Rus Articles Journal

Nipples and baby`s dummies: a right choice of

Not all parents know that the wrong bite considerably influences features of the child, and prevention of his anomalies has to begin literally with the birth as formation of a bite begins long before at the kid the first teeth are cut through.

One of factors of normal formation of zubochelyustny system of the baby, the first on the importance, - breastfeeding. Normal, in the course of everyone feeding of the child big load of muscles of language and okolorotovy - both chewing, and mimic has to be created. As a result of such miotrenirovka at the baby growth of the lower jaw which at the birth on average on 1,5 cm in length lags behind top is actively stimulated. It is clear, that the normal chewing of food requires compliance of both sizes. Why by nature lower jaw is underdeveloped? It is a compulsory measure as in the course of childbirth the child actively rotates the head, and the lower jaw, being the only mobile bone of a skull, easily is exposed to dislocations. Subsequently this underdevelopment is compensated by its rapid growth when breastfeeding, and normal the lower jaw of the child catches up in sizes top by 6 months

When sucking a breast the child is forced to use much more efforts to receive a necessary dose of milk, than when feeding from a small bottle with a pacifier, and therefore muscles of the lower jaw at artificial feeding do not receive functional loading, necessary for its growth.

That is why it is extremely important when feeding from a small bottle to use nipples of the correct physiological form. The opening at them is located so that the stream of nutritious mix went to a hard palate that imitates the process happening when breastfeeding. Normal the reflex of sucking dies away at children by 9 - 10 months. and timely transition to feeding from a spoon stimulates this process.

If sucking is defective

or proceeds incorrectly, then lag of the lower jaw in growth is aggravated, and at the child the distalny bite develops. At the children transferred to artificial feeding aged till 6 months, anomalies of a bite are formed approximately twice more often than at the children nursed.

the Distalny bite observed at 13% of the population makes 30% of total number of the revealed zubochelyustny anomalies; at children with a dairy bite among anomalies of zubochelyustny system first place is won by disteel occlusion and deep reztsovy overlapping (to 42%).


In this regard pediatricians developed rules of artificial feeding.

Feeding should be carried out by
  1. by means of the pacifier corresponding in a form to a nipple of a breast of mother elastic, with a small opening. The pacifier is put on a small bottle with a wide neck. In process of decrease in elasticity and elasticity of a nipple has to change on new.
  2. needs to provide to
  3. conditions for active sucking: capture and deduction of a pacifier lips, the movements of the lower jaw have to provide expression of milk and its proglatyvaniye.
  4. Position of the child on hands has to correspond to situation at natural feeding.
  5. during feeding the small bottle should not put pressure upon the lower jaw as it conducts to its shift to change of a shape of a jaw back and, as a result. The small bottle should be disciplined perpendicular to a child`s face.
  6. Cannot leave a small bottle in hands of the kid unguarded as he will not begin to hold long it suspended and will surely find a point of support in the form of own chin.
  7. Duration of feeding has to make 20 - 30 min.
  8. It is necessary to exclude completely food from a pacifier to 2 - m to years.

At artificial feeding parents generally make two mistakes: use nipples of irregular shape and with a big opening. Orthodontists revealed that at prolonged use of round pacifiers often there are anomalies of zubochelyustny system.


in pharmacy chain offers Today over 30 types of baby`s dummies and pacifiers of domestic and foreign production. What do they differ from each other in? In - the first, they are made of different material: latex have yellow color, silicone - white. Both latex, and silicone are strong and wearproof, but silicone has a number of advantages: it thermoracks (such baby`s dummies and nipples can be boiled repeatedly), has no smell and taste. In - the second, nipples differ depending on on what age they are calculated. In - the third, nipples have different openings: small, average, big and even x - figurative, applied according to a type of food.

the silicone nipples having an opening of the oblong shape allowing to regulate the speed of receipt of contents of a small bottle in a mouth depending on what party turned a pacifier are Very good

: on it special risks which have to be located opposite to the child`s nose are caused. Ideally smooth edges of an opening do not complicate passing of food and provide the fixed stream speed. Thanks to a special design such nipples never stick together.

certain recommendations about the choice of the correct pacifier Exist.

