Conversation in the autonomous mode
not long-awaited “mother“ and “father“, but some mysterious “adika“, “gilig“ and “Tat“ were the First words of the baby? Not the child, but some alien! How to find a common language with the little newcomer and to teach him to talk properly?
“Bu -“ in the broadest sense
the Period when babble of the kid is replaced by the first “words“ which let still have not really much in common with language which mother and the father speak psychologists is called a stage of the autonomous children`s speech. This very important event in the child`s life. Now it is possible to tell with confidence that it not just checks force of own voice and parodies adults, and reflects, analyzes and generalizes. The word is not just a sound. It is a sign which has universal value. Pronouncing some word to designate it this or that subject, we understand that for all other people (within our language culture) this word has the same value, as for us. Therefore when the kid says that he wants a doll, he is sure that we will give it not cubes, not a teddy bear, namely a doll. Another thing is that when the child only begins to speak, to the stranger to understand him happens hardly. The doll can be called, for example, “bu -“. In other situation same “bu -“ can also mean a doll lodge. It is impossible to translate children`s words into Russian or on any other, but it will be absolutely simple to attentive parents to understand the little talker.
Back in the Stone Age
the Phenomenon of the autonomous children`s speech for the first time was described by Charlz Darwin. His grandson saw the duck floating in a pond once and told “ua“. Then the boy began to call the same sounds the milk spilled on a table, I tin, any liquid in a glass and even milk in a small bottle. Another time the child played ancient coins with the image of birds. He began to call them “ua“ too. At last, all small, round, brilliant objects (buttons, medals, coins) in language of the grandson of Darwin began to be called “ua“. Similarly language of almost all children is under construction. The psychologist Elena Pronina considers that the originality of the children`s speech reflects features of thinking of the child. The kid is similar to the primitive person.“ Distinctive feature of its mentality is syncretism (Greek synkretismos - an union, merge) when communication of impressions replaces communication of events. Syncretism means, in effect, blurring of borders between internal and external, subjective and objective, mental and physical. The child bangs a chair about which stumbled that too it was painful to him . The kid willingly agrees that not he is capricious, and the crybaby - shoe-polish; who should be expelled from the room, and calms down after mother expressively leaves in a huff“. So it is no wonder that such primitive thinking influences also the child`s language. The first words of the kid designate almost everything or a lot of things, they are applicable to any subject and in each new situation call something other, than in previous.We each other understood
All psychologists unanimously say that the stage of the autonomous children`s speech is very important for development of intelligence, thinking and mentality of the child. To adjust time when words of own composition are succeeded by words from adult language, is not necessary. Teachers and psychologists consider that children understand you. Words, let and “primitive“, do not arise from scratch. The kid begins to prepare the debut speech in the first weeks of life. At first he just listens to a voice of mother and other relatives, then begins to distinguish them. If the words turned to the child are emotional and expressive, are followed by an active mimicry, then already to 5 - mu to month he differently reacts to intonations: answers friendly with a smile, and having heard angry, can begin to cry.
K 7 - mu to month the kid begins to understand value of some words. It turns the head towards that subject about which there is a speech. Gradually remembers names of all family members, looks around at people about whom speak. Rejoices when praise him. At the age of about a year the child pronounces the first, simplest words it seems “ma - ma“, “a pas - a pas“, “oh - oh“, “av - av“, “am - am“ etc. The kid has a huge incentive somewhat quicker to learn to speak. It will allow it to report more precisely to adults about the requirements and to receive the desirable rather. Therefore do not doubt: if the child thought up 10 - 20 own words, so he understands everything that you tell it. You need only to derive pleasure from communication with the kid and to help it with development of the speech.
in recent years both parents, and teachers complain of what children begin to tell late, and their speech is poor and primitive. The special logopedic help is necessary practically to each group of kindergarten. And it is a problem not only our country, but also the whole world. For the last 20 years the number of speech violations at children grew by 6,5 times. To avoid problems in the future, it is necessary to communicate more with the child, and it is benevolent.
