Safety of children in a campaign of
We, likely, will not peddle old stuff if we tell that the main source of danger in children`s campaigns - children, but not marching conditions. During the movement on a route when children are busy, and adults are vigilant, usually there are no states of emergency.
Experience shows that the main number of incidents happens on day`s rests, having a snack, smoke breaks, etc. In a word, when children have nothing to be engaged, and their natural aspiration to knowledge of world around can turn back troubles. If in a campaign there is a person (rather responsible) which will show an initiative and will act for children as the organizer of any games, sorties on vicinities and other entertainments, it is strong (but not completely) baby sitting will facilitate. Actually, such people meet infrequently therefore at a stage of preparation for a campaign it is necessary to think over what games, entertainments can be organized for children on halts and day`s rests. It is necessary to attract them in the help at installation of camp, collecting brushwood to a fire more often, to organize fishing, gathering berries, mushrooms and another useful matters.
On what it is necessary to pay special attention in a campaign with children
Equipment. the good children`s tourist backpack has to have conveniently adjacent wide humeral straps of S - a figurative form, the clamp which is clasped on a breast not allowing shoulder straps to part and the sewed reflecting elements doing the person with a backpack more noticeable in a night-time. One or two external pockets are very convenient for carrying of trifles and souvenirs. For backpacks over 20 liters, existence of a zone belt is desirable.
At the choice of an “adult“ backpack for the teenager, it is necessary to consider that on a way of fastening of straps backpacks happen to a “floating“ suspension bracket and such where straps and a belt are tightly sewn to a bag.“ The suspension bracket floating“ is convenient that the distance between straps and a belt can be changed in process of growth of the child. However, be attentive: in some models the suspension bracket is made inconveniently, the backpack hangs unstably, at the sharp movements brings it sideways. In this regard much more successfully than model with the sewed suspension bracket, the bases of straps at the same time are conveniently carried across.
How many kilogram the child can bear? Parents of younger school students here, of course, will remember at once very heavy satchels which their children drag in school. But actually full running day is not jog from the house to school.is not present
of Universal approach here and cannot be. One children - what is healthier - can be loaded slightly more, - it is slightly less of others. And how to be with kids of 2 - 3 years? Certainly, they can go and with light baggage. But all - is better if peanuts are with tiny backpacks too, they will feel full turistyata.
For children from 3 to 11 - 12 years about a weight of a backpack can be calculated on a formula: backpack weight in kilograms has to be no more than a half of age of the child (advanced in years). For example, the five-year-old kid should not bear more than 2 - 2,5 kg. Teenagers are already capable to bear the weight almost equal to the age or it is even more.
several marching models of backpacks for absolutely small Are turistit and they not always are on sale. As kids carry in a backpack generally air, for one-day walk in the wood it is possible to buy just small sports backpack up to 10 liters, to adjust by the size of a strap and to make a chest clamp that shoulder straps did not slide off “wide“ children`s shoulders.
the Child packs a backpack. What the child will have in a backpack? The kid of 3 - 4 years can bear part of the personal belongings, including toys. For acceleration of daily packing of backpacks some parents prefer to put in a backpack to children of a thing who seldom get, for example a waterproof raincoat. Children are more senior will be able to bear the sleeping bag (that too simplifies collecting) or all the personal belongings, including a sleeping bag. The teenager can bear almost too, as the adult. By the way, the principle “all heavy - down a backpack“ to which once we were taught in school tourist`s section, now, strictly speaking is not right. It worked for old “kolobkovy“ backpacks which at other laying seek to overturn back that to death it is similar. If your child has a modern marching model, then the heaviest things have to “press on shoulders“.
