Rus Articles Journal

Swimming for kids of

“Teach children to swim! To float earlier, than to go! Occupations with children from the birth about one year!“ Books, articles, advertisements of the children`s developing centers convince us that it is just necessary to do swimming with the baby.

70 - x years of the last century water occupations with children became so extended by

Since the end that now, perhaps, it will be difficult to find the child aged from 0 till 3 years with which never swam for a while and which never “dived“. Especially the fact that the babies who learned to float earlier, than to go can be seen unless on a photo in books or on the Internet is strange. And even floating two-year-olds are an unknown rarity. Perhaps, it occurs because that having caught the idea that it is necessary to float with kids, parents do not understand and for what it is necessary in what the purpose of occupations. Also set to themselves the wrong purposes, go with the kids to the pool, despite all shouts and protests of the child, risking to fight off it at all desire to communicate with water.

, What for?

“As „ why “? Of course, for health!“ - the loving mother will tell and it will be right. Also mother who will tell will be right: “For development!“ Mother who will tell will also not be right (or will not tell, but somewhere at heart will think): “To grow up the world champion!“ Swimming has to be for the child, but not for satisfaction of mother`s ambitions.

What water gives to the child? A lot of things. In - the first, adaptation to the water environment adds to experience, gives new impressions that it is so important for development of especially small children. Water occupations render the effect expressed revitalizing and strengthening. Water normalizes a muscular tone, removes stress, strengthens muscles, tempers, develops a vestibular mechanism (sense of equilibrium). Thus, water occupations stimulate intellectual and physical development of the child. But not less important is also the fact that water gives to mother and her kid the invaluable minutes of communication strengthening relations between them, establishing mutual understanding and trust. Water occupations help mother to make own life fuller and more interesting, teach it to feel the child better. All these undoubted pluses of occupations bring such benefit in itself that the result - ability of the child to float at early age - becomes not so important in comparison with them.



occupations by swimming with kids to 3 years will approach the motto:“ The earlier, the better“. Also it is based, first of all, that approximately to three-months age at the child swimming reflexes thanks to which he automatically holds the breath at immersion in water and it is capable to move independently in water did not die away yet. Actually, all “training“ in swimming on the first year of life of the kid is reduced supporting this reflex and gradually in the course of occupations to develop it in steady skill. Therefore the optimum term of the beginning of occupations the age from 10 - 14 days (when the umbilical wound begins to live) to 3 months is considered. However if you decided to begin to be engaged with the kid later, you should not be upset. To begin never late. Just in case your kid was more than 3 months old, you should anew teach him to hold the breath at immersion in water.

Can begin to be engaged in

also with kids after one or two years of years, but in this case occupations will be corrected taking into account age of the child. Those conductings which can be carried out with babies, of course, will not approach any more. All your maternal experience and pedagogical talent will be required to interest the kid in occupations in the pool, to develop at it the positive relation to water, to give classes in the form of cheerful game. Is more senior than children it is necessary at once to learn to exhale in water at immersion. The child is more senior, the more actively he will be able to participate in occupations, the you will be able to offer more games for training to it.


All children different, it is also impossible to develop uniform approach, especially at such tender age. Someone stronger, it can give big loading at once. It is pleasant to one more when it is driven on water on a back, another tries to turn over on a tummy at once. Happens, children do not love when water gets to them on the person, in that case preparation for diving can take more long time. Therefore if there is opportunity, invite or visit the skilled instructor to whom you trust. He will explain how it is correct to hold the kid, will give useful tips concerning your child.

Independent occupations with children require big return from mothers. You should not carry out methodically everything that was subtracted in books or the Internet, - listen to your kid, you look at his reactions, think out the elements - the main thing that they gave to the child pleasure.

With what to begin


should be Begun with

with itself. From mother`s tranquility and confidence that water is not danger which should be afraid, but the natural and healthy environment, in which it is possible to be. So far you have a fear of water while water causes in you tension, you not can is sure and be engaged quietly with the child. That is, such occupations will not do good to either you, or him. Do not begin occupation, setting the task to teach the child to float. Your task - to acquaint the child with the water environment, to add to his experience, to diversify his impressions and to sate his life with positive emotions. Swimming then will become just result of all this, a pleasant positive bonus which will surely come if you are consecutive in occupations. Just know that all children start walking, and in water all children begin to swim - someone earlier, someone later, but surely begins. And even moreover - at the birth all children are able to swim. And regular trainings help the child to develop and fix this ability in the water environment.

before occupations should consult with the pediatrician, the neurologist, the orthopedist. They will examine your child and will tell whether he can be engaged in water. Swimming is shown to practical all children and in many cases it is even recommended by doctors as therapy and rehabilitation, however there are exceptions. Classes in water are not given during the sharp period of diseases, at skin infections and rashes, heavy heart diseases and a convulsive syndrome.

you got approval of the pediatrician and neuropathologist? Remarkably! But you should not run at once with the baby to the pool. For the kid from the birth and till 5 - 6 months the big house bathtub can become the pool.

