Stimulation of touch development
All know that eyes - an organ of vision, ears - a sense organ, skin - an organ of touch (tactile perception), a nose - an organ of smell, language - an organ of taste. Not all, however, know that the person possesses one more sense organ: myshechno - the articulate device which is responsible for propriotseptivny perception, that is ability to define position of a body in space blindly.Development of some feelings begins
even before appearance of the child on light. These feelings sometimes call basic, and their stimulation within the first year of life of the child exerts decisive impact on development of his brain.
the Perception of the movement and balance begins to develop on the third month of pregnancy. At the same time stimulation of a fruit is carried out by the movements of mother.
Tactile perception begins to develop in the period of the last third of pregnancy. The baby feels mother`s touch to a stomach.
the Propriotseptivny perception begins to develop on 4 - m and 5 - m months of pregnancy. Stimulation is carried out when the baby pushes a mother`s stomach. It gives it feeling of “work“ of muscles on overcoming of resistance.
Acoustical perception. Approximately on the sixth month of pregnancy of mother the baby has an ability to hear its voice and sounds of environment.Visual perception experts do not refer
to basic feelings. According to results of experiments, the baby begins to distinguish light and darkness several weeks prior to the birth. But, having been born, the kid has to still learn to look and see. Stimulation is very important for development of visual perception.
Sense of smell, most likely, begins to develop from the moment of the birth.
the Flavouring perception develops thanks to stimulation which is provided by food and drink. In our life sense of smell and taste do not play such large role any more as in life of our ancestors, however for self-knowledge and an emotional aspect of life of the person value of these feelings is rather big.Why stimulation of touch development is so important
It was established that stimulation of basic feelings, visual perception, sense of smell and taste during early development influences a brain and causes a response in the form of motive reaction.
of the Detailed description of development of motive reactions should not be given. Important the fact that by means of movements the child investigates the relations in which there is his body and space begins to comprehend the relations between objects, and development of ideas of objects and the phenomena of world around is a development of intelligence.
Ordinary children receive stimulation of all specified feelings from environment. However even almost healthy children living in boarding schools are deprived of many incentives and therefore for ensuring their normal development it is necessary to give additional classes in psychomotor development.
Children with violations in development can not always get all useful diverse experience as easily as ordinary children. It is known that children to a Down syndrome quite often have touch violations. In such cases the brain cannot realize all the opportunities from - for insufficient touch stimulation. Sometimes in order that the weakened sense organs could react to stimulation or that the brain managed to cope with this or that specific incentive, stronger is required, the repeating stimulation made in lack of other influences is more often.
Intensive stimulation of sensory perception of children with special needs if to carry out it from six-months age, plus the early help yield amazing results even in cases of very heavy violations!
How to stimulate touch development
Perception of the movement and balance
the Baby. You carry it with yourself everywhere. It is possible to tie him to the body a piece of fabric as it is done by women in some countries of Asia and Africa, it is possible to hold on hands, to shake it in the cradle fixed at a ceiling.the Child is more senior than
. Allow him to untwist a cradle, play any games in which the child it is possible to turn, change his situation quickly or rhythmically, and also in games with dance elements.
Baby. Grease a body of the kid with cream, do a baby massage, play such “tactile games“ as “A horned goat“, “Forty - a crow“, roll a tennis ball on his body, stimulate tactile perception with subjects of the different invoice.the Child is more senior than
. Induce it to learn objects to the touch blindly, play games for tactile memory.
Baby. Place the kid in water, play with him in the pool with sides, do vibration massage.the Child is more senior than
. Induce the child to go back to front, to bypass obstacles blindfold (without forgetting about precautionary measures), play “statues“ (you accept some amusing pose, and the child has to copy it).
Baby. Make so that the kid could hear as much as possible sounds unlike at each other: jingling of a rattle, hand bell ring, singing, drumroll, sounding of a xylophone. Important reception is stimulation by sounds of very low frequencies. Place a sound source from the different parties, (it will be good incentive to turn the head towards a sound source), induce the kid most to make sounds. He can put on the head earphones via which he will listen to quiet stereophonic music (conditions under which he will hear some time the right ear, then several seconds both ears, then - only left).the Child is more senior than
. Induce the child to listen to different sounds and to define who or that makes them. It, for example, can be a tape recording of the sounds made by animals or sounds of everyday life. Induce it, having tied with a scarf eyes, to follow the partner, being guided only by a sound which that makes.
Baby. Suspend multi-colored objects over a bed of the kid, draw his attention with bright toys, induce to reach for them. Induce it to watch leave a moving toy or a light source (sometimes blinking), to turn the head to track movement of a subject, play “Ku - ku“ (cover the child`s head for a moment with a scarf, then move away him, speaking “To Ku - ku“, or induce him to pull together a scarf from the head, and it is possible to hide behind a screen and to appear again).the Child is more senior than
. Play in the dark room with an electric small lamp. It is possible to rise facing the child and a small lamp with weak light to spin in air. At the same time the child has to look after the movement of light, without turning the head.
Baby. When the kid ceases to be fed only with one milk, it should give various food, without mixing a dish among themselves that each of them kept the taste.the Child is more senior than
. Giving to the child, small pieces of different foods, induce it to guess blindly that he eats (it is not necessary to give, however, to it anything bitter or sharp).Sense of smell
the Child is more senior than
. Stimulate sense of smell, changing aromas and doing them by less and less sharp. Induce the child to notice a difference, ask what smells are pleasant to him. You bring different spices, objects with characteristic smells and let`s them smell. On walk pay attention of the child to smells of fresh flowers, needles. Arrange games on storing of smells. Among several smells induce to find identical. > it is important to p to begin with
occupations with the earliest age and to stimulate development of all feelings, without concentrating only on one. Watching the child, try to define what it most of all needs at what stage of the development he begins “to answer“ stimulation. Always you seek to achieve its reaction and to make him the participant of your joint occupations.