As for clothes and footwear, it has to be not worse, than at you. The clothes have to correspond to weather - be accurate as children feel violation of the thermal mode more sharply, and an unexpected heatstroke (or overcooling) will not add good memories of a campaign. Try to buy (to sew) to children marching clothes of bright flowers (yellow, orange, red) - in an extreme situation it will facilitate searches of the child, will make him noticeable on the earth and on water. Boots have to be on a rigid sole (certainly, already a little raznoshenny). Practically it is impossible to exclude completely anywhere presence of snakes therefore the open footwear - is unacceptable! In hikes even if hot, it is better to dress children in trousers and outerwear with long sleeves, differently the broken knees and the scratched hands will be surely, and can break the marching schedule. The schedule, by the way, has to be made taking into account opportunities of the weakest participant of your campaign (it can be, as well as the youngest child going independently, and the parent carrying on himself the child plus some things and products. On parking of a saw, it is better to store axes and knives in covers and not on a look. We had a case when three children of 3 - 5 years, having undertaken together, easily took out the axe which is tired out in penek slightly! From here morals - you watch these objects. At the beginning of a campaign it is necessary to explain to kids what they cannot touch at all. During preparation of firewood you watch that small children were in camp, and the teenagers involved in process - directly near you to exclude probability of wound someone the falling tree. In the course of a splitting of firewood it is also necessary to be careful for the same reason.
Fire and everything that is connected with it. Is hardly worth mentioning that since the moment when the fire already burns, kids cannot be let out from a look. At the beginning of a campaign it is necessary to resolve an issue of what is authorized to children concerning a fire and that is forbidden. All bans have to be reasoned. To help to kindle a fire - it is possible and it is necessary. It is possible to enclose brushwood in a fire, to take out from a fire of a branch and to swing the lit tip - it is impossible incidentally not to get into a face to the companion. To throw up in the inflamed fire fir twigs and similar, the giving many sparks - people around cannot since the scattering sparks can set fire to the dry wood (meadow), get into a face or burn their clothes. To avoid burns, do not allow younger children to remove independently Cana from fire, to give itself hot some tea. The senior children can resolve it with use of kostrovy mittens and under supervision of adults. Every time check reliability of handles of ditches and hooks of a kostrovy cable, stability Taganka. It is better to invite children to a table when soup (porridge) in bowls cooled down already enough. If the child got used to eat hot soup, put to it on knees a piece of a skin (seat mat), and already on a skin - a bowl that, having made the awkward movement, the child did not spill hot on knees. In this regard it is better than a bowl with a big flat bottom - they steadier, but, however, find room one in another worse. If to speak also about material, then the metal ware has advantage before plastic: in - the first, in metal ware soup cools down quicker, and in - the second, temperature of a bowl gives an idea of contents temperature.
Stone taluses. we Will remind that absence that - one of necessary conditions at the choice of the place for the parking. It is supposed that taluses will trap you during the movement on a route and radial sorties. Before to overcome them, be not too lazy to tell and show to children once again as it is necessary to go not to lower the friend on the friend stones.
of the Parking on a river bank / reservoir. Water attracts children of all age: one infinite throwing in water of stones and sticks of what costs. To fight against it it is useless and it is not necessary. Therefore on such parking it is necessary to keep an eye continuously on all children, even rather adult. Cases when in campaigns children slid off in water the inclined stone plates located at the water are known (from which it is so convenient to look at the small river, to fish etc.) . Especially it is actual for Karelia. The same danger is constituted by just large stones and rocky fragments located over water - from them the child can fall in water, having just stumbled (for example, throwing the next stone into water). The fling of stones in water is dangerous that the stone instead of water can get into the companion who at the time of a throw sharply got up or moved. The author of this article in the childhood itself was hit a stone in a nape in such a way. It is necessary to remind more often children of such danger, and the adult to watch that children did not look for stones “in the firing line“.
