April. Seius tomatoes of
In the 18th century the famous Russian agronomist A. T. Bolotov (1738 - 1833) brought from Europe seeds of an unusual plant - the Peruvian “gold apple“ (the primogenitor of a modern tomato) which long time was grown up only as decorative and considered poisonous. Many years left on convincing society of edibility and usefulness of this vegetable. But in cold climatic conditions of Russia and at short summer “gold apple“ did not grow ripe.
Then Bolotov suggested to sow seeds of this plant in the room in usual flowerpots in the second half of March. At emergence of two - three real leaflets he replaced seedlings in pots of bigger volume, and after approach of stable warm weather landed seedling in an open ground, receiving the ripened fruits at the end of summer. Thereby Bolotov proved a possibility of cultivation of this tasty vegetable in Russia.
Since then and till present idea A. T. Bolotova about cultivation of tomatoes through seedling did not undergo changes and even extended to other cultures having the long vegetative period.
One of indispensable conditions of receiving qualitative seedling of tomatoes, and further a big crop - cultivation of seedlings (from shoots before sword-play) at the constant lowered temperature: 12 - 15 ° C in the afternoon and 8 - 10 ° C at night. It is difficult to support the corresponding temperature and light condition in house conditions, and its non-compliance in the subsequent leads to the fact that plants become less steady, even superearly ripening varieties and hybrids perish in a stage of full fructification from infectious diseases which causative agents collect in the soil from year to year at warm winters. As a result interest of gardeners in cultivation of tomatoes falls every year in spite of the fact that the fruits which are grown up in own garden more tasty and are more curative than purchased.
can Facilitate laborious work, having excluded the rassadny period from technology of cultivation. It was noticed three centuries ago that the seeds which got in the fall to the soil with approach of warm spring days sprout, and the plants which grew from them well develop and yield fruits. These supervision repeatedly confirmed - seeds of tomatoes can maintain severe conditions. Besides now we have a set of early early ripening varieties and hybrids of tomatoes which ripen on 75 - 85 - y day from emergence of shoots. Some gardeners - fans already in practice were convinced of efficiency of crops of seeds of tomatoes directly in soil in the early spring. The tempered plants which grew from them become steady against sharp cold snaps and gain high immunity to diseases. Plants blossom earlier and yield a set of the ripened fruits.
we Prepare for spring crops
First of all we will choose a grade or a hybrid of tomatoes. It has to be early, undersized, with a strong stalk - shtamby and not to demand a pasynkovaniye. There is a lot of such grades, among them there is Anjelica, Winter cherry, the Wind rose and others, from hybrids: Malyshok, Carlos, Kuzya, Junior.
the Place for landing has to be solar and is protected from North side, for example by a board. It is good to arrange a bed for tomatoes behind the greenhouse, from its South side.If the way in a garden is not paved by
since fall, before crops loosen its top thawed layer and bring humus or compost. To the heavy soil add peat, sawdust, ashes.
in the middle of a bed dig out a flute of 25 - 30 cm in depth and fill in it the rerotting compost, ashes, a little kaliyno - phosphoric fertilizers. Then at distance of 35 - 40 cm one from another do holes, put in them on depth of 1,5 - 2 cm three - four a seed, powder with the earth, level and slightly condense.
For crops are used by only dry seeds, with use of regulators of growth or other preparations they do not need preliminary soaking. Crops time: the second half of April or the beginning of May, night frosts to the sowed seeds of tomatoes are not terrible.- four real leaflets seedlings thin out
At emergence of three, leaving one strongest in a hole. Without sword-plays and changes of a plant develop quicker as time for survival and adaptation to new conditions is not required. Tomatoes, as a rule, grow strong, with short interstices and leaves darkly - green coloring. Water only them with warm water and infrequently as rod roots are deeply in the soil and eat underground moisture. In case of night frosts the bed with plants is covered with any ukryvny material, using for this purpose arches for hotbeds by the bed size.
in the course of growth for the purpose of receiving larger and early the ripening fruits at tomatoes are deleted by radical stepsons, and at more tall plants including at hybrids, - tops and the turned yellow lower leaves.
of Good luck and good harvest!