give to the victim inside a large amount (4 - 5 glasses) of the warm added some salt water. Also permanganate potassium solution for washing of a stomach is recommended for the purpose of oxidation of poisonous products.


to Reduction of absorption of poisons is promoted by reception of a suspension of absorbent carbon - a karbolen. For this purpose several tablets crush, mix with water and allow to drink to the victim. It is desirable to make a cleaning enema. At a touch to a poisonous plant hands or a body it is necessary to wash an affected area several times water with soap or solution of potassium of permanganate. Injured immediately it is necessary to bring to medical institution for rendering the qualified medical care.