Inedible berries and mushrooms. In a campaign all children have enviable appetite. But, unfortunately, small children do not possess sufficient skills well to distinguish berries. Therefore at the very beginning of a campaign with children it is necessary to lead the corresponding discussion. Kids can just explain that “some berries and mushrooms bite (hurt)“ therefore without the permission of nothing it is impossible to break. To school students often happens to demonstrate enough as the pale toadstool, a wolf eye, elder, etc. looks. It will be anyway useful. Existence in the first-aid kit of sorbents (absorbent carbon, a smekta) is strictly obligatory, the quantity necessary for treatment of one person within several days. In one of our campaigns the two-year-old child ate a crude leg from a big birch mushroom (mushrooms laid out on polyethylene before cleaning). It appears, it took it for banana. At the same time did not even confuse him that “banana“ has strange taste. Fortunately, everything managed.
Water hikes. Probably, it is the most mass type of backpackings in which take with themselves the children as in such campaigns adults experience smaller physical activities and are able to afford to take with themselves more things and products (all this to bring the main thing to the river).
On our deep belief, so far children act as passive participants of a campaign, everywhere, where there is at least a small probability overkilya, children have to be carried out on the coast.
Even if you taught your child to float, it is necessary to remember that in case of accident it can not have enough physical forces to cope with a current. If you consider that it is not obligatory for you to put on a life jacket (and all is better - to put on to set an example), children always have to be in a vest, including (it is important!) and on viewings of obstacles and obnosa when you are busy with technical problems, and children sometimes are left without supervision. Volume (in liters) a vest has to be not less than 20 - 25% of mass of the person (in kilograms). Often children`s life jackets which are on sale in shops need to be finished independently that they could carry out the functions completely. First of all, it is necessary to check whether the life jacket has an inguinal loop (the tape connecting forward and back parts of a life jacket). If is not present, then it should be sewn. In case of revolution of the vessel the life jacket without inguinal loop can separately appear from the child (God forbid, but it is possible). Do not use as life jackets vests from PVC for rest on water - be not too lazy and buy the child a life jacket for campaigns in tourist shop, or make independently. In the latter case inflatable capacities of a life jacket need to be protected a fabric cover and to sew inguinal to a sling. It is very desirable that the floatable clothes were bright flowers too. On small rivers which are listed in the list of the water routes recommended for campaigns with children emergencies are improbable, but are all the same possible, and better that they ended safely. It is better to receive adrenaline in other place and in other company.
Cycling trips. In this type of campaigns an obligatory element is the helmet. The movement along more or less brisk highways has to happen only on a roadside of the right side of the road (if right-hand traffic)! As roadsides happen hardly travelers (sandy, etc.) and the temptation to move on the edge of asphalt is big, for children`s cycle campaigns we choose routes with a minimum of highways. It, of course, will strongly be reflected in a distance in kilometers of a children`s campaign (towards reduction). For the movement along highways it is necessary to establish a sequence in a chain and to explain to children that it is necessary to observe the established sequence, and overtakings are inadmissible. The sequence and an interval is chosen so that to control all independently moving children. Whether to keep action of this rule on dirt, forest roads - to the discretion of adults. The asterisk of the bicycle has to have protection since the probability to wound a leg is high, moving the bicycle through a log or other obstacle. Especially it concerns “adult“ bicycles since they most often are on sale without protection. Children who move by bicycles independently need to remind of danger which is concealed in itself by use of a forward brake from time to time. Use of cycle gloves will rescue palms from callosities and a cold head wind. Quantity of accessories (calls, headlights, cycle computers, etc.) on a wheel of the children`s bicycle it has to be limited that the child was distracted by them less during the movement. If the child travels in a cycle chair, we recommend to dress it much more warmly than usual - at heavy traffic the cycle chair is strongly blown by wind, and the child can easily overcool. For these reasons even we recommend to take in a summer cycle campaign for the child a hat which can be put on under a helmet, and also gloves. The special raincoat - a raincoat from the running rain with which it is possible to throw the child in a cycle chair will be useful too.
Carrying out always these simple rules, itself can facilitate a little life in a campaign in which you decided to take the child.to
It is desirable only positive impressions of backpackings with children!