We go to Copenhagen!
Denmark - the most southern of the Scandinavian countries. And its capital, Copenhagen, is on the island Zealand (Zealand), to the east of the peninsula Jutland (Jutland) on the bank of the passage Eresunn.
History of Copenhagen
Passage Eresunn (Ö resund) separates the Swedish peninsula of Scania (Sk å ne) from the Danish island Zealand, its width does not exceed four kilometers in the bottleneck.
This waterway always had paramount value, it connects Baltic and the Atlantic Ocean. The country, the controlling Eresunn, automatically became the mistress of the situation, each foreign ship passing through the passage had to pay duty.It led
to the fact that the small fishing settlement of Havn (Havn) very quickly turned into the prospering city which became the capital of Denmark later. And all taxes flew in the state treasury of the country as the southern region of Sweden of Scania belonged to the Danish kingdom too (till 1658).
B 2000 there was a first bridge through Eresunn which connected Denmark and Sweden. Presently the eresunnsky region - the second for concentration of the population in northern Europe after St. Petersburg: Eresunn`s university is formed by 12 establishments belonging to Denmark and Sweden. And about 14 000 people daily use the bridge through Eresunn to reach work and study.
Copenhagen - the amazing city. Almost all sights can be examined, hiking or by bicycle. Many locals hire bicycles or use free which in the city is available much. In the multinational capital of Denmark there is a set of places which should be visited to each guest of this city. Here short list of the main sights.
If you want to see with own eyes the most popular place among tourists in Denmark, visit Tivoli (Tivoli), the traditional amusement park opened in 1843.
As well as in all ancient parks of rest of the 19th century, in Tivoli decorative gardens, theater, a concert hall, delightful attractions for all family are, and music sounds everywhere.
“In the period of Christmas holidays in the downtown several markets, and the market in Tivoli - one of the biggest and elegant in Copenhagen open. And at King Square; s New Square in winter time works the most beautiful skating rink in the world!“ - Genrik Sirlyayn (Henrik Thierlein) from service Visit Copenhagen speaks.
In the National Museum you will be able to see a huge collection of the artifacts of an era of Ice Age found in Denmark and in other countries of the world. One of collection exhibits - an oak coffin, which age about 3500 years. The coffin was found in a bog, in it by clothes, a crest, jewelry and a fair hair of the girl of a bronze age, Egtved Girl .can admire
In the lock of Rozenborg (Rosenborg Castle) located in the center of Copenhagen historical buildings, ancient monuments and to visit the museum narrating about 300 - summer government of kings of Denmark. A subject of pride of the museum - an exposition of jewelry from royal treasury and royal regalia. In the neighbourhood with the lock the Royal park (Kongens Have), the oldest park of Copenhagen is located.
Visit the museum “New Gliptoteka Karlsberga“ (Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek) with own eyes to see a refined collection of works of the French painters and a work of art of Etruscans. The museum was founded at the end of the 19th century by the patron Karl Jacobsen (Carl Jacobsen) which had own brewery Carlsberg which exists and presently. She named the museum. In those far times this collection was the biggest in the world.
the Building of the Government of Denmark - the palace Kristiansborg.
Presently in the museum more than 10 000 exhibits: from monuments of material culture of Ancient Egypt to cloths of the French artists a post - impressionists. And if you get tired after long excursion, then visit cafe of the museum which is located in a magnificent winter garden.
Slotskholmen (Slotsholmen) - the small island in the heart of the city. In 1167 the first lock around which Copenhagen gradually grew was constructed here. Today on this island the set of sights, the museums and fancy historical buildings, including the palace Kristiansborg (Christiansborg Slot) - the building of the Danish government and Dansk J ø settles down; disk Museum - the Judaic museum of Denmark.If the museums to you are uninteresting
- go directly to Stroget (Str ø get). This area consists of several small streets of the old city flowing each other. Here it is possible to buy anything. One of features of this place is the longest pedestrian street in the world.
In addition in Copenhagen “the free city“ - Christiania (Christiania) is. In 1971 the abandoned barracks were occupied by group of young homeless people. Here open business in soft drugs is done, the question of future of Christiania was repeatedly brought up, and each attempt of the authorities to disperse the settlement caused a wave of disorders in the capital of the Danish kingdom.Other district of the city is completely closed by
for motor transport. Here it is possible to wander on unpaved paths, green lawns, to admire work of masters - handicraftsmen, work of wall painting, fancy houses and the tiny areas. The couple of hours in such place passes quickly.
A that the impression about the city was full - surely visit a monument to the Little Mermaid ( Little Mermaid ) to the character of fairy tales of Hans Christiaan Andersen, one of best-known “residents“ of the city. The sad Little Mermaid sits on a stone in the port of Copenhagen and looks afar. The bronze statue appeared in 1909 by request of the Danish brewer Karl Jacobsen.
Several facts about Copenhagen
- the Territory of Denmark consists of the peninsula Jutland and about 400 islands.
- the Population of the country - 5,3 million people from whom 1,7 million citizens live in the capital, and 2,8 million - in the Eresunnsky region.
- the Monarchy of Denmark - one of the oldest in the world.
- Copenhagen is officially recognized as the gastronomic center of Scandinavia. Capital restaurants won 12 stars of Michelin - it is more, than in Rome, Madrid, Milan or Berlin.