Healthy lifestyle: who would have ever expected it
What is a healthy lifestyle, understands everyone in own way. But whether there is some primary source or the most authoritative concept? From where it in general undertook, this healthy lifestyle and why became fashionable?
Russia - the homeland of elephants
to us is, than to be proud: the concept “healthy lifestyle“ was born in Russia.
1989. the Authorship of the term is attributed to professor - the pharmacologist to Israel to Brekhman. It - the first who began to advance the scientific concept of a healthy lifestyle annoy physicians: its reports at conferences had unknown success.
Strictly speaking, in Brekhman`s ideas: a full-fledged dream, balancing food, the movement, fresh air - and further with all stops.
1991. there is a science the valueology based on brekhmanovsky ideas of a healthy lifestyle. Quickly enough the course “Valueology“ began to be taught school students and included in curricula of HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS.
1992. Ideas of a healthy lifestyle began to have such success that besides physicians, to “the engine numerous developers of author`s techniques clung“: from Porfiriya Ivanov on Paul Bragg. From this point covered the people wishing to care for the health with an avalanche. Within valueology all were offered them: from cleaning of a karma to a hardening, from starvation to a tantra - yoga.
2001. the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation excludes the subject “Valueology“ from curricula of HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS from - for strong mixtures of this discipline with occult sciences.
So in Russia the concept “healthy lifestyle“ also disappeared if it was not exported on the West. Passed slightly less than a decade - and the healthy lifestyle returned to us under the European label. It is curious that the western doctors and nutritionists find it difficult to call the author of the term and an origin of the phenomenon.
- of the USA Michel Bravo, the nutritionist of University of John Hopkins, the member of the American Association on fight against diabetes (Michelle Bravo, JohnsHopkins Medicine International):“ The modern concept of a healthy lifestyle includes reduction of consumption of saturated and transfatty acids, the balanced food in combination with active lifestyle, minimization of a stress, refusal of smoking and the minimum consumption of alcohol. The concept of a healthy lifestyle is corrected taking into account the last scientific developments and emergence of new risk factors - such as environmental pollution, growth of obesity among the population, rise in price of expenses on medicine“.
Sweden: to move more, to be depressed lessCare about health at Swedes is based by
on two whales: rationality and aspiration to save. Swedes do not use recipes of traditional medicine, they regularly buy that they recommend to them in drugstores. But also do not hurry to run to the doctor - try to transfer easy and average indispositions standing. If earlier at the socialist government in Sweden it was possible to pretend to be ill for years and to live comfortably on a welfare, then in recent years the state policy concerning health care becomes tougher: the first days of the sick-list are not paid in general - desire to be ill at own expense. As a result the most ordinary Swedish saying concerning health - “itself will pass“.
As for a healthy lifestyle, it is possible to tell that in Sweden it is a synonym of physical activity.
is Told by Oksana Senenkova, the translator, the citizen of Sweden since 2001:“ Swedes have a promenade - it is sacred. In general they prefer to walk, go, move, be active up to the most advanced years. It is possible to see the old man who goes very slowly, but. In February in all Swedish schools there passes week sports vacation - especially for that parents with children skied, it is so accepted. I do not speak about the bicycle any more - it here everywhere, everyone has a two-wheeled friend almost, besides, it is possible to rent the bicycle, everywhere bicycle tracks. The Swedish recipe of health is a constant activity, a devil-may-care attitude to small sores, plus understanding that the sick-list will get up to you in kopek“.
of the USA: it is necessary to eat less
Idea of the typical American at us is double: on the one hand, a bronze tan and a porcelain smile, with another - world leadership in obesity. Truly both that, and another: a healthy lifestyle - the privilege of middle class.the Hang-up in the form of food for Americans is not casual: the number of people with an excess weight grows so promptly that according to forecasts of experts, by 2030 86% of Americans will suffer from the excess weight or obesity. For fight against general excess weight the Healthy People - 2010 program was created. Michel Bravo, nutritionist of University of John Hopkins (Johns Hopkins Medicine International): At the beginning of 2000 the Ministry of Health and social services of the USA (DHHS), started the Healthy People - 2010 project (Healthy People 2010) - the initiative directed to preservation of health of the nation and prevention of various diseases. The Healthy People - 2010 project has two main goals: improvement of quality and durations of healthy life and to improvement of the nation and elimination of a difference as life among different social groups.
is Told by Tatyana Ilyinichna Bolotina, the emigrant:“ The healthy lifestyle absorbed generally American middle class. In - the first, within walking distance gyms and pools which they regularly use (especially as it is financially very available).
