Rus Articles Journal

Minimalism. At all excess

for certain any more you will surprise you with nothing. Refined luxury of classics and pretentiousness of modern styles of an interior - all “a dezha - vyu“, everything is not new, everything is already tried by neighbors in a staircase. And all - originality wants...

In that case go from the return. Minimalism - here, than still it is possible to surprise in our country. The Byzantine aspiration to an embellishment passes to us in genes from father to son. Therefore the principle “nothing superfluous“ was and remains not to the most popular with our compatriots. And, so there is a chance to create an original interior which was not repeated one thousand times in the house or the apartment...

Asceticism as philosophy, or Life in a flank

Unlike Russia, “minimalist“ style remains extremely popular in the West. Its golden time had on “revolutionary“ 60 - e years when the principle “nothing superfluous“ was opposition of bourgeois grandiosity. It is as little as possible scenery, monotony and fadedness of colors, absence of tiresome visual effects - here that was to the taste to the “advanced“ minds of that time.

However if to dig more deeply in history, then it will turn out that “minimalist“ interiors - not a child of the XX century. Still the situation in the dwelling of ancient Celts was extremely severe, and the East philosophy which pro-told laconicism and restraint predetermined modesty of the Japanese interiors. And among ancient Greeks there were those still ascetics - remember at least Diogenes who lived in a flank...

As style the minimalism developed in 20 - e years of the last century. His Alma - the mater became the architectural Bauhaus institute in Germany where the impudent and advanced designers, most for that time, gathered. They opposed to the florid modernist style dominating then which is carried away by forms and forgot about essences, the slogan “The Form Has to Submit to an Essence“. The challenge was so thrown down to a former esthetics.

And still as it is strange, Russia was one of the first countries where the minimalism had to the yard. However, not so much to the people, how many new power. After October revolution the aspiration to renounce as soon as possible excesses last, bourgeois, lives was shown also in an interior. The only decoration of inhabited space of “builders of communism“ was the simplest furniture of strict geometrical forms deprived of any decor. By the way, come as - nibud into the well-known house of Melnikov that in Krivoarbatsky Lane in Moscow. You will get acquainted with a bright sample of constructivism 20 - 30 - x years of the last century. It is considered that minimalism - its direct consequence. The only interior scenery of this house - a diffused light which arrives through the windows located at the different levels in the form of a rhombus much. And all!

Minimalism in the XXI century - all this the same protest. But any more not against some social order, and against abundance of information, noise and chaos of modern megalopolises. Excesses (including interior) began to scratch an eye. People stretched to purity, rest and emptiness, giving preference to the “calming“ interiors which refined simplicity creates the atmosphere of internal harmony and freedom.

Space

the Space, light and the most necessary functional objects are those “three whales“ on whom the modern interior in style of minimalism is created. And the main thing from these “whales“ is, perhaps, the space. That - that, and the minimalist interior contrary to the name demands width - and not only imaginations. It is quite explainable. The more spaces, the it is simpler to designate some accent spots. And they are very important in that case when intentionally you limit yourself in means of expression.

If the apartment small, from several small rooms, then, creating a minimalist interior, it is desirable for p to unite some rooms with each other. Depriving a living space of the numerous partitions dismembering space it is possible to make impression of width and a scope. It is important also that indoors there were no “blind“ zones: it has to be looked through entirely from any point.

About minimalism is said that it is style of emptiness. Also are mistaken. In a minimalist situation there are all necessary things, and not just “a table, a chair, a stool“. Just objects in such room are not grouped and not “are lumped together“, and placed separately from each other. Such filling of space gives feeling of freedom and does not hold down. Things “do not get under feet“. The look has a rest.

Light and color

the Minimalist interior demands abundance of light. Light promotes creation of feeling of dimensions, big space where the person feels rather “in flight“, than in “comfort“. It is desirable that windows indoors were wide and open: without curtains and portieres. The impression as if internal interiors are connected to the outside world will be made so. If you not delighted with the neighbourhood with environment, then it is possible to hang up horizontal or roller blinds or easy, transparent curtains on windows.

it is better for p to refuse interroom doors absolutely. However, it is not always possible: for most of people it is important to designate an intimate zone in the apartment. In that case glass doors will not bad fit into an interior.

