Hours with the arrows
Most of First Graders are not able on hours with shooters to define time. It is the medical fact. The impression is very often made that the child of six - here - here will learn to define seven years precisely time, but time goes, and the confusion proceeds.to us it seems to
that this problem easily is explained by what to connect in consciousness two dials imposed at each other - hour and minute - for children`s mind enormous loading, and to learn to define time on such hours of the child does not follow.
“Throw out“ a minute hand and division of the dial for minutes. There are 12 figures and division of time on, for example, four, slightly more than four, at half past four, around five, five, slightly more than five. It is enough such rough crushing of time for the child, and it can be learned, starting with four - four and a half years. Let on it year will leave. You do not hurry with quarters (a quarter and without a quarter), you do not hurry with “without five“, “without ten“ etc. It is necessary to pass to it at the following, separate stage. Do not force an event.
Only when the child in perfection will feel the provision of an hour hand, very slowly, on a minute, enter the second parallel dial, that is ability to see the second - a minute hand. > it is better for p to Begin
not from the present o`clock, and with the self-made model of hours on which minute hyphens we leave naked, without defining the number of minutes, and simply we do not do a minute hand - only hour, short.Tell
to the child that an arrow which shows how many hours, are called “hour“.Let at first time shares
- exactly an hour, is slightly more than an hour of
- a half of the second (or hour and a half),
- around two,
- slightly more than two and so on.
the right direction of the movement of an arrow. Ask the child to twist it in the necessary direction.Tell
that the hour hand for an hour passes distance from one figure to another. Expose on the dial this or that time (exactly). Ask the child to represent the provision of an hour hand in an hour (two, three etc.) or on the contrary, an hour ago (two, three etc.)When the child will easily call or expose
on the time dial in such simplified look, sew on your dial the second arrow - long, minute.Specify
what arrow shows hours, and what minutes. Tell that they are called “hour“ and “minute“. Consolidate this knowledge:ask to show
- where what arrow, ask
- what arrow is shorter or longer another.
that when the hour hand shows “exactly“ hour, two three and so on, the minute hand always happens lifted up, on the mark “12“. Ask the child to put it in this position and to try to twist an hour hand around, having inserted this or that time “exactly“, representing real time, looking at the present o`clock, or on in advance prepared drawings, or it is any.Explain
to the kid that to be guided in each hour, people thought up a minute hand. And in one hour this arrow passes all. Ask the child where, in his opinion, there will be a minute hand if there passes not the whole hour, but a half. If the kid finds it difficult to answer, show him.
Then represent a half of this or that hour on the model of hours, without forgetting to rearrange an hour hand. Ask the child to perform a similar task independently.
Give to the child different tasks, proceeding from already gained knowledge. Represent on the dial this or that time (exactly or a half of some hour). Ask to move arrows to represent time which will be:
- in half an hour;
- in hour and half an hour more (enter concept one and a half);
- through two (three etc.) hour;
- through two and a half (three and a half etc.)
- half an hour ago;
- an hour and a half back;
- two (three etc.) and a half an hour back.
Represent this or that time on the dial, ask the child:what is the time passed
- if was.... what is the time will pass
- if is.... what is the time remained to
about the figures representing the number of hours, figures representing the number of minutes (they have to be a little less by the size). Tell the child that in each hour 60 minutes and from one division to another - 5 minutes. Show to the child as it is represented by arrows 5, 10, 15 etc. minutes of this or that hour. Ask to perform similar tasks independently.Establish to
arrows in this or that situation. Ask the child to show the provision of arrows which will be:
- through 5 (10, 15, 20, 35 etc.) minutes;
- in half an hour (do not forget to tell that half an hour is 30 minutes and that half an hour - always exactly a half-circle);
- in an hour (two, three etc.);
- through an hour and a half (two, three and a half hours ago etc.);
- in an hour and 5 (15, 35 etc.) minutes.
- 5 (10, 15, 25 etc.) minutes back;
- half an hour ago;
- an hour ago (two, three etc. hour back);
- one and a half (two, three and a half etc.) hour back;
- hour and 5, 10, 15 etc. minutes back.
Acquaint the child with the concept “quarter of hour“.after that show
to the child that each division (from one figure to another) is divided too - into small divisions - on one minute. Show to the kid as 6 minutes of this or that hour or 18 etc. will look. Think up the exercises similar to that are described above on fixing of new knowledge.Tell
to the child that if the minute hand did not reach a half-hour mark, it is accepted to speak “so many minutes of it is that the hour (following figure which was just passed by an hour hand)“, for example, “eight hours, twelve minutes“ is the same as “twelve minutes of the ninth“. Be trained to call time represented on the dial, these both ways.Tell
to the kid also that can be spoken if the minute hand crossed a half-hour mark. Be trained to call correctly time these two ways.Give
to the child of a task on installation of time on the dial, giving a task every time in a different way.
do not forget to pay attention of the child to time represented on real hours. You ask it to tell how many now time (proceeding from the knowledge gained at the moment), to represent the same time on game hours. Give type tasks:represent
- shooters how many will be time when there pass two hours (or any other interval of time);
- represent on the dial real time how many will pass time when on hours is... etc.
Make his daily routine together with the child. Where you will write time in which there is this or that event, draw the dial with the image of this time.