Tactics of a campaign with children of
When you already chose the area of travel, prepared a route, brought together group of adherents who are ready to go together with the children for this “adventure“, it is necessary to think of tactics which should adhere to carry out the conceived travel after which you and with your children have to have only good impressions of time spent in a campaign.
First of all, it is necessary to specify what includes the concept “tactics of a campaign with children“. In the theory of sports tourism, tactics of a campaign is all complex of tasks, decisions, methods and the funds of their achievement allocated for successful and safe passing of a route. In other words, and in relation to campaigns with children, it:
- the choice of the correct order and the schedule on a route;
- definition of the day mode of group;
- safety in a campaign with children;
- informative elements in a campaign;
- organization of children`s leisure.
the Order and the schedule in a campaign
In a pedestrian or mountain campaign before a start of motion of group are appointed from adults conducting and closing, children go always between adults or together with adults. It is impossible to allow children to go ahead - the child with not heavy backpack (or in general without backpack) can sometimes leave easily forward from slowly (and it is boring) the going main group and you will not be able to follow where it curtailed and where went. The leader has to know precisely when or where he has to stop for the next rest or the choice of a parking lot. At an opportunity the leader has to look back to see how there is all group and if necessary to stop to wait for lagging behind. Closing under no circumstances should not reserve lagging behind (or curtailed for a bush) children and adults, and at strong lag has to give a sign - to shout or whistle (the whistle should be taken from the house) that leaders stopped and waited.with
Since in a hike more children are tired by not process of movement, but monotony and monotony of this movement, it is necessary to plan incontinuous transitions for 25 - 30 minutes with the subsequent stops for 10 - 20 minutes for short having a snack (having a snack should be put in an apportion), surveys of interesting places and supervision of the nature.
In a cycle campaign if children go by bicycles, an order of the movement as well as in a hike. If the route partially passes along federal or regional roads, it is necessary to move only on roadsides of roads, it is a little heavier, but it is much safer. On the road on which seldom there go cars it is obligatory to watch that children never left on the middle of the road and to explain that it is possible to go only on the right side.Having a snack in a cycle campaign can be arranged to
less often - in 30 - 40 minutes of the movement - process of driving the bicycle usually is pleasant to children, and they get tired to a lesser extent.the crew of the first kayak (or other vessel) has to know
In a water hike accurately when and where it has to stop to wait all group. It is better to agree about it before an exit since from - for noise of water at the movement of the vessel it is difficult to make itself heard to ahead the going kayak even if it is in visible proximity.
If on the river simple obstacles on which there can theoretically be an accident, before them or (if the crew is confident in successful passing) behind them meet, it is necessary to stop and secure passing of the following vessel.
Before difficult obstacles all group for joint survey of an obstacle, the organization of passing, an insurance or an obnos has to gather. If the decision is made that children bypass an obstacle on the coast, it is necessary to carry out investigation of pass along the coast to the meeting place and to appoint adults who will go on the coast with children. When passing lakes and reservoirs the group should not stretch, vessels have to go in close proximity in case of need to give help. In windy weather when on open reservoirs the big wave can rise, it is better to refuse absolutely the movement or to move ahead in close proximity to the coastline. Do not forget that the child does nothing in a kayak usually and it can quickly bother him. Try to do transitions no more than 30 - 40 minutes, doing stops that children could warm up and have a bite ashore, pure running time in a day should not exceed 4 hours. Do not forget to entertain during the movement the child interesting stories, fairy tales and stories.
the Day mode
the Mode of every day of a campaign depends on a type of a campaign (water, pedestrian etc.) age of children, area of travel, weather conditions and other factors.Anyway the day regimen (rise, a breakfast, a lunch, a dinner, a dream) should not differ in
from to what children got used at home strongly.
As a rule, the greatest losses of time in a campaign happen to children during morning collecting. Try to think over an order of your actions in the morning during collecting in advance. Attract children in assistants when collecting camp, packing backpacks and preparation of a kayak. Time saved in the morning can be used then for games and other entertainments much more fruitfully.by
If at you planned full running day (not semi-day`s rest), to plan the place of a stop one lunch better in advance, but if you for any reasons lag behind the schedule, you should not seek to get on the planned place of a lunch, stop in any suitable place. Otherwise tired and hungry children can spoil to you mood until the end of day. In pedestrian and cycle campaigns for preparation of a lunch it is necessary to have at itself plastic bottles for water at the rate of 1 liter on the person. The water-supply can be filled up in the direction of travel if you are sure that you will pass with guarantee by the source of water suitable for cooking. Depending on a type of a campaign, structure of group, age and the number of children for hot lunch from 1,5 to 2,5 hours - if can leave more, it is worth thinking of organization of participants of a campaign.
Informative elements in a campaign
Preparing for a campaign, study the area in which there will pass your route:by
- its geological structure - as formed mountains, the rivers, glacial lakes, etc.;
- area history - what historical events happened on these lands;
- flora and fauna - what birds, animals and insects live in the woods (mountains) what fishes are found in the rivers what plants grow.
can be told and shown visually during a campaign, and it will be much more interesting and more informative, than reading the encyclopedia.
the Organization of children`s leisure
during the movement on a route when children are busy, and adults are vigilant, usually there are no states of emergency. Experience shows that the main number of incidents happens on day`s rests, having a snack, smoke breaks, etc. In a word, when children have nothing to be engaged, and their natural aspiration to knowledge of world around can turn back troubles. If in a campaign there is a person (rather responsible) which will show an initiative and will act for children as the organizer of any games, sorties on vicinities and other entertainments, it is strong (but not completely) will facilitate baby sitting. Actually such people meet infrequently therefore at a stage of preparation for a campaign it is necessary to think over what games, entertainments it will be possible to organize for children on halts and day`s rests.
Try to attract to a bowl them in the help at installation of camp, collecting brushwood to a fire, to organize fishing, gathering berries, mushrooms and another useful matters. > it is desirable for p to take
From the house small toys, souvenirs, gifts which can be handed as prizes for participation in games and competitions. It is important that they were enough for all, the main thing not a victory, but participation.
Here some games and occupations which can be carried out in a campaign.
- Search of a treasure (it is necessary to take from the house what will be a treasure, and also paper and felt-tip pens for drawing of the card of search of a treasure);
- Construction of a tent;
- Towns - to saw sticks for construction of figures and to break them, throwing a ball or a stick;
- With a ball - soccer, catch a ball, hit the mark, etc.;
- With a rope - knitting of knots, a rope handrail, pulling of a rope, a swing, “bungee“ (in the safe place);
- With the card and a compass - studying of the card, definition of parts of the world, initial skills of orientation.
Children in a campaign always think out some new (or to you unfamiliar) games, and if these games are potentially dangerous to them, it is important not to forbid to play, and to take the initiative and to transfer game in safer direction. Having well prepared for a house campaign, and you, and your children derive pleasure from time spent together, despite of possible whims of the nature and complexity in way.