Shar-Pei - a live riddle of China
At a Shar-Pei exotic appearance: the skin big is as if put on a small dog. French speak: “If you go on a visit and imprudently take with yourself a Shar-Pei, be not surprised to the fact that you will not be noticed just“.
Under historical evidences, ancestors of a Shar-Pei were quite large (to 80 kg). It is possible to assume that excess skin was formed in process of removal of smaller individuals.
Roots of this breed go to depth of centuries. It was known in China already at the time of a dynasty Han (206 BC - 220 AD) . What is confirmed by the figurines and images on objects of that period which are very reminding a Shar-Pei, or “a hansky dog“ found by archeologists.the Birthplace one researchers consider by
Tayli`s small village in the province Guandong, near Guangzhou, others - the town Dag Let in Kwong Tung`s province on the coast Is southern - the Chinese sea (both - the South of China). The third, on the contrary, incline that the first Shar-Peis - it is from Northern China or Tibet.do not have
authentic data and on an origin of these dogs. Two main versions are as follows: or a Shar-Pei happen from ancestors sleek-haired to a cha - a cha, or from ancient mastiffs (moloss). At a Shar-Pei and to a cha - a cha really similar addition and the common distinctive feature - blue language which does not occur at other breeds of dog. Chinese believed that blue language of a Shar-Pei, like an amulet, is capable to frighten off evil spirits.the Name of breed is translated to
as “a sand skin“ or “sand skin“. However it is connected not with a color of a dog, and with features of her wool cover to the touch reminding type of granular, prickly sand - “sphere“. Shchetinisty, short and absolutely direct hair of a Shar-Pei on a back and sides raised, but on extremities smoothed.the free skin and folds in a large number covering the head, a neck and the case are especially characteristic
Of puppies. At adult dogs they can be limited to area of the head, neck and withers.
In Ancient China the Shar-Pei was considered as a universal dog. With it hunted in mountains and on plains. He protected houses and cattle on pastures, struggled with mongooses who attacked birds in country farms.
Used a Shar-Pei due to a misunderstanding and as fighting dog. The powerful jaws and strong frame, small ears which are densely pressed to the head and not allowing the rival to seize them prickly wool with numerous folds gave it advantages in fight. However peaceful character opposed to fight. To bring a dog to the necessary state, gave to drink to her special grass infusions. Then it showed what it is capable in a fight of. However, all the same from a good-natured Shar-Pei the real fighter did not turn out.
However thanks to dog tournaments Shar-Peis began to live in houses of grandees, at temples and even got to the imperial palace. Owners saw in them luxury goods and the profitable income item.
At Min`s dynasty (1368 - 1644) situation in the country sharply changed: wars, hunger, ruin caused loss of interest in dogs and led to sharp reduction of their number.to
the Final blow to the Chinese dogs was struck by communists who considered pets by luxury, imposed on owners of any dogs huge taxes, and “hansky“, from - for participations in fights, forbade. > the Shar-Peis who were not in time unlike other Chinese dogs (Pekineses, to a cha - a cha) to locate
by p in Europe, began to disappear promptly.
K in China remained 1970 only several Shar-Peis. The dog became unique for dog breeders of the whole world. The rescue operation was performed from 1970 to 1975: the escaped Shar-Peis were brought together in China and taken out to Hong Kong, and from there - to the USA. In 1978 this breed was included in the Guinness Book of Records as the most rare and exotic that served as brilliant advertizing to a dog.
To Europe Shar-Peis was delivered in 1980, to Russia - in 1990 - m. Their breeding cultivation in Moscow began in 1993. In the fall of 1994 of puppies of a Shar-Pei in the Poultry market sold for 1000 - 1500 dollars, summer of 1995 - for 3500 - 4000 dollars. The peak of popularity of breed fell on 1996.
Today the conducting cynologists and manufacturers of America, France, Belgium, England, Denmark and Germany seek to keep decorative effect of a Shar-Pei, his distinctive features (a skladchatost of skin and a shchetinisty cover). At us pay attention to health and a prestigious family tree.
as a result of selection at a modern Shar-Pei as well as other breeds of dog, had a dilution of genetic fund. And now in his veins blood to a cha - a cha, a bullmastiff, a bulldog, the boxer and a bull terrier flows, and the color happens not only red, but also blue, chocolate, black, cream.
In the official standard of breed approved in 1981, a Shar-Pei was characterized the words “regal, alerted, clever, majestic, noble, gloomy, gloomy and haughty“.
A here is how Chinese figuratively describe this dog:“ The head has the form of a pear or a melon. The ear is similar to a sink of a sea mollusk, thick and small. The physiognomy reminds a wrinkled face of the elderly person. Language Xing - black color. A neck, as at a bison, strong, average length with a small dewlap. Hind legs brawny, thick and direct, forward - as at a dragon, are widely placed and emphasize a wide thorax. A back, as at a shrimp, strong and flexible, without failures behind withers. A tail as a wire, firm and thin, highly put over a back, with an abrupt curl. Pyast it is similar to a garlic head - thick, firm, with the fingers departing as garlic segments. Wool to the touch rigid and prickly, is similar to hair of a horse“.
Yes, the Shar-Pei is haughty with strangers, is haughty and does not wish to get acquainted with other quadrupeds, majestically accepts caress and compliments, is reserved in manifestation of feelings. But at the same time loves the house and vigilantly protects it. Very devoted, noble, tender and nonaggressive. Balanced and tactful. With the live, developed mind. Adores children. As the telepathist, is capable to feel intentions of strangers. If seems to it that the owner is threatened by danger, will take active actions.
In the apartment the Shar-Pei almost does not bark because not “bag of wind“. But when someone others comes, will surely warn members of household bark or growl.
Life expectancy of these dogs of 10 - 12 years.
Puppies perfectly give in to training, are clean and a little inclined to overindulgence.
Doctors recommend to get a Shar-Pei to people unbalanced, to hypertensive persons and hypotensives, cores. The dog helps to improve family climate, to bring out of stressful situations.
At contents should consider severe Russian climate: the Shar-Pei does not love cold and a heat. Needs long daily walks. If to owners not to it, patiently dozes, comfortably having been curtailed a ball in a corner. Will call to walk, will rise and will go without excess emotions as if made a favor to the owner. The loneliness transfers badly. For care of wool it is enough to comb out once a week a dog a brush.to
“A live riddle of China“, “a four-footed orchid“ - the Shar-Pei still remains unsolved. Who is he? Temple dog, universal hunter, watchman, fighter? Or a dog - the psychotherapist? Russians still should understand advantages of ancient Chinese breed.