  1. the Size of a pacifier has to increase together with growth of the child. The size I is intended for age from 0 to 6 months, the size II - of 6 months and is more senior.
  2. Structurally the pacifier shares
  3. on mamillar and areolyarny speak rapidly. The size of mamillar part depends generally on length of the sky, areolyarny - on height of an upper lip and length of an oral crack. Therefore nipples can be chosen both for premature, and for the full-term children.
  4. System “a small bottle - the pacifier“ has to contain the air valve which allows to exclude swallowing air when feeding: the child will feel more comfortably, and the pacifier will not begin to slip out a mouth.
  5. Contents of a small bottle have to determine by
  6. the size of an opening of a pacifier.
  7. language will begin to press
  8. When using pacifiers with unilaterally slanted surface on this part and will settle down more widely that will promote growth of the lower jaw. Strongly convex other party of a pacifier will stimulate development of the sky and the top jaw.
  9. If the opening in the top part is a little displaced by
  10. from the top of a pacifier, it will provide the correct receipt of food in an oral cavity and, naturally, will help digestion.

round long pacifiers have an essential shortcoming: they thus change the provision of language that at the same time miodinamichesky balance between his muscles and chewing is broken. Functional load of a circular muscle of a mouth in this case is raised, the child`s cheeks when sucking are strongly pulled in as it cannot independently regulate the volume of the part of a pacifier taken in an oral cavity. Possible consequences of use of such pacifier - swallowing air, narrowing of the top jaw, formation of a deep and narrow (dome-shaped) hard palate, hollow cheeks. As the lower jaw of the child is not pushed forward, its growth is slowed down, and insufficient work chelyustno - facial muscles conducts to hypotonia and miofunktsionalny frustration. whether


the kid Needs a baby`s dummy?

the Sosatelny reflex satisfied through tactile contact of lips, language and a throat with a baby`s dummy is congenital and is very important for the baby. At artificially raised children the need for a baby`s dummy is much higher as from - for weak loads of chewing muscles when feeding the sosatelny reflex at them is not satisfied. Nervousness and excitability of the child in many respects depends on this unsatisfied requirement and to take away from him a baby`s dummy violently - means to plunge it into a condition of a stress. That is why for similar cases it is very important to select a baby`s dummy of the correct form and the size which promotes additional training of maxillary muscles, massage of the sky and oral cavity between meals.

What it is better - to suck a baby`s dummy or a finger for the child? The answer is simple and obvious: the baby`s dummy is better as after 2 - x years it is easier to disaccustom to it. But the newborn from 6 to 12 weeks is already able aiming is directed to move handles, and the way of a finger to a mouth is near. Therefore before it begins to satisfy a sosatelny reflex in such a way, it is better to pick up the correct baby`s dummy in due time. The child can be disaccustomed to a habit to suck it till 3 - 4 years. The habit to suck a finger sometimes lasts to school age that by all means leads to formation serious chelyustno - front deformations.

What corrected

uses of a baby`s dummy?

  1. the Baby`s dummy has to be pure. Surely wash up a new baby`s dummy with soap. For disinfection it is possible to presoak sometimes it for several minutes in vinegar solution in half with water. Then the baby`s dummy should be washed up, dried up and put carefully on storage in a special box.
  2. Use the correct baby`s dummies and have a little identical in a stock: children usually get used to one type and refuse others.
  3. Never lick a baby`s dummy before giving it to the child.
  4. With care use devices for a baby`s dummy attachment to clothes. Never use long laces - they can strangle the child.
  5. If during a dream the child lost a baby`s dummy and does not cry, do not insert it back to it into a mouth.
  6. Try to use other ways of calm of the child. Do not use a pacifier as a stick - a lifesaver. Sometimes change of situation, a motion sickness - all this that it is necessary for the child.

So if in 1 - y year of life sucking is needs of nature, then after 2 - x years it is already characterized as mental dysfunction which should pay special attention. Natural change of children`s habits happens step by step, but sometimes from - for a shortcoming (or surplus) attention to the child this process can be broken. The sosatelny reflex is fixed in similar cases as protective reaction, and can lead subsequently to development of such children`s neurosises as stutter or even bed wetting.

the sucking Habit which remained to 2 - to summer age, inevitably leads to deformation of tooth arches. At the same time time of critical influence of foreign objects (a baby`s dummy, a finger, a blanket corner) on formation of a bite makes about 6 h a day.

the Harmful children`s habits interfering natural physiological development are very various

. The zakusyvaniye of lips and language, podsasyvany lips or cheeks, breath by a mouth and infantile swallowing concern to them, besides sucking of fingers and baby`s dummies. The last often results from long addiction to a baby`s dummy. The child often cannot wean from these habits as they have the biomechanical reasons, and quite often such children need the help of the psychotherapist.

