Expiration date of a contraceptive
you Think that the favourite method of contraception can be applied though all life? Here not. At everyone the restrictions.
- of Combined Oral Contraceptives (COC). Of 2 - 3 years to a menopause sex hormones (estrogen and gestagena) Contain
. Their biggest plus - prevention of oncological diseases of mammary glands and reproductive organs, decrease in risk of development of cysts of ovaries and extra-uterine pregnancy. Some preparations have also medical effect, and therefore are applied at myoma of a uterus and endometriosis. This, perhaps, only means which can use all life. But provided that the state of health is ideal, and you are regularly convinced of it. What do we risk
? Hormones influence a cholesterol exchange. Therefore time in 6 months is recommended to take a blood test on definition of a lipidic profile. If you smoke and you are more than 35 years old, control needs to be strengthened - the risk of a tromboobrazovaniye and development of heart troubles considerably increases.
If periods became absolutely poor or disappeared, reception the COOK should be stopped, to allow an organism to have a rest, and after restoration of menstrual function the doctor will decide whether it is possible to continue.
- Contraceptive plaster and vaginal ring. Of 2 - 3 years to a menopause
These means contain the same hormones, as the COOK, but twice to a smaller dosage - 0,15 mg of active agent against 0,3 mg. Tablets, getting in zheludochno - an intestinal path, pass through a hepatic barrier therefore big concentration of hormones is necessary. Undoubted plus and in what should not be remembered about daily reception of pills. The plaster changes once a week, a ring - time in a cycle. It is not felt by either the woman, or the partner. The contraceptive effect is so high. What do we risk
? the same, as at reception the COOK - active ingredients identical. Therefore in the same way we check a lipidic profile, we watch indicators of the curtailing system of blood and we do breaks in case of violation of a menstrual cycle.
- of Gormonosoderzhashchaya intrauterine spiral (Mirren). 5 - 7 years - before recovery
is Released in a uterus cavity by only one hormone. Often on its background the periods disappear - it is normal and in many cases gives medical effect: growth of myoma is suppressed and the endometriosis centers in a uterus disappear. To establish such spiral to absolutely healthy women there is no sense. What do we risk
? As any foreign matter in uterus cavities, a spiral can grow into its wall; there is a probability of development of inflammatory process. Besides, the temptation for 5 - 7 years (period of validity of a contraceptive) is big to forget about the gynecologist: periods do not disturb, pain disappears... And it is extremely unreasonable: control is necessary surely.
- Intrauterine spiral. 3 -
the smaller contraceptive effect in comparison with gormonosoderzhashchy as only mechanically interferes with pregnancy development Has 5 years much. It is desirable to apply Naval Forces with copper, silver and gold - they reduce risk ascending (on spiral moustaches from a vagina in a uterus) infection and therefore have bigger validity period - 5 - 7 years. Simple spirals are established for 3 - 5 years. What do we risk
? Quite much. Against Naval Forces quite often there comes pregnancy, including extra-uterine, inflammatory diseases develop, periods (there is a risk of development of anemia) become more plentiful, the spiral can grow into a uterus wall. So to the gynecologist it is necessary to go as on hours!
But for some women a spiral - the unique method of protection.
After removal of Naval Forces should make tests on all infections, to make ultrasonography of bodies of a small pelvis. If there are no contraindications, through 2 - 3 cycles it is possible to establish following.
- of Spermitsida. Till 20 years and after 45 years
of the Candle, creams, skins it is possible to recommend to only absolutely young girls with yet not established hormonal background and women are later 45 years old, entered a premenopauza. Too these means are unreliable. However, even at this age if ultrasonography shows that ovaries perfectly function, it is better not to use spermitsida. What do we risk
? the chance of approach of pregnancy is Too big. It depends also on the frequency of sex life, and on number of partners, and on observance strict and enough troublesome rules of application of candles, skins, sponges, creams. Besides, continuous use of spermitsid can break natural microflora of a vagina.
- of the Injection and implants. No more than 3 months
One visit to the doctor - and for 8 - 12 weeks can be forgotten about contraception. The peak of popularity of such means had on 90 - e years. Approximately since 2005 demand steadily decreases. Now they are recommended extremely seldom - too many side effects. What do we risk
? In - the first, action of a preparation it is impossible to cancel. And contraindications to hormonal contraception can come to light at any time: diabetes, thrombosis, diseases of heart, a liver and kidneys can be them... In - the second, many cases when against injections violations of a hormonal background, endocrinological diseases, uterine bleedings develop are recorded.
|Hormonal (the COOK, a plaster, a vaginal ring)||At thromboses, IBS, diabetes, diseases of a liver, kidneys, the expressed obesity (excess of body weight more than for 50% of norm); at vaginal bleedings of the obscure etiology; to the smoking women 35 years are more senior. Efficiency the COOK decreases at reception of antibiotics and a vegetarian diet|
|the Intrauterine spiral (with hormones and without)||At inflammatory diseases of bodies of a small pelvis, extra-uterine pregnancy in the anamnesis; at hyper plastic processes in an endometriya and uterine bleedings|
|of Spermitsida (candles, creams, sponges, tampons)||At normally functioning ovaries and active sex life; at a vagina disbioza|