- of Communicate Surely you find
time for communication with the child. Read fairy tales, verses, play house performances with favourite toys in leading roles. Do not substitute communication with a family for the TV. Any animated cartoon and the movie will not explain to the child value of abstract words it seems “yesterday“, “tomorrow“, “probably“, “in time“. On the TV nothing is told about life of the child which should be analyzed and transferred to “a verbal format“ too. Putting the child to bed, remind him of events of day: “You remember what we saw today? Did not forget who was met?“ Pronounce the actions:“ Now we will put on, we will take a carriage, we will go for a walk, then we will buy bread“. These “lessons“ do not demand a lot of time and do not take away forces, and they are very useful to the child. Show
- how it is necessary
Talking to the kid, you pronounce words more slowly, more accurately and slightly more loudly, than usually; between phrases do pauses. During this period it is very important to give to the child the correct role models. If he hears the speech, bad on an articulation, grammatical wrong, then will acquire it in such look. Listen to
the Child needs audience at all stages of development of the speech, but on the earliest it cannot do without it at all. Mastering the first words, the kid repeats them again and again in every possible way. Do not interrupt it at all. On the contrary, show it what you listen to, and you listen with pleasure.
- Develop motility
Development of the speech begins from the first days of lifeLong ago is noticed that development of the speech is connected with activity of hands. Let the kid play with cubes, pyramids, the designer more often. During evening massage do not forget to pay attention to its fingers.
- do not panic
If your child tells nothing yet, and his age-mates already stir, do not panic at all. Late emergence of the speech - is not obligatory a deviation in intellectual development. If in other relations the kid does not lag behind peers, then there is nothing terrible in what he will learn to tell later. Each kid is individual. He will begin to speak when its time comes.
- Refrain from criticism
Of course, at first kids distort and distort words, then their speech gradually improves and becomes more accurate. This process long, lasts not one year. Deviations in a pronunciation at early age - not the reason for concern. You should not criticize the child, it is possible to correct only softly him and to pronounce the word as it has to sound. The lexicon of children grows gradually. At first the kid pronounces only 1 - 2 words which can be clear only to him and mother. Living and sociable children by a year sometimes know already 5 - 10 words. The child masters words more slowly, than his peers? Quite often kids who late began to speak soon catch up and are even ahead of the peers in development of the speech.
- Represent misunderstanding
of the Girl usually begin to speak earlier, in 11 - 12 months, and boys later, after a year.to your kid 2 years, he stirs much, but pronounces only words of “own composition“? Try to change speech behavior in a family. Often adults slow down development of the speech of the child. They willingly use children`s language in the communication with it, repeating its sounds and offering the like “bi - a bika“, “nyam - nyam“. Parents well understand not only a peculiar speech of the child, but also all his desires, guessing them literally from a half-word and a semi-look. In these conditions no need for the present words at the kid arises. Do not replace conversation with the child with language “mothers and nurses“. Sometimes it is possible to pretend that you do not understand autonomous words and muffled babble of the kid. It motivates it to say a thing necessary to it correctly. However here the main thing - not to overdo. It is impossible to arrange to the two-year-old kid speech terror at all. Try to make so that verbal exercises brought to the child pleasure.
- Address experts
If you are disturbed by persistent silence of the child in 1,5 - 2, it is possible to descend with it to the neurologist. Cases when the delay of the speech occurs from - behind the general of a delay in development, happen seldom, but nevertheless meet.
- do not go too far
Sometimes the child of willows speaks 1,5 years the developed offers. It causes pride and desire to give to development of “child prodigy“ as much as possible attention in adults. Endlessly read to the kid books, put plates, constantly talk to him. But side effects of such strengthened training can be shown soon. The child will begin to stammer, suffer sleeplessness, will be sluggish and whimsical. The weak mentality of the kid cannot cope with a flow of information. The best that you can make for capable remains, - to walk and play more with it, to accustom him to communication with peers and not to overload at all.