Food from a small bottle. Let`s organize artificial feeding of
Breast milk - the best food for the child of the first year of life. But there are situations when natural feeding is impossible and it is necessary to replace mother`s milk with the adapted mixes. How privilno to organize this process?Types of mixes
the Artificial adapted mixes are made by
in the industrial way on the basis of cow`s milk taking into account physiological needs of the baby. Modern technologies allow to bring closer composition of artificial mixes to structure of breast milk as much as possible. They are balanced on fats, proteins, carbohydrates, enriched with the vitamins, minerals, nucleotides necessary for the correct development of the kid. Therefore they are also called adapted, that is as close as possible to breast milk.
are Distinguished by the adapted dairy mixes and medical mixes for food of children. The adapted mixes which are used for feeding of children differ depending on age of the child. There are mixes for children since the birth to 6 months (the first formula) and from 6 to 12 months (the second formula). Such difference is explained by various food needs of children till 6 months and after this age. Children have up to 6 months above than the speed of exchange processes, they grow more intensively, respectively, they need more feedstuffs (protein, fats, carbohydrates) on kilogram of body weight. So-called subsequent mixes are also developed for children 1 years are more senior. At children on the second year of life the need for one or two dairy feedings remains - then use these mixes.the Adapted mixes share
on fresh and sour-milk. In fresh mixes use native (being in a natural state, not modified) protein of cow`s milk, and in acidified milk formulas stvorazhivat this protein by addition of special ferment. Begin feedings always with fresh mixes, acidified milk formulas enter later, not earlier than 2 - 3 - go month of life as they have more acidic environment and can provoke vomiting and irritations of intestines.Medical mixes
Besides the usual adapted mixes which are used at healthy children as replacement of maternal milk are developed by
the special mixes possessing medicinal properties. They not only are food, but also can korrigirovat some pathological states, allowing to avoid (or to reduce) reception of medicines that is extremely important for the child.
Types of medical mixes:
- of mix for premature children;
- of mix, applied at digestion violation;
- hypoallergenic mixes;
- of mix on the basis of proteins of goat milk or soy;
of Mix for premature children. They are developed especially for the children who were born before term or childbirth, unripe by the time of approach. Such children have differences in work of all systems, including digestive. They acquire worse and digest food, at them the need for proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals is higher. All these features are considered when developing mix. Usually mixes for premature children have in the name a prefix to a pra - (“Pre - Hipp“, “PRENAN“, “Prenutrilon“). They recommend to feed the child before achievement of a certain weight (usually 4 - 4,5 kg).
of Mix, applied at digestion violation. developed special mixes which can be applied at locks, vomiting, intestinal gripes, to prevention of disbioz of intestines (violation of formation of microflora).
of Mix, applied at locks and vomiting, prepare with application of a gluten of a carob tree therefore they are more dense.by
At intestinal gripes mixes with lower content of lactose - carbohydrate which can cause the increased gas generation can be applied. There are also delactosed mixes, but it is possible to apply them at the proved laktazny insufficiency (lack of the enzyme digesting dairy sugar - lactose). In other cases it is better to use nizkolaktozny mixes as lactose is necessary for the correct functioning of intestines.
to the Children suffering from violation of formation of intestinal microflora are appointed by the mixes enriched bifido - and lactobacilli.
Hypoallergenic mixes. large molecules possess Allergenic activity, in mixes they are generally presented by a proteinaceous component. In hypoallergenic mixes proteinaceous molecules are specially split in such a way that they lose the allergenic properties. Hypoallergenic mixes are appointed to children for prevention of food allergy. If the child at introduction of the usual adapted mix had an allergic reaction or someone in a family (parents or the senior children) has food allergy, then the kid is recommended to be fed with hypoallergenic mix.
of Mix on the basis of proteins of goat milk or soy. If the child has a proved allergy to proteins of cow`s milk, then the use even of hypoallergenic mixes leads to development of an allergy. Then the child is fed with the mixes prepared on the basis of proteins of goat milk or soy. They differ from the usual adapted mixes in generally proteinaceous component.
of Gidrolizatora. It is medical mixes in which all food components are split (are hydrolyzed) to such state that they can be soaked up, that is these mixes practically do not demand participation of digestive enzymes. They are applied at difficult operations on zheludochno - an intestinal path, at heavy food allergy, at serious diseases of intestines. They possess bitter taste and a pungent smell, but are easily acquired, without loading zheludochno - an intestinal path.
Though medical mixes are also food, only the pediatrician who observes the child has to appoint them. The correct selection of mix for feeding - process difficult and gradual.
