How to learn fast reading
The one who quickly runs the text eyes, for example, with a speed of 3000 signs a minute, but acquires only 20% of information, actually reads slowly, with a speed only 600 signs a minute. Reading with a transmission of important information is not always acceptable. It is preferable if it is necessary just to check the text to find something concrete. But it is possible to read quickly, at the same time everything to understand also everything that it is necessary, to remember.reading Speed to 600 signs a minute is considered
very slow, from 900 signs a minute - slow, from 1500 signs a minute - normal, from 3000 signs a minute - fast. Reading with “panoramic“ speeds - 10 000 and more signs a minute is possible.these Figures very are also very conditional
. For reading, for example, the self-instruction manual on a foreign language they cannot be indicative in any way. Texts strongly differ on the informational content and legibility. It is necessary to read textbooks slowly, and fast reading well is suitable for the repetition studied even if at the first slow reading material seemed difficult.are obvious to
of advantage which the fast thinking gives. But these advantages when reading are nullified if the person cannot quickly read out information. Besides, if the attention is spent for reading, then it slows down also thinking speed.to Fast reading can study
, doing special exercises some of which draw unnecessary foreign attention to itself, but it is possible to study, having just changed the manner to read. The second approach is more natural and more beautiful.
the Principles of fast readingto
- of Is read slowly. should not Hurry. Speed of reading should not exceed understanding speeds. Reading with a speed exceeding understanding speed - waste of time and strengthening in a bad habit. To learn to read quickly, it is necessary to learn to read slowly. Unfortunately, on courses of fast reading often forget about it and, on the contrary, on haste adjust. The one who tries to move quicker than the speed hurries, blocks development of abilities and reduces the natural speed. The one who moves with the speed - progresses in development extremely slowly. The one who moves a little more slowly than the speed - develops the abilities, and its natural speed grows.
It belongs not only to reading, but also to any activity. Possibly, learned to read quickly naturally those who since the childhood read to themselves in pleasure, without hurrying.
does not exist such tension of consciousness which would make possible fast reading therefore it is not necessary to aspire to it and it is not necessary to look for such tension. What will not come easily - at all will not be given. Your task - to mobilize resources “unconscious“ which, actually, and ensures successful functioning. And the person whom plague with unreasonable requirements cannot well work.
Creative work is blocked by such bad presence very strongly, primitive work suffers less. Do not “plague“ “unconscious“ - it is necessary to learn to trust it and to give it so much time how many it will be required.
Is read to
- without regressions. The one who did not study effective reading, reads, as a rule, chaotically - his look repeatedly comes back to already read. Haste does returns by more frequent. Similar jumping, called by regressions, reduce not only the speed of reading, but also attention - why to be attentive if it is possible to return and re-read? Also badly affect jumping from one place of the text quality of reading on another, for example, since the beginning of the text for the end and back. The first condition of fast reading is a refusal of unnecessary returns to read, development of a habit to read only forward. This approach is applicable not only to fast reading, but also to any work. In general, all those principles which work in fast reading work also in other areas of life.
Is read to
- without pronunciation. the Habit to understand only what was spoken limits the reading speed because it is possible to read several times quicker, than to speak. Usually reading is followed by an unconscious articulation, but it is possible to learn to read silently. For this purpose use, for example, the following exercises.
Traditional exercise - knock - a rhythm
For suppression of an articulation when reading can use exercise knock - a rhythm - a reading combination to an otstukivaniye not of the simplest, but also not the most difficult rhythm. At first it is impossible to combine reading with an otstukivaniye. Then it turns out to read without understanding and storing. Further - to read with understanding, but without storing. And, at last, - to read, understand, remember.
Reading under music to eliminate internal pronunciation can be read to
under music. It is only important to listen to it at the same time. Stronger the reading combination to singing or playing a musical instrument works. To tick a rhythm, accompanying music and, perhaps, singing along, more interestingly. These exercises it is more natural and more pleasant - the person practicing them does not draw excess attention to himself, but they work not less effectively, than knock - a rhythm. Also, under music or own singing, it is possible to print on the computer or to combine reading with listening of news. Absolute suppression of an articulation is not obligatory - important to learn to understand the printed word, directly, using the visual analyzer, not transferring what was seen to spoken.
