To themselves the hairdresser of
- both big, and small - say About neatness of the person, first of all, the well-groomed, accurately brushed hair. Therefore, forming skills of self-service in the child, it is necessary to teach him to hold a hairbrush in hand and to be able to use it independently, without the adult`s reminders.
to What and how to study
To 1 year. to Learn to brush the hair it is possible to begin with early age. At the correct leaving the kid since the birth gets used to a hairbrush: in the morning mother smoothes its down on a head a brush for hair, after bathing accurately combs out crusts a comb. At the age of 9 - 12 months it is possible to give to the child in hands a hairbrush. Let, looking at you, he will try to carry out by a hairbrush on hair. Of course, it will be only repetition of your actions, to achieve any result still early. At this age it is important to cause interest in a hairbrush in the baby, to develop and encourage aspiration to independent actions. Repetition of actions (for example, in the mornings after washing) will daily promote not only to formation of a habit to comb hair in the mornings, but also to development of small motility and coordination of movements of hands.
of 1 - 2 year. Aged from 1 year till 2 years the child starts walking, and hands at it on are sedately released. After 1,5 years there is an improvement of the manual actions demanding a forearm supination (the child begins to turn the door handle, to build turrets of cubes). Development of coordinate, any extension of fingers and active use of a thumb make a basis for improvement of manipulative activity. The child at this age actively masters objects, their properties and ways of action with them. After 1 year we begin to pay attention to how it is necessary to use a hairbrush. Explain to the child for what the hairbrush is necessary. Get up in front of the mirror that the kid saw the actions and result. Show how you comb hair, explaining that hair will become smooth and beautiful if to carry out by a hairbrush on hair from top to down. Bring the child`s hand to the basis of hair and ask to carry out by a hairbrush on hair down. At first direct a hand of the baby the hand, gradually releasing the child`s hand. Help the kid to comb hair behind, correct a hairdress if it is required. After you together combed hair, admire and glad what beautiful became your child (the result will be more evident if before combing hair are a little ruffled). Volosiki at the one-year-old kid still rare and soft, it is not difficult to comb them at all therefore formation of skill takes place in this age quite successfully.
the Age from 1 year to 2 years is one of the most favorable for education of such quality as neatness. From the very beginning comb hair only in one place, for example in a bathtub or in front of the mirror in a hall. Accustom the kid after combing most to put a hairbrush to the specially allotted place.
Imitating us every morning, the kid automatically gets used to process of combing of hair, remembering it as necessary action in life.
2 - 3 years. After 2 the child gradually laid down becomes more patient, it can longer be engaged in one business. Development of small motility leads to rather thin manipulation with objects, the movements in a luchezapyastny joint become more free. Gradually forming skill independently to brush the hair, it is necessary to complicate actions, achieving qualitative result. At this age it is possible to pay attention that combing is not only priglazhivany a hair a brush. It is important that the child himself tried to achieve a condition of smooth and brilliant hair. Ask the baby to get up in front of the mirror, to take a hairbrush in the right hand (or left, in dependence because what hand leading) and to comb at first hair on the right, then at the left, then - behind (here it will be necessary to help the kid as it will be inconvenient to comb hair behind to him for a long time), and at the end comb a bang. Remind the kid that it is necessary to carry out by a hairbrush from top to down.
Comb hair slowly, without hurrying, together with the child rejoicing to the achieved result, you praise it after each combing. If hair were mixed up in a small knot, help the kid to untangle them. After the termination ask the kid to be looked attentively in a mirror and to be convinced that he brushed the hair well. If from the kid the got confused lock sideways “hid“, prompt to him where it is necessary to carry out by a hairbrush once again.
by 3 years the child can Closer refuse independent actions: it means that he already learned what you taught it to, and to it is uninteresting to repeat same. Lingering on the achieved result, the kid can lose interest in independence. Therefore if you see that the baby seized skill of simple combing - go further, gradually complicating a task. Game therefore for maintenance of interest and fixing of skill with the girl it is possible to play the hairdresser becomes a primary activity aged from 2 till 3 years. It is possible to get a ready set of the hairdresser or to make it of the fact that there will be houses: old hairbrushes, the broken hair dryer (at which previously remove a cord with a fork), elastic bands, ribbons, hairpins.
Allow the baby to do to you a hair, periodically telling and showing as it is possible to brush hair, pin up a hairpin. Show how to braid braids and to do tails, fixing them by means of elastic bands or bows. Game in the hairdresser will fix skill and to promote maintenance of interest in so important issue. At this age the child with pleasure will play with various toys having long hair: long-haired dolls, horses with manes and tails. About 3 years when fingers became stronger, it is possible to teach girls to pin up hairpins and to put on rims. Ask the baby to take one hand a lock of hair, having strong pressed it, and another to insert a hairpin into hair and to latch. At first show several times as you use a hairpin, help the daughter - and she will master this simple science soon. Get hairpins of the small size (initially - hairpins - clothespegs), rather flexible that they could be undone and latch easily on hair independently that the three-year-old girl could cope with them. Rims have to correspond to the head size, not squeeze the head and not fall down, otherwise interest in such things will be lost.by
In 3 years at the child usually show such qualities as willfulness and negativism. The kid can be capricious, refusing to brush the hair daily. Be in that case quite firm in the requirements: it is necessary to brush the hair as the hairdress is our appearance and to look at the slovenly person simply unpleasantly. You ask the baby to rinse the hairbrush in warm water, previously having shown it as it becomes. Let the child will understand that the hairbrush is his personal subject which purity he watches. Once a week accidentally ask the kid: “And you already washed the hairbrush?“ - and the baby himself will periodically pay attention to a condition of this sanitary product over time.