In - the second, all middle class it is universal it is anxious with questions of food: they eat much less meat, than we, and more vegetables. All very much show consideration for food information on labels: how many fats, how many carbohydrates, how many cellulose what caloric content whether there are polynonsaturated fatty acids - there all this is in detail painted. And, at last, in society there is very active promotion of fight against smoking - beginning nearly with kindergarten.Should tell
that the subject of a healthy lifestyle in society is very discussed, it is a subject of daily talk among people - as far as their way of life meets standards of ZOZh what new recommendations appeared. But it is a subject of talk of middle class, those who cost on a social ladder below, these questions concern in much smaller degree“.
of ZOZh in China: when there is no money, experience of ancestorshelps
a Half of the population of China any medical care is too expensive. Only 25% of urban population and 10% of rural it is capable to pay medical services: such statistics sounded in one of reports of the Ministry of Health of China. In this situation only the man of means is able to afford to care for a state of health. Why Chinese do not die out? In many respects - thanks to national traditions.Are active
- all: not only the working people, but also elderly people. Every morning several tens old men for occupations gather in parks thaw - Zi. During the day in parks for them actions will daily be organized, old men are included in life of society.
- In a diet of Chinese whatever poor it was, few harmful products. Main courses are a rice together with vegetables or the meat fried literally within several minutes at the bottom of the heated copper.
- Ability to relax quickly. It is noticed: to sleep anywhere and in the most unexpected pose only children, animals and Chinese can. Residents of Celestial Empire do not disdain 10 - a minute break to doze and gain strength.
- Acupuncture and massage in China - almost daily practice. In any deaf small village where there is no electricity even and only one street, there is several massage salon for people of different level of the income.
is Told by Sergei Ivanov, the research associate of Institute of the countries of Asia and Africa, the Sinologue:“ In China there was no period of critical reconsideration of traditional medicine - it got to universities at once and there is taught to this day. That is, the Chinese ideas of human anatomy not always meet expectations European. From the western methods Chinese use surgery, in daily things trust traditional Chinese medicine.
the Chinese drugstore looks as we imagine a medieval drugstore: besides pharmacological preparations, dried herbs, bones. At all this the Chinese tradition in medicine - absolutely working, I happened to try on myself it. Moreover, I try that in Moscow I had drugs from an arsenal of traditional Chinese medicine“.
Average life expectancy:
- Sweden. Men - 77 years, women - 82 years.
- of the USA. White men - 75,7 years, white women - 80,8 years. The Afro-Americans - 69,6 years, afroamericans - 76,5 years.
- China. Men - 72 years, women - 73 years.
- Japan. Men - 78,7 years, women - 82, 9 years
Japan: to work the head
Once the Japanese scientists decided to investigate that the ordinary phrase hides under itself: “Japan - the country of long-livers“. They collected information on habits and a way of life of long-livers of the country on the basis of whom made “rules of long healthy life“. Among them were such: is less, to sleep more, to force the brain to work, be able to relax, not to put on constantly too warmly, to be able to laugh, respect each other in a family, not to smoke and not to drink.
But as far as there corresponds the way of life of modern Japanese to these recommendations?
is Told by Ryoko Yaamaguti (PhD, Kobe City University of Foreign Studies):“ All Japanese very much want to be healthy, but at the same time many do not like to limit themselves in food, do not seek to be active. They want to be healthy, making for it a minimum of efforts. Therefore TV advertizing of different preparations enjoys wide popularity. If today on the TV we hear that some medicine helps from everything, then tomorrow this medicine by all means will be sold out“.
Paradox that health for Japanese - not the purpose, but the means allowing to work long and hard. Loss of work for the Japanese - the tragedy connected with switching off from society and loss of the social benefits including access to medical care which is most often provided by the employer. Therefore the most followed rule of long-livers - to force the brain to work (or at least to force the body to go to work). Well, and as for, other “habits of long-livers“ - everyone chooses for himself: to drink or not, to laugh or frown.