Rus Articles Journal

Rural tourism. “There is my village...“

“Peasant!“ - the former villagers offend each other in Sofia. Namely the Bulgarian villages kept national spirit, power of traditions, a slow and cozy way of life of the Bulgarian which never starved and was famous for hospitality. It is enough to drive off from the big or regional city, and you will see other Bulgaria. Here without pathos and oaths protect the nature, respect neighbors, raise children by antiquated rules, imparting it diligence and modesty.

Rural tourism becomes more attractive than

not only to foreigners, but also to Bulgarians - city dwellers. At the moment there are two developed routes - the western and Central Stara Planina, Predbalkan and Rhodope, in line - villages near sea resorts. There are several inhabited places where peasants decided to make the native villages the place of visit of guests from other countries: in them lovingly protect each wattle fence, each center, a pond and a mill, according to grandmother`s recipes cook pancakes and donuts. Inhabitants shook out from chests old clothes with a traditional ornament - “nosiya“, put on the Bulgarian bast shoes - “tsirvul“, anew mastered weaver`s, forge, jeweler craft. Neither noise, nor vanity, nor ostentatious hospitality - just in the mornings fresh milk and warm is banned on a table, under legs - warm, motley paths - “cherg“, in food - fragrant and curative seasonings, and food - in ceramic pots and plates.

at Night - serenades of crickets, the moon in a window and hop of generous herbs. In the village it is good to have a rest to both newlyweds, and tired intellectuals, and capital pensioners. You are waited by the villages of Osmar and the village of Lozevo (the Shumensky Region), the village of Asparukhovo (the Varnensky Region), the village of Kazichena (Pomoriye), the village of Mulka of Verey (the Old Zagorsk Region) - in total more than 50 villages and 30 monasteries where there is a place for spending the night and walks.

“The guest - only the first two days“. Tourists can feel in the Bulgarian village part of local population, join in its activity, in campaigns on horses or in the cart, in ancient crafts - a woodworking, a carving, ceramics, - and to bring to themselves home the cloth, a pot, a horseshoe made own hands under control of the skilled master. It is possible to attend culinary courses, tasting of wine, to write down national songs, to visit a wedding, christening and other ceremonies.

Very strong impression on tourists is made by the fact of nonviolent preservation of authentic methods of housekeeping: harvest manually, milking of goats and sheep, production of sheep cheese and cheese, milk ferment, preparation of canned food and jam.

Still villagers grow up a huge number of vegetables, fruit, forage crops, grapes, and also pets and a bird. Therefore Bulgarian cuisine is so rich and various, is not present indifferent to “raki“, “kachamak“ and “kisel“. In each house there are stocks of a domestic wine - white and red, secrets of its production are transferred from the father to the son.

If tourists accommodate in the master`s house, they together sit down to a dining table on which - the generous menu from environmentally friendly products, the freshest eggs, milk, greens. Guests can take part in preparation of a lunch, in table layout.

B the Burgassky region local holidays and customs are of interest. You will be taught to go by a burro, to catch fish a rod from a pond, but the brightest impression on you will be made, of course, by nestinara the dances on coals.

Custom to dance

bare feet over the fading fire remained in several regions of Bulgaria - in Strandzhe it villages Bulgarians, Brodilovo, Kostya and Novo Panicharevo. Remained a little experts of this attraction which is carried sometimes to “dirty“. Usually on a main square of a village kindle even in the afternoon a big fire, it is the best of all - from branches and stubs of an oak: from them heat more hotly. Men and women, generally aged dance. Dressed in clean not old clothes, they enter themselves into an emotional trance. Often performers surround action with religious attributes, assuring that the consecrated icon does not allow to burn down to skin, to feel pain. nestinar Saints Konstantin and Elena are considered as the main patrons. It lifted Christianity to the level of the state religion. At ritual there are also pagan symbols - a sun circle. Tambourines beat in beat hearts, fire of a fire burns down, nestinara take icons in hand and approach the place of the forthcoming dancing action.

many are interested in

in This phenomenon - historians, ethnographers, specialists in folklore, psychiatrists and psychopaths, many researches on this subject are written. It is established that nestinara - a special community of people whom it is impossible to call too religious - they, for example, do not celebrate Christmas, and work even on Sundays. Do not go to church, do not confess, do not take communion. Dance on coals - even not the most important in their system of values, but only a component of centuries-old beliefs and ritual actions. St. Konstantin`s idolization - not typically Christian, uncanonical phenomenon, often they suffer reproaches, are accused of blasphemy. Poorly similar ceremonies meet in Shamanism, Hinduism and in the African religions that returns us to thoughts of paganism.

