Rus Articles Journal

Mukovistsidoz of

Mukovistsidoz - the most widespread genetic disease. Statistically, the carrier of a gene of a mukovistsidoz is everyone 30 - y the inhabitant of Europe. In Russia there are more than 1,5 thousand children having this disease. At the same time 10 patients who are not examined properly are the share of each patient with the made diagnosis.

the Disease is shown by

in the first years of life, and before emergence of hi-tech diagnostic aids and treatment children, patients mukovistsidozy, seldom lived till 8 - 9 years. Today`s level of development of medicine allows such patients to reach maturity, to lead a usual life, without differing in anything from the peers. The American doctors observe already today patients of advanced age who are more senior than 60 years.

the Name “mukovistsidoz“ comes from the Latin words mucos (slime) and viscidus (viscous): at this illness glands making secrets - slime, saliva, digestive juice, sweat, bile are surprised. Therefore first of all bodies in which there are mucous membranes suffer: these are lungs, bronchial tubes, a stomach, intestines, a pancreas, a liver. When work of glands is broken, slime becomes a dense, viscous secret accumulates, and in bodies chronic inflammatory process is gradually formed. Such inflammation can occur in any of listed vitally - important bodies or in several at the same time.

What they are children, patients mukovistsidozy?

Children, patients mukovistsidozy, externally differ in nothing from healthy people. The illness does not affect mental capacities of the child. Moreover, as the statistics shows, influences its creative abilities: many children, patients mukovistsidozy, are very talented. They show extraordinary abilities in the most different areas: draw, write verses and prose, sing, dance, participate in the international competitions, win first place and become well-known. Against treatment patients mukovistsidozy establish families and give birth to healthy children.

As is given mukovistsidoz?

Even if both parents are healthy carriers of a gene of a mukovistsidoz, their child can get sick. Mukovistsidoz is shown in the first years of life. To prolong life of patients mukovistsidozy, it is necessary to diagnose a disease as soon as possible.

How to distinguish mukovistsidoz?

it is very difficult to h2 to Distinguish it: about 10 children with an undetected illness are the share of each child to whom the diagnosis “mukovistsidoz“ was made.

Since July, 2006 in Russia the situation with diagnostics of a mukovistsidoz considerably improved thanks to introduction of a state program of neonatal screening (The order MZ and SR Russian Federation № 185 “About mass inspection of newborn children on hereditary diseases“ from 22. 03. 2006). What does it mean? Take each newborn child in maternity hospital blood from patches on detection of several hereditary diseases, including a mukovistsidoz. It should be noted that examination on mukovistsidoz so widely is not conducted in one country of the world.

But, unfortunately, also certain difficulties exist: in - the first, not always in time tests for carrying out research on mukovistsidoz, in - the second are bought, the children born till July, 2006 did not pass such inspection.

Therefore needs to pay attention to the following characteristic symptoms of a disease:

  • often repeating bronchitis and/or pneumonia;
  • of violation of a chair;
  • lag in weight, possible even at good appetite;
  • salty smack of skin.

At complex existence of several of these signs the doctor will advise to undergo testing on mukovistsidoz. The illness is diagnosed by means of so-called “stalemate test“ during which concentration of chloride of sodium in sweat is defined.

How to treat mukovistsidoz?

Patients receive medicinal therapy all life. It is optimum to begin treatment at early stages of a disease and to carry out constantly, in this case the child develops and feels well and externally differs in nothing from peers.

Social adaptation

the Serious problem is social adaptation of teenagers and adults, the main complexity is the inadequate attitude of society towards such patients. The reason of such relation - low knowledge of the population of a disease. Without knowing that this illness is genetic and, respectively, it is descended only, people are afraid to be infected and to endanger the children who are in contact with patients mukovistsidozy. As result - patients hesitate of a disease and hide the diagnosis that prevents them to lead a full-fledged life. Naturally, people with this disease, of course, do not constitute any danger to people around. It is rather on the contrary. The healthy person, being the carrier of various viruses and infections which are its normal flora, can be vitally dangerous to the person with mukovistsidozy whose immune system is constantly weakened.

Additional information on a disease and addresses of the medical centers you can find

on the All-Russian portal on a mukovistsidoza.