A now - about color scale. The minimalist interior does not suffer the bright, irritating paints. For it it is far better light than half tone, pure, quiet colors: black, white, cream, color of porridge and gray.

Finishing and materials

Minimalism against excesses and in a question of finishing. If the wall then which is ideally plastered and monophonic. If a ceiling, then from gypsum cardboard - for ideally plain surface. If a floor - means, boards have to be the maximum length and width that on it there were as little as possible “seams“.

However, use of above-mentioned materials is not an axiom in creation of a minimalist interior. Walls can be and brick. Ceilings - wooden or simply painted, and a floor - glass. Here it is important to observe only uniformity and integrity of a covering.

Finishing of rooms should paying to

special attention. As the minimalism does not suffer an excessive embellishment, walls, a ceiling and a floor become a decor of an interior. And from that how qualitative and “faultless“ will be their finishing, the general view of the room depends.

the Minimalism as any other style of an interior (behind an exception, probably, find fault - a teka), is susceptible to ultramodern materials. In such situation it is not sophisticated to meet a subject from porcelain which in actual fact is made of plastic. It is possible to see a shabby pebble-leather - it becomes clear that it from a gentle laika. A floor casts metal gloss, and to the touch warm is a new type of linoleum. The wooden sculpture actually appears rubber.

Such “double-dealing fellows“ can be applied by

also in finishing of rooms, and in production of furniture, and in production of accessories.

In a word, modern materials deprive minimalism of “natural modesty“ and the seeming gloom, doing it witty, interesting to all and partly philosophical.

the Furniture and accessories

At first sight, in furniture of this style are not present anything special. Its forms are pure and logical, lines - are quiet, a look - “elegant as a grand piano“. The rectangle of a wooden table strong keeps on short glass legs. The strict sofa - the book consists only of two small pillows laid on a web of a metal framework. The glass curbstone has an appearance of an absolute cube and shines from within. All these examples look is so plain and simply that, apparently, as if it is possible to make them with own hands.

meanwhile, the majority of modern samples of minimalist furniture - not serial things. Many of them - objects author`s, having exclusive design, made on the highest technologies. Therefore their price is often higher, than the cost of the things created, for example, in Louis XIV`s style. In a word, it must be kept in mind that the minimalism in an interior is not minimalism on money at all.

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Of what materials makes minimalist furniture? Of course - a tree, also plastic threw. If it is about kitchen furniture, objects from stainless steel or the chromeplated metal will most successfully fit into an interior. They will be perfectly combined with ware fashionable now and the built-in household appliances, creating an eco-friendly, brilliant look. If we speak about a bedroom and other premises of the apartment, then here it makes sense “to lodge“ the things combining elements of metal and a tree. But also purely wooden objects will fit. For example, a wicker furniture from a rattan and a liana. In a word, wide choice. Therefore it is important not to go too far: the furniture in an interior should not be much.

As, however, and accessories. Therefore about them only a couple of words. Accessories have to be simple geometrical forms. Basten pictures on walls, soft small pillows on sofas, collections of pink elephants on a dresser - all this should not be in a situation. If a picture, then one, but big if a sculpture, then too one, it is desirable placed in the middle of surely empty room...

However to say that the minimalism is inclined only to severity, “sterility“, dispassionateness from life it would not be absolutely right. At it there can be also a fair share of humour. For example, in the situation constructed on minimalistic canons it is possible to meet easily a stool at which instead of sitting... sheet of paper. There will be few men of courage to use such subject of an interior. And in vain - the modern material similar to paper, with ease will sustain the weight of the solid person. And there is more to come. Modern designers from minimalism seek to make furniture “live“: fill in a gel layer under glass, and once the smooth surface concerns, drawing on a cover of a table or tiles of a floor begins to change. Thus, the subject comes to life, comes into contact, becomes sociable. And it in spite of the fact that its form is still quiet and strict.

to create a minimalism island in the dwelling, it is necessary to have the corresponding outlook. Not incidentally modern kind of this style is compared with Japanese three-lower case poems of a hokku. Not everyone will write. Not everyone will understand. Simplicity - only on a surface. And in depth - an innuendo, an intrigue and a riddle. The minimalism in an interior is a philosophical simplification of surrounding reality. It, as Fujiyama - a reason for meditations and silent reflections about meaning of life.