After 3 years rapid development is undergone not only by manipulative activity of the child. The kid begins to make the first in the life independent decisions. The perception at this age becomes analyzing and comprehended. Acquaint the child with various hairdresses and hairstyles, showing them on pictures, on the TV or on surrounding people. At a campaign in a hairdressing salon at this age it is already necessary to ask the kid what he would like a hairstyle, ask the baby whether his hairdress is pleasant to it. If this moment of interest in itself is missed, then in the future the person whom own appearance does not interest at all can grow up from the child. Boys have enough to assign self-checking to the hairdress: the morning combing, combing after a dream or after walk when the headdress is removed, has to enter the list of obligatory affairs of the child. Never force the kid to brush the hair with force. If it is not pleasant to the child, at first establish and eliminate the reasons. The rigid hairbrush should be replaced with a hairbrush with softer touch to head skin. Boys and girls with short hairstyles after 3 years can try to comb hair without the aid of the adult: it is enough to remind first during the day:“ brush the hair, please, you shaggy“ and when the kid himself brushed the hair, to correct a hairdress. At a constant control the child will get used to watch himself over time.
of the Girl with a long thick hair will need the help of the adult at a combing for a long time. If a thick hair, is confused, the combing is very unpleasant to the girl, then it is necessary to use the means facilitating this procedure. If combing causes very negative reaction, perhaps, it is better to refuse long hair. The main thing - to create at the girl a habit independently, without reminder to pay attention to the hairdress. For example, in the morning, after a dream, after walk to look in a mirror, to smooth a brush the disheveled bang or the locks which are beaten out from a hairdress, if necessary to ask for the help mother or other adult:“ Correct, please, tails; be kind, braid braids“. If at the girl it is constant an accurate hairdress, then in the future to it it will be uncomfortable if hair are not brushed.Councils to parents
- Never suggest the kid to brush the hair with
after bathing. Wet hair quite hard comb hair and can get confused. The child can physically not get along with this case, and it will have a negative attitude to a hairbrush which “hurts it“ and “does not want“ to comb hair.
- Till 1 year (so far the child`s hair thin and rare) use not a hairbrush, but a brush: it is much softer and more pleasant than its touch to head skin.If hair got entangled with
- , hold with the hand a lock of hair slightly above a small knot (that it was not necessary to pull hair), and the kid let quietly combs at this time the got confused lock.
- If at your child a long thick hair grew, surely change a hairbrush with frequent teeth for more rare (or massage): combing has to bring pleasure and good mood, but not pain and irritation.
of 4 - 5 years. At this age the child has a requirement and desire not only to imitate adults, but also to really help them. Time to teach the kid to wash a hairbrush with soap by means of a sponge or special brush came, periodically you ask the child to help you to wash a hairbrush. You ask the kid to help you to brush hair behind or to make a hair parting, consult on the baby what hairdress to you to make what hairstyle will suit the father. Similar “adult“ requests will promote skill fixing independently to brush the hair, to development of independence in the choice and decision-making, to development of esthetic taste.by 4 years of mother of girls simple tails can Closer begin to teach the babies to do
. At first learn on a doll that the example was evident. Ask the girl to collect by one hand hair, then other hand to intercept hair an elastic band. Elastic bands have to be soft, not too thin, the average size that the baby could cope with a tail without effort. If the girl successfully copes with a doll tail, suggest it to make a tail on your hair. Divide hair into a hair parting, ask the baby to intercept an elastic band at first one party, then another. Over time the crumb will try to do tails to itself. Closer by 4,5 years it is possible to show how braids trudge. That it was simpler, spin braids at first from tails. You learn to tie bows: small actions develop fingers and a brain. At this age it is difficult for child to make many small actions therefore do not deny the assistance and surely help if the kid about it asks you.we Choose by
Now there is a huge choice of children`s hairbrushes and brushes. These are brushes with a natural and synthetic bristle, round brushes, hairbrushes with the rubberized handle (that the hand of the kid did not slide), musical hairbrushes, hairbrushes with a rattle on the handle. The main thing at the choice of a hairbrush - to consider materials of which it is made, convenience (compliance to age of the child and to type of his hair) and, of course, the hairbrush has to be pleasant to her owner. >
At the choice of brushes it is better for p to give preference to those which are executed from a synthetic bristle (the natural bristle very well absorbs moisture and creates a favorable environment for reproduction of microbes and various bacteria). Pay attention to the ends a shchetinok: they have to be rounded off that will promote a gentle touch to head skin. Do not use metal hairbrushes - they very strongly electrify hair. Natural materials of hairbrushes (a tree and a bone) have antistatic effect, irritate skin less, hair “split“ less. However upon purchase it is necessary to pay attention that the tree or a bone were very well processed. Teeth at a hairbrush, as well as at a brush, have to have the rounded-off, stupid tips to avoid unpleasant feelings and scratches. There are both plastic hairbrushes, and brushes with antistatic effect.you Remember
: the hairbrush is a sanitary product, same, as well as a toothbrush, a body sponge, a towel. It has to belong only to the child and if in a family several children, everyone has to have the hairbrush lying in the place which is strictly allocated to it.