How to prepare mix
of Mix happen instantny (demanding cultivation in water) and liquid, ready to the use. Liquid mixes are usually packed into packages of small volume which are opened just before the use and after opening no more days are stored in the refrigerator. Mix from a package is poured in a small bottle, warmed up up to the temperature of 37 º With also feed the kid. Dry mixes part just before feeding. For cultivation of mix it is possible to use the boiled filtered or special children`s water. It is warmed up up to the temperature of 37 º With, pour in a pure small bottle and fill necessary amount of mix; the proportion is specified on bank with mix. Usually on 30 ml of water 1 measured spoon of mix is required, but there can be exceptions. The recommendations about proportions specified on bank with mix should be observed strictly that mix turned out the necessary concentration. At a smaller saturation the child will be hungry, big - is dangerous by violation of work of kidneys and zheludochno - an intestinal path.
the Small bottle is closed, stirred up, wait until dry powder is dissolved, and feed the child. Long it is not recommended to store the divorced mix. Until mix cooled down, it can be used, the repeated heating of mix is undesirable.If the kid eats
at night (and it is needs of nature of children 1 - go years of life), then it is undesirable to prepare mix since evening. It is better to pour in a thermos of water of necessary temperature in advance (37 - 38 º C), and it is simple to pour it in a small bottle at night and to add mix.
When you give mix to the child, the small bottle needs to be held so that the pacifier was completely filled with liquid, otherwise air will get into a stomach of the kid that will provoke gripes.
we Warm mixit is possible to Warm up mix in special thermostats for heating of small bottles where the necessary temperature is set, or having placed a small bottle with mix under hot water. Before offering the child food, it is necessary to check extent of heating of mix not to burn the kid. For this purpose drip to yourself on an internal surface of a forearm several drops of mix. Mix has to be warm, but is not hotter. If the child did not eat all volume, then the reuse of mix is not allowed.
How many the kid eats?
When the child is on natural feeding, he is fed “on demand“ when the child gets hungry, at the same time the volume of the drunk breast milk can vary. At artificial feeding mother has to know how many mixes to prepare for the kid.
several ways of calculation of volume of food for the baby Exist. The most exact - calculation on the child`s weight, but not on age as children of one age can have different weight, and respectively, and stomach volume.
Rather easy way of calculation of food depending on weight is volume. The daily volume of food of the child from 2 weeks to 2 months makes 1/5 from the mass of his body; from 2 to 4 months - 1/6 from body weight; from 4 to 6 months - 1/7; from 6 to 12 months - 1/8 from body weight.Children of the first 3 months usually eat
7 - 8 times a day, from 3 to 6 months - 6 - 7 times, and 6 months - 5 times a day are more senior. The calculated daily volume of food should be divided into the number of meals - and you receive the volume of one feeding. For example, the child at the age of 1,5 months weighs 4,5 kg, is 1/5 from 4,5 kg 900 g. Means, the daily volume of food will make 900 ml. If the child eats 7 times, then the volume of one feeding is equal to 130 ml.by
to Children of the first 10 days of life the volume of one feeding can approximately be calculated on a formula n x 10 where n - days of life of the child. For example, if the child is 7 days old, then 7 multiply on 10 and we receive 70 ml - so much mix is necessary for the child in one feeding.
But all given ways suit only healthy full-term children. These are the general principles of calculation, but children are individual. Someone can demand slightly more in comparison with calculated, someone - is slightly less. Mother should watch attentively behavior of the kid after feeding: it will help it to understand whether the child of food suffices.
If the kid worries, does not give a small bottle when she already empty, or begins to wake up earlier, without waiting for time of the following feeding, then, most likely, mix to it is not enough. Also it is necessary to increase feeding volume, but to do it it is possible only after consultation with the doctor. In - the first, not only wrong (insufficient or superfluous) food can be the cause of concern of the child, and in - the second, independently increasing mix volume, you risk to overfeed the kid. At the excessive volume of food the child can leave mix in a small bottle or is plentiful belch after feeding. whether
needs to dopaivat the child?
to the Children who are on artificial feeding needs to suggest water - to be dopaivat. It is caused by the fact that the child needs to fill water-supplies which he spends in the course of activity. This quantity can be various depending on humidity, air temperature, activity of the child. Not always it is enough water which is contained in mix to cover these losses. For a dopaivaniye use the special bottled nursery or the boiled filtered water. Usually water is poured in a small bottle and store it at the room temperature, offering the kid in breaks between feedings as stomach volume at the small child is limited and if to give to drink him before feeding, then he will be able to eat less mix.
Approximate volume, drunk during a day of water is equal to the volume of one feeding. That is, if the kid eats 120 ml of 7 times a day, then per day he can drink about 120 ml of water. This volume of water is distributed evenly within a day. There is nothing terrible if the kid refuses water: means, it has enough liquid which he receives with mix.Ware for the baby
Feeding of the child is carried out by
from a small bottle with a pacifier. There are nipples of various forms and the sizes, with an adjustable speed of a stream of mix. For the newborn child nipples of the smallest size and with the minimum speed of a stream are used. Liquid should not follow from a pacifier, and slowly drip. The kid needs at least 2 small bottles (with a pacifier) for feeding by mix and one small bottle (too with a pacifier) for water.
of the Pacifier, as well as a small bottle, it is necessary to wash and sterilize after feeding. During washing it is necessary to sort a small bottle - to turn off a cover and it is obligatory to take out a pacifier as between a cover and a pacifier there is a mix which is a fine nutrient medium for reproduction of pathogenic bacteria. For washing special brushes and detergents are used. Sterilization is carried out in special sterilizers. If there is no sterilizer, then small bottles and nipples need to be lowered in the boiling water for 3 - 5 minutes. After sterilization of a small bottle and a pacifier have to be stored in the closed capacity (ware) in a dry form.