the Main issue arising at the audience of unusual show: skin does not burn with a foot or these people do not feel pain? After medical researches it was established that even after 10 minutes of dances on coals standing nestinar there are no burns, wounds, hems. Partly it is explained by their special mental state: has to “seize“ the performer (“prikhvashchan“), they change complexion, eyes escape from orbits, language does not find room in a mouth...“ God`s business“, “devilry“ or “miracle“? In the face of the numerous audience from hands of a nestinarka the kerchief “falls“, but does not burn down on hot coals. Does not take fire and floors of an apron. You can capture all unusual performance on the camera or acquire the ready movie. You will be able to ask questions to participants of unique action, to touch their hands, to consider a foot of legs.

the international folklore festivals - in Bourgas, Plovdiv, Pernik, Residents of Smolensk, Koprivshtitsa have Special success in tourists. Villagers are the main characters and keepers of these holidays. Traditional suits, ancient songs, ceremonies. Join in them families - young and old.

children consider it as honor to put on suits of kuker themselves is the wrapped-up goat skins, high caps, kolokolets on all clothes, high sticks - geg. On old beliefs, kuker expel evil spirits, their dances, songs have to be terrifying, rough, they can touch the audience, than cause laughter, partnership, pleasure of public.

Very important point in different ceremonies is involvement of children. Since young years Bulgarians feel involved not only to sacraments of a holiday, the nature, but also to culture and history of the homeland. This educational moment has to promote that the youth did not leave the country, was proud of it.

holidays with participation only of girls, only boys, unmarried maidens, young guys and mixed Exist. Their participants have to know rhymed chants, an introduction order in a celebration, value of symbols. The wreath which is started up on the river will indicate the promised. It is necessary to fasten the flower presented by the girlfriend on a cap. The fluffy pompon will decorate a horse, the first the comer to the finish. And for Christmas on a door survakar will knock: patting owners a willow branch on a back, they will wish good health to family members, a harvest - to a garden, the field, an issue - to a livestock.

Most joyfully there comes in Bulgaria March: since morning all city, the settlement, the village will face the street with is red - a white brush on a breast. White color symbolizes health, red - for many years lives. Martenitsa will hang on windows of cars, on a suit of the announcer of television, on the president and on the teacher. In a form of brushes the symbolics is put too: with a blue thread - from a malefice, a braid on a hand - to remember the specific person; special martenichka - for newborns, for parents, colleagues. And when the first stork will fly, from itself it is red - white jewelry needs to be removed and hung up on a bush, a branch, a tree, on a neck of a horse, goat, favourite dog. Thus to wish them bumper-crop, safe year. Certainly that “really“ holidays take place in rural areas where all know each other, almost all consist in relationship. There is also some “competition“: who approaches celebration more correctly. People share memories about grandmothers and grandfathers, their recipes of holding a celebration. Of course, comparisons of martenitsa, ceremonial pies with a stuffing - banitsa, the connected socks and scarfs are used.

the Page of rural tourism is the architecture. The houses kept in vozrozhdensky style, constructions, carefully are restored and remain in the Bulgarian villages. All are uniform in opinion that the device of life of Bulgarians even in severe years after the Turkish slavery inspired hope for the kind future. The balconies of the second floors which hung over the earth are original and fine. Such device suggests an idea of a big, close-knit family, patriarchal and having many children. In the evenings on such balcony sat, has to be, the grandmother with the friend also drank coffee with white jam...

the villages of Bozhentsa, Arbanasi, Zheravna, Brashlyan, Kovachevitsa, Leshten, Dolen, Momchilovtsa by right are considered as

as the Most remarkable architectural regions of Bulgaria; there are ethnographic museums “Etyr“ outdoors (near Gabrovo) and “Old Dobrich“, and also the known orthodox monasteries and churches. You will refer slow walks at walls of the most known of them to rural tourism or absolutely modest, hidden from highways. You will meet a pure key with ice water from the mountains, a serviceable mill, the wooden small bench made kind hands of the unknown traveler, will see the forget-me-nots and lilies of the valley which are forgotten partially in the childhood...

Who was tired of bustling streets of the European capitals, will find rest in the Bulgarian village quiet and beautiful at all seasons of the year.

to Dobra is sent in addition!