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The toy for all times of

the First-ever adult railroad was constructed in England between the cities of Manchester and Liverpool in 1830. With rails on which by itself engines ran nearly fifty years were necessary to wait for the toy railroad. It appeared in 1880 - x years and became a favourite entertainment of many generations of boys. Still! The motor buzzes so far and the structure slides, it is possible to become both the passenger, and the driver, and the switchman, and the station-master.

the Attention, the train goes

the First-ever adult railroad was constructed in England between the cities of Manchester and Liverpool in 1830. With rails on which by itself engines ran nearly fifty years were necessary to wait for the toy railroad. It appeared in 1880 - x years and became a favourite entertainment of many generations of boys. Still! The motor buzzes so far and the structure slides, it is possible to become both the passenger, and the driver, and the switchman, and the station-master.

Cheap locomotives were put in action by springs. In expensive sets engines equipped with the real steam-engine, a copper and a spirit-lamp instead of a coal fire chamber. Models of engines and cars did 43,5 times less than the presents. The track for them turned out 32 mm wide (on the “big“ railroads almost in all European countries width of a track makes 1435 mm). The toy railroads of such size began to designate in figure “0“.

were unsafe

of the Toy with boilers, and that there was no trouble as, for example, with Carlson, the friend Malysha from Astrid Lindgren`s fairy tale at whom the copper blew up the railroad played under the open sky. Also called it “garden“ or “steam“.

the best toy trains at that time did

at Maerklin and Bing`s factories in Germany, and also Uinmana Basset - Louka in England. The cars and locomotives made of a tin looked just as the presents.

More than ten years later there were toy railroads working from electricity. But only in 1920 - x years when their began to equip with the lowering transformers, a toy recognized safe for children - before, as well as in a case with steam roads, it was possible to play only under supervision of parents. Elektromotorchiki`s

. The railroad played in rooms now.“ Room“ roads began to designate “H0“ (Halb 0 that in translation from German “a half of zero“ means). Track width at them makes 16,5 mm, and all toy constructions are made in scale 1:87. H0 locomotives, whether it be engines, locomotives or electric locomotives, move on electrodraft (tension moves on rails).

became much more interesting to Play

with the railroads H0, approximately in the same scale do toy cars and planes. Therefore it is possible to build line of cars on a railway crossing and to move a way after pass of the train. And it is possible to organize on the car a pursuit of train, as at cinema.

of the Toy of steel of one size, but a power supply system, coupling devices, joints of a railway line and other elements at each factory did in own way. It was inconvenient, and in 1950 - x years the German experts suggested to let out sets of the toy railroads compatible. Now it was possible to get a so-called starting set, and then to buy in addition to it for choice rails and a rolling stock to carry out an additional branch, to start up one more train, to extend a route or to make a hill for formation of structures. And, tapping on shooters, the train slides, passing bridges and tunnels, stations, semaphores and barriers.

More or less difficult route from railway lines of the H0 size can be laid on a floor - for a table it turns out too big. But technical progress never does not stand still, and in 1960 - x years in the West began to do toy roads of a TT (table top that is translated from English as “desktop“) with a width of track of 12 mm in scale 1:120 and even with a track of 9 mm in scale 1:160. Our very few boys to whom parents brought them from - for borders were happy owners of the railroads TT. Now lets out the railroads TT joint rossiysko - the German enterprise in St. Petersburg.

In the Soviet Union only two enterprises where made dy - stvuyushchy models of the railroads H0 were p>

From a toy to the model. At Kursk plant “Schyotmash“ did trains of several cars with “Lamb“ (so called an old engine of the OV series in the people), and in the Belgorod production association “Sokol“ - the diesel - trains DR - 1A which plied between small settlements on unelectrified sites of the railroads of the Soviet Union.

the Range, of course, was small

- any comparison with factories abroad where did tens of models of locomotives and cars, including historical. But with it it would be possible to be reconciled if not poor quality of the electric motors which were often failing already through two - three hour of work.

enthusiasts - fans in Moscow, Yekaterinburg, Rostov-on-Don and other cities undertook production of models of the railroads, though in single copies. In semi-handicraft conditions they learned to reproduce very precisely in scale domestic railway equipment. In Russia there are tens of experts, whose products with a surname of the author as at works of art, stand on stands of the historical, local history and railway museums.

On what only tricks were not necessary to go! For example, for H0 locomotives at us did not release small electric motors, and foreign did not sell. By hook or by crook got DPM micromotors - 20 which made for military needs. Among other things they cost madly much, for reliability their contacts covered with gold and platinum.

can Nowadays buy

any “branded“ engines. But our handymen, as usual, go “the way“: now they, on the contrary, try to save, adapting for models motors from the used drives for a compact - disks (the laser reader usually fails earlier).

of the Master not only are done by models, but also remarkably equip space around. At first lay the route having usually an appearance of a loop or the eight and then from plaster, a papya - Masha, a wire, paper, plywood does surprisingly beautiful landscapes with tunnels, bridges, stations, green plantings.

Such models show

at annual exhibitions which are held in January in Ramenskoye of the historian - the art museum, in March - in Sankt - the St. Petersburg museum of railway transport, and in the middle of June - in Rostov-on-Don. Regularly gives halls and the Moscow Polytechnical Museum for such exhibitions.

Show simply fascinating: semaphores work, a switch is thrown, in tunnels at the locomotive the searchlight joins and in cars light lights up. Under impression of what was seen many school students decide to improve the railroad. It is possible to make first of a cardboard or plywood an interesting relief, then to replace standard cases of cars with something more original. Further - it is more, and here future modeller goes to a circle of technical creativity. For one hobby for the toy railroad remains to usual hobbies, and - opens for others a way to future profession.