Musicians in short panties. Welcome part I
, loss of time does not affect with such evidence, as at education of the child anywhere. The adult pro-rolling on a sofa with the empty trashy book, perhaps will make up for time if he goes to bed later. The child who was left in the basket of education - labor, intellectual, physical or musical - loses some precious qualities of the personality which are difficult for returning. Difficult, but it is possible. Therefore we will excessively not dramatize a situation. If you did not take the first steps in musical education in the earliest childhood, then start it today when to your child 4 or 5 years.
Hearing of music
At the correct musical development children at this age before hearing of music settle more conveniently, become silent. They learn familiar music, joyfully report about it to adults. Can state the impression about music:“ The good song “, “ Tam sings a birdie “, “ I hear how wind“, etc. rustles. Some can pick up the heard melody on a children`s musical inmtrument or on the real piano.
Children different. One sociable, like to do everything together, ask if something is unclear; others look for the answer to the question interesting them independently. The first majority. Here such lump of energy runs on the apartment, and, apparently, nothing not in forces to stop its attention for a long time. But here he sees that you sit not movably and listen to music. Sociable children will not sustain and will surely ask:
- What you do?
- I Listen to music.
- What music?
is a symphony.
- What else symphony?
- the Symphony is when many tools play together, telling about something important.
- And it is interesting?
- Very much.
that the child will ask:
- Is possible I will listen?
- Is possible, only do not play about. Do not talk. And, if bothers you, leave.
Though the similar way of familiarizing with hearing of music of preschool children functions not always, but to try to work in this direction costs. The child on the example of adults acquires that listen to music attentively. At the same time do not talk, do not disturb others. Considerable value has also that children see how the adult who is always so busy does not hurry, listens to music with concentration, does not distract. The personal example is more effective than the most eloquent words.
How to tell about music
Many consider that it is not obligatory to explain to the child at all what is the symphony or the sonata. All the same supposedly will not understand. He will not understand, of course, in what essence of the symphony. It is right. But he learns that such form exists and that music has the different forms. Assimilation of knowledge of music, musical instruments, composers and musicians (certainly if it is told about all this to available kids by language) helps musical development of the child. It is the best of all to tell about musical instruments in shape which is the closest to the little person. In the form of the fairy tale.
the Tale of a violin
Listen to the play where the violin sounds. And the fairy tale can be told against gentle violin music.
Show to the child the image of a violin. Or draw. It is even better if at your place naylyotsya the toy violinist. It is absolutely good if there is real. And now tell the fairy tale which is thought up by us about a violin. Are sure that many parents possessing bigger, than we the imagination, can think up the fairy tale better. It is good if it is possible to enter game elements into hearing of the fairy tale.
Attention, game. you write answers to the fairy tales provided here and others, thought up by you on a subject, questions in advance and you display sheets on a table under corresponding to numbers. Before beginning to tell the fairy tale, explain to the child of a condition of game. For example, so:
- Now I will tell you the fairy tale about the tool which is called the queen of music, - a violin. Then I will ask questions. Listen carefully. For each correct answer the point is received by you. For wrong - I. Vyigrvyvayet the one who will receive more points.Are sure by
that after such introduction the child will listen to the fairy tale attentively and with a great interest.
In one kingdom, in one state there lived a girl. Parents loved it music. Therefore they called the girl Skripka and taught to play her on a violin. The girl grew up and became the musician. She drove about on the cities and villages, played a violin and brought to people joy.
In this kingdom there lived an angry person. He did not love music, and it was not pleasant to him that people rejoice, kogdav hear violin sounds. Once before a concert it secretly made the way to the room where the violin lay, and cut three strings. And the fourth did not manage to cut the last. However the girl managed to play very well and on one string.
Then at other concert the angry person made the way again to the room where the violin lay, and pulled out all hair from a bow which Skripka elicited a sound. This time the villain managed to break a concert because the girl had no other bow. And, above all - in this kingdom there was no horse whose of tail it was possible to take hair for a bow.Skripka without bow could not play
. The girl sat on the road and cried. At this time by the prince from the neighboring kingdom passed on a white horse.
- What you cry? - the prince asked. I have no
- a horsehair for a bow, and I cannot play a violin, - Skripka told.
- do not cry. I will give you a hair from a tail of my horse, - the prince told.
It implanted hair from a tail of the horse into a bow, and Skripka played. Game of a violin and Skripka so were pleasant to the prince that he suggested the girl to go with him to his kingdom and to become his wife.
So Skripka became a queen, and her violin - the queen of music.Questions to the fairy tale
- As called
the girl and the instrument which she played?
- How many at a violin of strings?
- As is called what drive on strings and elicit a sound? - Of what hair on a bow are made
- Why the angry person cut off strings on a violin and pulled out a hair mz a bow?