So, your kid is healthy, full (but not right after food), is happy, does not want to sleep. Mother is full of determination to open for him a way to big swimming. We fill well washed up (better with soda) a bathtub water and forward!

we Swim in a bathtub


there has to be water in a bathtub? It is considered that for bathing of babies water temperature has to be about 37 degrees. However this temperature not really is suitable for swimming - it too warm and the kid in it relaxes. The water is more cool, the kid is more active, the it is less than probability of his overcooling, the effect more revitalizing and tempering is rendered by water procedures. Temperature of 34 degrees will be optimum, but it is important to look at reaction of the kid - if such water does not give him pleasure, then it is better to make it warmer - 35 - 36 degrees. How many the first occupation lasts? It is necessary to look at reaction of the child. Begin approximately from 10 minutes. Every day you will slightly - increase slightly time which the kid spends in water (by the end of the year it will make 45 - 60 minutes) and to gradually do water of more cool, having brought it approximately to 28 degrees (water temperature in the usual pool).

The the child, the more important for it a situation in which classes are given is more senior than

. In water there have to be bright toys behind which the kid will swim or which will need to be got from a bottom. It is good to accompany occupations with pleasant music. Talk to the kid during occupations, smile to him, you praise more often. If the bathtub sizes allow - climb together with the child there. Do not do methodical working off of conductings and divings of occupation - in water it is possible to play, lap. Even it is possible to feed the kid in a bathtub. The most important - to derive pleasure from stay in water.

Small children begin to swim at first under water. When the kid is able to float some distance under water on a breath delay, he will begin to learn to raise the head or to turn it for a breath. Therefore at the first stages the child needs to master diving and ability to keep in water independently. It is carried out by means of various conductings of the child in water in situation on a back and on a stomach and gradual schooling to diving. When conductings small children hold usually by the head and the top part of a coat hanger. It is possible to hold with one or two hands, the main thing that it was convenient to you and the child. Supports have to be free - such that kids could show and fix a swimming reflex. Except horizontal conductings it is possible to keep the kid in water vertically, supporting for the handles and legs pressed to a tummy - in an embryo pose. In such pose lift the kid up - down in water (make peculiar “jumps“), and in process of accustoming the child will plunge more and more under water - at first on a coat hanger, then up to a neck, to a chin, on a mouth, on a nose, with the head. It will be at the same time both preparation for diving, and training of a delay of breath under water.

of the Kid carry out in a bathtub by “eights“ - eight - ten circles on a stomach, then rest in vertical position, then 8 - 10 circles on a back. On turns of the kid bring to a bathtub side so that it bent legs, and straightening them, made a start. The quantity of such cycles increases gradually in process of increase in duration of occupation. From 3 - 4 months it is possible to use also autonomous supports - “the mermaid`s cap“ (a hat with the foam blocks inserted into it). Gradually your support will decrease. At first in situation on a stomach you will hold the kid for the top part of a back, a neck and a nape, then approximately to the 15th occupation it is possible to hold the kid “spoon“ - having clasped a nape with one hand, then four fingers, then tips of two fingers. When using “the mermaid`s cap“ from it gradually pull out two foam blocks. At regular (not less than 3 - 4 times a week) occupations by 4 - 5 months of the child can already independently float in situation on a back.

we Dive? We dive. We dive!


, most of all fears cause diving in parents. However there is it from - for the fact that parents are afraid to immerse the child under water. But on occupations by swimming not to do without diving. If the child was correctly prepared for immersion, then this exercise will not cause in it unpleasant emotions. Especially you should not be afraid that it can choke. Till 3 months the reflex of a delay of breath will not allow the kid to swallow water, and hit of water in ears is absolutely safe.

How to prepare the child for diving? For this purpose during conductings and jumps begin to water to the kid on a face water. If it is unpleasant to the kid, begin with a nape, gradually you pass to a forehead, then when the kid gets used, - water on a face. It is possible to give at the same time command “we dive“. When the kid ceases to react to watering of a face water, will close eyes and to hold the breath - means, he will be ready to immersion.

At immersion at first we water a face and we lower the kid in water literally for a second, in process of accustoming begin to see off the kid under water on 1 - 2 meter. For reliability you can cover a mouth and a nose of the kid with a palm. Diving is, first of all, ability to correctly regulate the mode of a breath and an exhalation. Therefore it is very important to monitor breath of the child - when he takes a breath when an exhalation when he holds the breath. Seize the moment “a breath - an exhalation - a delay“ and water and lower the kid under water at this moment. Then begin to release slowly the kid during immersion “in free floating“ - at first literally for a second, then on two and more. Your confidence will be the key to success of the kid.

