The ancient Russian game “Towns“
Today many ancient national games, unfortunately, are unfairly forgotten and do not enjoy special popularity. Towns also belong to such forgotten sports. However, in post-war years towns were one of the most mass sports in the Soviet Union. The stock was made commercially, and platforms for game were everywhere - at stadiums, in parks, summer camps and sanatoria.
the Peak of popularity of towns had on 50 - e - 60 - e years of the XX century. The late number of players and platforms constantly decreased. Now the youth is almost not familiar with this fascinating game in the fresh air.
Towns - ancient Slavic game which history contains several centuries. This game was popular both with the simple people, and among the aristocracy. Many outstanding people of Russia were fond of towns. It is possible to tell that towns are a part of the Russian history and culture.
To 20 - x years of the XX century did not exist the uniform conventional rules of the game to towns. In 1923 in Moscow all-Union gorodoshny sport competitions were for the first time held. In 1933 there were new rules which defined 15 figures and an order of their knocking-out. Generally these rules work and today. It is possible to study their full version on the Internet.to
For game to towns do not need difficult stock and special equipment. It is enough to find the squared flat horizontal platform with a hard coating. The size - 30 × 15 meters. The most preferable type of a covering of a playground - asphalt. Rules of the game are rather simple too. The main task of players - to beat out a bat (a wooden stick no more than a meter long) from “city“ (a square of 2 in size × 2 meters) 15 figures, each of which is formed from five towns (wooden cylinders 20 cm long and with a diameter of 4,5 - 5 mm).are established by
of the Figure in “city“ in strict sequence:“ gun“, “fork“, “star“, “arrow“, “well“, “a cranked shaft“, “artillery“, “racket“, “a machine-gun nest“, “cancer“, “sentries“, “sickle“, “shooting gallery“, “plane“, “letter“. All figures (except for “letter“) are established on the front cities line. At distance of one meter from front a penal line is drawn. The space between them carries the name “suburb“. In the center of “suburb“ at distance of 20 - 40 cm from the penal line marks for installation of the towns which took off for this line are put. > As it was already told by
to p, figures, to be exact the towns making them need to be beaten out by means of a bat. Beaten out is considered the town which left limits “cities“, that is completely crossed back or one of sidelines. The town which took off for the “cities“ or “suburb“ lines and rolled back all the same is considered beaten out. The space before the penal line is filled up with sand. It is “penalty area“. If the bat after a throw concerns it, then the throw is considered lost. The towns which are beaten out by such throw come back to the former place.
begin to Beat out figures from “game“. So the distant point of a throw located at distance of 13 meters from the front cities line is called. If at least one town is beaten out, then the subsequent throws are carried out from “semi-game“ (6,5 m). This rule does not belong to a figure “letter“ which is beaten out in a special way. At first it is necessary to beat out “brand“ - the central town, and then the others. At the same time all throws are made from “game“. That player or team who the first managed to beat out all figures is considered the winner, having spent smaller quantity of throws, than the rival.
of Competition on gorodoshny sport happen personal, command and personally - command. In spite of the fact that popularity of this sport is not too big today, there are Russian and International Federations of gorodoshny sport. They hold official competitions in the Russian Federation and other countries, give to players the sports ranks.
the Sequence and quantity of figures can change depending on system of competitions. As it was already told, one party on competitions for adults consists of fifteen figures. Juniors play games according to the reduced regulations including ten figures.
Towns - very interesting game developing accuracy, force, dexterity and coordination of movements at participants. One of the main advantages of towns - availability and democratic character. It is possible to play towns at any age, in any place at all seasons of the year and almost.