Is used by
- peripheral sight. Prochityvaniye of each letter slows down reading and does not promote understanding. The one who sees several letters, the word entirely at once is in more advantageous situation. Some can see entirely not only short, but also long lines, grab with one look the whole paragraphs or even the page. If the person sees all line entirely, then his eyes do not run a zigzag any more, and he should not spend time for return by the beginning of the next line. He can read very quickly - the vertical movement of eyes. By means of exercises for expansion (to tell more precisely, for clearing) sight approximately in a month it is possible to make active those abilities which were available, but remained unclaimed. And physical exercises quickly return a tone to the muscles which weaned from work. Actually development happens from month to month, from year to year - it is not necessary to count on fast result. But clearing of sight costs efforts, it gives advantage not only when reading. It means, no more, no less, a precise mind and good health.
Traditional exercises - a green point and Shulte`s tables By O. Andreyev`s technique for expansion of sight is offered to
a combination of two exercises - reading of digital tables of Shulte and contemplation of the page with a green point in the center. Shulte`s tables are read out by peripheral sight while the look remains fixed in the center of the table. Exercise can be done under music. Contemplation of the page with a green point is offered to be carried out within three months before going to bed, on several minutes every day. Having recorded a look on a green point, to try to see all page entirely. It sees each other at first not clearly, but then, suddenly, for some moment, there is a clearing of a look. Such here moments of clarity demonstrate sight expansion.
Reading with contemplation
Can behold pages and without green points. During slow reading some plain text to stop a little for contemplation. The look should not be fixed rigidly, but to what place of the page it would not be sent, it is necessary to try to see it entirely. Then it is possible to continue slow reading again again to take a break for contemplation of the page.
In front of the screen
I at cinema, and at the TV is possible, looking at the screen, to see it entirely, using peripheral sight, not following interesting object the movement of eyes, but following only attention.
the Cat`s look Is offered to
, walking in park or in other beautiful place where there are no cars, to look only forward and to see everything around. If you do not want to confuse passersby with a “hypnotic“ look, put on dark glasses.
wearing spectacles with the closed glass can read Reading to
of People with normal sight, using points for far-sighted (approximately plus one and a half dioptries). At short-sightedness points are not necessary, and at far-sightedness it is possible to choose points one and a half dioptries stronger, than those which compensate far-sightedness. In this case eyes do not strain for focusing on the page. If to put on a strip of dark fabric one glass, then when reading by one eye the look will be absolutely weakened as there will be also no tension connected with convergence (convergence) of eyes. Having read some time one eye, it is possible to move a strip to read others. It is so possible to read as much as necessary, absolutely without exhaustion. Such reading is usually not contraindicated also to those who cannot read much from - for problems with eyes. Of course, the page has to be well lit. At such reading eyes is guided according to the picture, at the same time peripheral sight as on volume it is not necessary to count will be mobilized.
- we Run insignificant. Those who read quickly incoherent places of the text, nothing essential not reporting, pass quicker; those who are not able to read quickly on these places brake, trying to comprehend what the sense lacks to. On empty it is not necessary to be fixed. It is necessary to see banal and repeatedly told as what you should not spend attention for. Not always it is necessary to remember a name of the author, publishing house, date, the name of article. The one who sets a task all this to remember and at the same time to read daily on several articles, that sets a task commensurable with learning of foreign language without repetition, from the first, between times.
should Remember only really important. Sometimes it is necessary to remember a name of the author (if the author is interesting by something), date of the edition (if it matters) and so on - but not always, and empty literature can be not read at all.
- we Note the main thing (“integrated algorithm“). On the necessary information it is necessary to be slowed down, as if to designate it pauses, reduction of speed. It helps to remember and comprehend, but practically does not reduce reading speed. The pause not necessarily has to be long. That the main thing in the text - everyone solves for himself. The editor, for example, always sees, the text is how competently written and the thought is how it is clear stated. The psychoanalyst sees game “unconscious“, conducting the line. The politician - all that characterizes the opponent shows his weaknesses. The screenwriter - opportunities for a script writing.
- the main idea - the main thesis - a dominant;
- a system of the arguments proving the main idea;
- what in life can be useful;
- new, original;
- disputable unreasonable;
- hidden suggestions.