That should not be done in water:

  • not to force an event - to sharply increase occupation time, to sharply reduce water temperature. It will only weaken an organism of the kid, but will not revitalize it;
  • not to pass
  • to the following step in training, previous is not mastered yet;
  • not to do to
  • what you do not understand;
  • not to work with
  • for result and to wait from the child of fast progress - the purpose of occupations in water not for result, but occupations;
  • not to be guided by others, you look only at the child, that it can, and you are proud even of the smallest success;
  • do not compare it to others;
  • do not use extras (oversleeves, vests, circles): they can fix skill of the wrong (vertical) situation in water at the child;
  • do not lose sense of humour.

we Go to the pool

For someone earlier, for someone later, but the “bathing“ period of familiarizing with water comes to an end: to the kid there is not enough place for swimming. Now the pool is necessary. It is better if it is a special paddling pool - a splash pool with flowing system of water purification in which mother is in water together with the child. Remarkably, if in such pool the instructor able to be engaged with children under three years is able to advise you. But even if in your pool there will be such instructor, you remain the most important trainer for the kid all the same only.

the Space of the pool opens a scope for occupations and games. But the kid who was perfectly engaged in a bathtub can be frightened first of a large amount of water in the pool. You should not hurry him. In the first occupations you can just resemble in water, having strong embraced and considering the events around.

How to be engaged in the pool? Do the same conductings, but you hold the kid any more not for a head (as baby), and for handles or by legs, facing yourself or from yourself. When you hold the kid by legs (for hips) the kid can hold hands a board or a stick, can anything not hold. Take with it detours on water, keeping it for one, for other handle in situation on a back. If the kid is able to float - release him from yourself that it reached a side (short flight of stairs) or, on the contrary, from a short flight of stairs or a side to you.

At first the distance which the kid has to overcome will be minimum (literally distance of an outstretched arm). Gradually increase it. Continue to jump in water with the kid. It can stand facing you and lean on your hips, and you will hold it for handles. It is possible to jump in an embrace, gradually plunging more and more deeply into water. If the kid strong holds you - try to give a ride to him on a back, periodically falling under water or on a stomach (you will float then on a back). For diving use a side: put the kid on him and let`s jump off to you in water. At first you hold the kid for handles, then for one handle, then pick up at the surface, then the kid will begin to come up independently, and you will gradually depart from a side, increasing distance which the kid will float. Dive together - holding hands, the person to each other that at immersion the kid could see your person, your smile. If the child quietly plunges into water - release him under water, he will independently come up. It is possible to dive also from mother`s hands. It is good if you go not one to the pool, and with the husband or with someone from relatives. Then the kid can be released to float from mother to the father. It will be possible to throw the kid into water, and your workmate will catch him - at first at a water surface, then in water.

Dive with the kid several times in a row, carefully monitoring his breath - it is necessary for development of swimming skills. When kids already well dive and hold the breath for a long time, andthe m can give a task to collect toys from a dock apron. It is possible to begin trainings at home in a bathroom. Pour water on slightly - slightly, then is higher and higher. When the kid quietly hangs the head under water and to get toys, suggest it to do the same in the pool.

the Kid floated - what`s next?

What this happiness - your kid floated! You can be proud of both him, and yourself! But you should not teach the kid “correctly to work hands and legs“ if you not the trainer. Unfortunately, consequences of such training will are very deplorable. Incorrectly put equipment can be fixed, and then it will be difficult to trainer to retrain the child. When your child already manages to move on water independently, your task will begin to show to the child that water can hold him even in case it in it does nothing (will not row with hands and legs). You teach the child to slide on water, holding a board (a hoop, a stick), by your hands, making a start from you or from a side, you learn to hang in water without the movement (“asterisk“), you learn to exhale correctly in water, to dive, getting objects from a bottom. From 3 - 4 years it is usually already possible to send children to preparatory group to the trainer where with them will be engaged before transition by 7 years to the usual pool.

Never late to begin

there is nothing terrible that you began to be engaged with the kid after a year. Swimming all the same will bring it huge benefit. But in this case the preparatory period will take more long time. Let at first the kid get used to “small water“ - to a bathroom. Show to the child of the presentation with photos of children in the pool, read verses and stories about the sea, you watch pictures, listen to songs. Draw, you mold, play with toys - let them at you float, dive. Sooner or later any kid will want to try to do everything. And when you will appear together in the pool, your main task will be not to frighten off the child, not to fight off it desire to be in water. Of course, after a year all classes with kids are given in a game form. You not just learn to breathe in water - and start up bubbles (it is possible even to compete who will let bubbles more - the little swimmer or his mother), do not get a toy from a bottom, and hunt for treasures. You squat in water and become gnomes, and then grow up again; you dive into a hoop as a lion on the arena of underwater circus; you do not lower the person in water, and you try to look that for a surprise hid under water. You play a game of tag, the submarine, you visit inhabitants of underwater depths. The games will be more various and more cheerful, the it is more than pleasure and pleasures are received also by you and the child, especially occupations will be productive.