Besides, it is worth to remember that the baby`s dummy is often used by parents not so much for the sake of satisfaction of the called child`s the reflex, how many for own rest. It is natural that in this case the child has a bigger deficiency of attention from their party, and it leads to fixing of addictions of sucking.

Thus, both the finger and a baby`s dummy interfere with the correct development of zubochelyustny system. This statement fairly to this day, despite emergence of baby`s dummies of a physiological form which was offered in 1950 - x the German doctors Muller and Balters. Certainly, at that time it was the step forward: unsuccessful long and round nipples - spheres replaced the new baby`s dummies declared as preventive and stimulating development of zubochelyustny system.

However, from the point of view of the orthodontist, any baby`s dummy or a pacifier creates a hindrance to development of foreteeth. It results from dissociation of a bite from - for weak, but the constant pressure of a neck of a baby`s dummy upon teeth of frontal department which leads to deformation of the top tooth alignment and formation of a cross bite. The wrong provision of language in an oral cavity formed by long sucking of a baby`s dummy can lead to emergence of snore and even apnoe (respiratory standstill in a dream) at the child.


by experts offered Recently essentially other model of a baby`s dummy. It differs in a thin neck and a special step which sets the correct interposition of cutters. The head flattened from below densely adjoins when sucking to the top jaw that the correct provision of language in an oral cavity promoting natural expansion of the arch of the top jaw allows the child to train.

the Convex plate densely nestles when sucking, providing the correct provision of a baby`s dummy in a mouth. When the kid lies on a stomach, the flat button and a ring promote alignment of pressure of air. Additional safety is ensured by two openings for air located at the edges plates.

Thanks to such difficult design the baby`s dummy allows to prevent formation of an open bite. But even if it already began to develop, such baby`s dummy interferes with hit of language between tooth alignments, and it promotes correction of similar violations of a bite.

of the Baby`s dummy, as well as a pacifier, several sizes have: I - for children from 0 to 6 months, II - from 6 to 18 months, III - of 18 months. The biggest baby`s dummies by the size, after numerous protests of pediatricians and orthodontists, at last, were withdrawn from sale.

Disaccustoming from a sucking addiction

to Disaccustom with

the child to sucking of a baby`s dummy in 2 years quite really. The benevolent attention and the help from parents are for this purpose necessary. But wrong it would be simple to take away a pacifier from the kid or to forbid to suck a finger. At the beginning it will need psychological replacement to the absent objects. And until recently such replacement existed only for children from 3 - x years - in the form of a vestibular plate from elastic plastic. For more small children the alternative to a baby`s dummy was not, and process of self-control is most probable in 2 - 3 years, after 2 - x years such opportunity considerably decreases.


Therefore developed special elastic substitute of a pacifier “Stoppi“ which is made from medical hypoallergenic silicone and has special crossing points in lateral departments for a nadkusyvaniye their chewing teeth. Thanks to them the plate conveniently is placed in a mouth, successfully replacing the kid a baby`s dummy and preventing deformation of the top tooth alignment. If at the child the open bite was already outlined, it is closed naturally as when using a plate to forward teeth of the child nothing prevents to be closed.

Soft crossing points for biting.

do not have

Between cutters foreign objects.

the Guard is before cutters.

Other factors influencing formation of a bite

position of the head of the child also exerts a great influence to

On process of formation of a bite during a dream. It is not recommended to enclose under it a cam or a pillow as excessive pressure on a jaw can lead to a cross bite. It is necessary to avoid also thrown back or, on the contrary, the head pressed to a breast.

also terms of a prorezyvaniye of the first milk teeth are of Great importance for the correct formation of a bite. In 6 - 8 months at the child the first cutters - at first on lower, then on the top jaw are usually cut through. Then lateral teeth begin to be cut through, and is normal to 2 - mu to year of life the kid has to have already eight teeth. It is desirable that at this age of the child the children`s stomatologist or the orthodontist examined. The doctor will surely pay attention not only to the size and color of teeth, but also to bridles of lips and language. Language bridle length at this age is especially important as its shortening can not only complicate to the child development of some sounds from - for restrictions of mobility of language, but also to exert the constraining impact on growth of the lower jaw.

in the period of a prorezyvaniye of milk teeth the child can become irritable, whimsical. For simplification of this state it is recommended to apply the special anesthetizing gel on gums, to tory your pediatrician can advise.

Such obrto elements, the violations of development of zubochelyustny system which are shown at early age effectively are prevented by means of timely diagnostics and application of the proposed simple measures and standard means of early prevention.