, certainly. Answers distinctly, printing letters write on other party of a leaflet that the children able to read read them.to Tell
about music so that to the child it was interesting, difficult. It is noticed that most of all little listener is interested in a childhood of the musician or composer. Or stories which heroes are children.
the Story about “March of wooden tell-tales“ of P. Tchaikovsky
At Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky was 8 - the summer nephew Volodya Davydov. He liked to play at soldiers, and the composer devoted to him this marshal Volodya got from a box of tell-tales. If you want, and you get the tell-tales and put them in a row. You see, they stand exactly and wait for team. The order was distributed, music began to sound, and they went. Listen, and you will hear as vigorously and accurately they go: “Time - two! Time - two!“ Soldiers pass by Volodya who reviews the troops.
After such story children understand that music is capable to express something quite certain. They have an interest in understanding that music expresses, and, therefore, there is a desire to listen to music.
About children`s mood
About children`s mood several words separately. Today`s, momentary mood plays for the child a considerable role (in much bigger degree, than at the adult), both when hearing music, and at occupations on a musical instrement. Yesterday, in sunny successful day everything to it was in pleasure. And today something is not got on, and music only irritates him. Well! Concerning children, especially small, the exact schedule and a strict ditsiplina are not always pertinent. On the contrary, here, in our opinion, flexibility and ability to compromises is necessary.
we Know a family in which for five children the daily routine was painted to trifles. And parents set for themselves the task to precisely adhere to the made schedule. Any deviations from it were rigidly cut off. The result appeared deplorable. As soon as children grew up and left from - under control of parents, they that is called “had a ball“: left a family, early entered the sexual relations, even did drugs. Won against aspiration to escape from - under systems of suppression of children`s desires which not always coincide with desires of adults. So happens when the water which is long constrained by a dam breaks on freedom, flooding all around.Should not violently force children to do to
to what today at them the soul does not lie.
Muzykaklny taste of children, as a rule, depends on taste of parents
What - to allow to listen to music at preschool age? It is correct to answer this question important as musical taste of kids is only formed and they are not capable to distinguish good music from bad, uninteresting. We consider that taste of children has to be cultivated on classics, it is accustomed to good music.to
music for children quite approaches definition which S. Marshak for children`s literature gave:“ It has to be written as for adults, it is only much better“. Both in classical music, and in “easy“ (division it is rather conditional) children have preferences. We do not undertake to explain why, but zamechno that, for example, small listen to Mozart especially willingly. Who knows why? It is not excluded that the composer who in the childhood had glory of the child prodigy kept in the music that bright, children`s, forgotten partially by us, adults, perception of the world. And therefore it is especially clear to little listeners...
we Know a family in which the girl with pleasure listened to Chopin`s music. In other family the father was fond of modern music, and Hindemith was a favourite composer of his six-year-old daughter. The son of one of authors in four years liked to listen to “Moonlight Sonata“ of Beethoven “. Children, - I. P. Pavlov wrote, - thinly adopt not only habits and manners of adults, but also their emotions“.the Composition of music Happens to
and so: after hearing of the music connected to the story kids try to compose music. Especially often it occurs after learn that some composers and musicians composed music in the childhood. If in the house there is a piano or children`s musical instruments, the kid long sits, pressing keys and listening to sounds. It is not necessary to stop it even if sounds seem to you senseless. On the contrary. Such attempts should be encouraged in every possible way: “Oh, well done! Well - repeat once again! As at you fine it turned out! As though the bear passed... As though the little squirrel ran...“ Etc.
Here several councils
- Record a melody with the tape recorder. Then together with the child listen. Try to express
- in words what the music written by the kid what mood in it is expressed is similar to.
- Think up the name of a melody together with the young composer.
- If you manage, write down the children`s composition in notes.
- Let at children who learns to play some musical instrument own works will be included into repertoire.
- Good incentive to the composition of music. Think up a sad melody. Or cheerful. Or a song lullaby melody for a doll. Compose a melody to the poem. In our opinion, it is good to use children`s verses A. Bartho, S. Marshak, K. Chukovsky and other popular authors for these purposes. Good children`s verses well lay down on music.
images. Therefore they with pleasure draw that they hear. Especially it belongs to pieces of music of a graphic hzarakter. Where the image put in music is expressed clearly and distinctly. Sometimes even in the name of the play, as, for example, in “A children`s album“ of P. Tchaikovsky, R. Schuman or, say, in plays for children S. Maykapar, A. Grechaninov and other composers.
of Light (7 years), having listened to Tchaikovsky`s play “A doll illness“, drew a doll in a bed with the face painted with a red pencil (“It has a high temperature!“) and mother with the thermometer in a hand.Maxim (6 years) according to the play “In a Garden“ of Maykapar drew with
the children playing in a pesochniitsa, and 7 - summer Masha according to the play “Autumn Song“ of Chaykovskey - the sad girl sitting at a window, at which it is raining.
Try to connect drawing and music upside-down Show to the child drawing and ask to compose a melody on this drawing.