Samurais against black sheep of
in the Japanese family mother traditionally is engaged in Education of the child. She completely devotes herself to the kid. In certain cases reaches even fanaticism when the young woman starts going together with the child to kindergarten or elementary school to watch how it develops.at the same time the Japanese mother never forbids nothing
to the kid. She only warns him that this or that action can be dangerous or indecent. However if the child really was guilty, mother punishes him quite cruelly: says that it is not necessary to it any more. Separation from group, alienation, isolation - the most terrible punishment for the Japanese.In kindergarten where kids start walking since three years, each little Japanese learns to consider
, to write and read, plays sports, is engaged in drawing and application. But it not the most important. Much attention is paid to communication and acquaintance to world around here. Children are often driven at excursion or just on walks which have informative character.
Very popular occupation in the Japanese kindergarten and elementary school is choral singing. It is one of the most striking examples of how in Japanese cultivate spirit of a collectivism.
If the kindergarten in Japan is not an obligatory step of education, then have to go to elementary and high school all.Academic year in Japan begins
on April 6, during blossoming of an Oriental cherry. Elementary school teaches children social science, arithmetics, music. Here children continue to study standards of behavior in the Japanese society, and also play sports and drawing. Very much attention is paid to education of love to the nature. Children are driven at excursion in zoos, and happens and so: the school student is entrusted to bring the little pet and to look after him.the Special place is allocated by
to studying of Japanese and the Japanese culture. An important point is training of the child in the letter here. In kindergarten the kid attends the classes aimed at the development of small motility: for example, origami (paper folding art) and oyator (ability to spin patterns and small knots from the string tense on fingers). Such occupations not only facilitate process of training in the letter, but also acquaint the child with culture of the country.
in many respects elementary school carries educational, but not educational character. Except rules of conduct in society, the school student studies also how it is correct to look after himself: it learn to be accurate and clean. The same reverent attitude as to himself, he has to show also to world around. After the end of occupations children carry out cleaning in a class, and from time to time - and in the school territory.At many schools do not have
dining rooms, and children bring with themselves a lunch from the house. Teachers carefully watch that it was the healthy food. For this purpose the Japanese mothers receive special instructing: as as it is necessary to prepare that the child received all substances necessary for his organism.
Besides, it has to take care also of beauty of a dish. Therefore preparation of a usual school lunch turns into a true art. The food keeps within a box very accurately so that the child not only satisfied hunger, but also derived esthetic pleasure.
Children have dinner directly in cool audience. If the pupil eats inaccurately or in not put time, he is punished. At elementary school the child visits about four lessons a day, each of which lasts forty five minutes. In middle and senior classes the number of lessons reaches six, and the child has an opportunity to choose some objects at discretion. In it the Japanese education system is similar to the American.
All Japanese school students, except the smallest, are obliged to wear a uniform. Boys carry “gakuran“ - trousers (or shorts) and a jacket of dark color with a stand-up collar. The form of girls is called “sailor`s Fukue“ and reminds the seaman`s suit. It is a shirt and a skirt. Also socks, a jacket, a scarf and even underwear are included in the package of a female form. Concerning a form there are certain rules. So, for example, boys have to walk in shorts and in the winter, and in the summer, up to the seventh class when trousers are given by it. Girls all the year round go barelegged, and to a ruler with the principal which is carried out three times a week, are obliged to come in a jacket even if on the street there is a heat.
the Most difficult period for the Japanese teenager comes with the termination of middle classes. At this particular time examinations by results of which he will be able to be admitted to high school with this or that direction are coming it. If the pupil badly passes end-of-year examinations, at university he can forget about training. The competition in higher education institutions of Japan is very high therefore it is necessary to prepare for receipt in advance, at high school.
Sometimes independent preparation for examinations happens insufficiently. And then the teenager is sent to special school - a dzyuka. This phenomenon can be compared to widespread tutoring in Russia. But if our parents try to agree about individual lessons for the teenager, then in Japan school students prepare for examinations collectively. To Dzyuk is the whole institute of additional school education. Occupations take place on weekdays after lessons in usual school here, and also during the week-end. This educational institution not only helps school students to eliminate gaps in knowledge, but also plays an important role in their socialization. Here children have an opportunity to communicate closer with teachers and the peers as in a dzyuka of group consist of several people.the Student of economics department of the Tokyo university to Kazuya Hirosa shares
the impressions: “In due time I strongly lagged behind on mathematics. And if parents did not send me to a dzyuka, I would not cope. To enter the Tokyo university very difficult, you understand. In a dzyuka I liked teachers. They paid attention to personal qualities and abilities of each school student. At usual schools it happens quite seldom“.
“The sticking-out nail is hammered“This known Japanese proverb as well as possible describes one of the basic principles on which there lives the Japanese society. Here it is possible to be identity, to self-improve, but at the same time it is impossible to forget about interests of collective at all. The individual exists only in group therefore it is better not to stand out from the crowd:“ black sheep“ are not suffered here. This feature of the Japanese culture was reflected in education of little Japanese and the Japanese education system. In it there are positive and negative moments. On the one hand, since small years the Japanese learns to respect others, to follow rules of etiquette, to be disciplined. On the other hand, he constantly is under pressure of society, is afraid to make something not and “to lose face“.
strange that at usual schools teachers not especially favor an individual approach to each pupil. But we will remember features of the Japanese mentality, that for Japanese the main thing - to join collective. All attempts to seem not such as everything, lead to deplorable results. Schoolmates begin to tease, and quite often at all to poison the child who differs in something from peers. The most unpleasant that teachers most often do not stop, and sometimes and encourage moral mockery at “black sheep“.
Recently in Japan suicide cases among teenagers became frequent, and began to consider this problem at the level of the Ministry of Education. The committee on reforming of education developed a number of emergency measures which have to change a situation in educational institutions. Among them - an exception of school of hooligans who make the life miserable of the peers, and also punishment of teachers who encourage violence in a class.
Some prefectures developed the methods of fight against violence among school students. For example, in Osaka school students learn to pay attention to advantages of the companions and to remember that each person is unique.