Rus Articles Journal

``Support`` for two. Vitamin preparations for the feeding mothers of

All of us got used long ago that the pregnant woman needs to accept special vitamin complexes. And what occurs when the kid was already born and begins breastfeeding? Whether vitamin preparations are necessary to young mother and if are necessary, then what?

of Substance of “prime necessity“

At the feeding mother needs for A, D, E, S vitamins, vitamins of group B both such micro - and macrocells as calcium, iron, zinc, iodine, phosphorus as now it is necessary not only to provide to the woman the daily requirements and to restore health after the delivery, but also, the most important, to transfer all necessary vitamins and mineral substances to the newborn baby increase. The child so needs them, and only mother through the milk can give it ideally acquired calcium - for growth of bones; vitamin D - for its assimilation and prevention of rickets - vitamin C - for the correct course of all processes of activity; vitamin A - for normalization of a condition of skin, eyes and mucous; iron - for optimum composition of blood and transfer of oxygen and a set of other not less important substances.

Vitaminno`s

- the mineral composition of maternal milk directly depends on nature of food of the woman. Usual foodstuff from our table is capable to solve partially a problem of balance of a diet on macro - and to minerals The matter is that in the last decades there is a decrease in a vitamin saturation of the main vegetable cultures, the fruit entering a diet habitual to us reserves of mineral substances in soils are everywhere exhausted that is reflected in quality of livestock products. Therefore to provide itself and the child with necessary amount of the main micronutrients, mother should eat daily such quantity of food which steadily would lead to increase in fatty body weight.

Standard daily rates of vitamins

are given by

norms of daily need of the nursing mother for vitamins, mineral substances Below, and also products - their sources:

  • of Vitamin A (Retinolum) - 500 ME (1,5 mg) (a liver, kidneys, butter, milk, eggs, carrots, apricots, cheese). Participates in formation of visual pigments, creation of tissues of bones and teeth, protects skin and mucous, influences a condition of skin, hair and nails of mother and child.
  • B1 (tiamin) - 15 - 20 mg, (mainly - phytogenesis products - cereals, grain, bran, bean). It is necessary for normal functioning of nervous system, participates in a carbohydrate exchange.
  • B2 (Riboflavinum) - 2,2 mg (a liver, milk, eggs, yeast, spinach, apricots, a dogrose). Participates in an iron exchange, influences work of a liver, one of growth vitamins, matters in development of a skeleton, muscles, nervous system.
  • B6 (pyridoxine) - 2,2 mg (which sprouted grains, spinach, potatoes, walnuts, a filbert, a color and white cabbage, meat, fish, eggs). Participates in blood formation process, regulates functions of braking in nervous system, provides the correct development of a head and spinal cord in the newborn,
  • B12 (cyanocobalamine) - 4 mkg (are blown an animal origin: meat, liver, milk, cheese, fish and not fish seafood). Participates in work of nervous system, blood formation, maintenance of work of a liver.
  • of RR (nicotinic acid) - 18 - 23 mg (meat, an offal, milk, eggs, buckwheat). Participates in oxidizing processes, an exchange of proteins, fats and carbohydrates, in control over the content of cholesterol, normalizes work zheludochno - an intestinal path. Improves blood circulation and reduces the increased arterial pressure, strengthens a blood-groove in capillaries. Strengthens secretion of gastric juice, stimulates activity of a liver. Also activity warmly - vascular system influences a muscle work, connecting fabric.
  • Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) - 100 mg (fruit, berries, vegetables, sauerkraut, potatoes). Vitamin C strengthens connecting fabric, including walls of blood vessels, increases resistance of an organism to infections, promotes decrease in inflammatory reactions, improves digestion of iron in a digestive tract. Strong antioxidant - preserves cages against damages by free radicals, slows down process of cell aging and formation of malignant tumors.
  • Vitamin E (tocopherol) - 15 mg (vegetable oils, especially sunflower, the sprouted grains, eggs, a liver, salad). Antioxidant participates in synthesis of hormones of a lactation, stimulates functions of gonads.
  • Vitamin D (calciferols - holekaltsiferol and Ayr - gokaltsiferol) - 500 ME (fish and cod-liver oil, a liver, eggs, butter). Promotes a mineralization of a bone tissue and rudiments of teeth, to optimum performance it is warm - vascular system and to the general development of the child, prevents developing of rickets - a disease of children of chest and early age at which the mineralization of the growing bones of a children`s organism is broken (they do not gain sufficient rigidity and are considerably deformed).
  • Regularly accept
    vitaminno - mineral complexes, previously having consulted to the attending physician.
  • Calcium - 1200 mg (this amount of calcium can be received from 0,8 - 1,2 l of milk; it is a lot of calcium in cheese, cottage cheese and yolks of eggs, cabbage, a celery, parsley, strawberry, sweet cherry). The hair, nails is necessary for all bodies and tissues of mother and child, including nervous cages, internals, a skeleton, tissues of eyes, ears, skin. Participates in fibrillation and regulation of a rhythm of heart.
  • Phosphorus - 1,8 g (fish, nuts, bread, grain, milk, meat, a liver, bean, nuts, cabbage). Is a part of proteins, a bone tissue, takes part in an energy exchange in a cage, influences action of the heart and kidneys.
  • Magnesium - 450 mg (buckwheat, barley, sea fish, almonds, bean, raspberry, strawberry). Takes part in formation of bones, regulation of work of nervous system, an exchange of carbohydrates and energy.
  • Iron - 25 mg (beef, pork, to a lesser extent - mutton, a rabbit, fowl, beef liver). Participating in formation of hemoglobin, promotes transfer of oxygen to all bodies and tissues of mother and kid.
  • Zinc - 25 mg (meat of animals, a liver, eggs, cheese, bean). Participates in synthesis of proteins, pancreas hormone - insulin, regulates appetite and digestion of food, together with calcium strengthens a bone skeleton of the newborn.
  • Iodine - 200 mkg/days (sea fish and not fish seafood, sea cabbage). It is necessary for the correct work of a thyroid gland of mother and her child.
What is dietary supplement?
Dietary supplements to food (dietary supplement) are compositions natural or identical natural biologically active agents intended for enrichment of a diet by separate food or biologically active agents or their complexes. Among dietary supplement there are worthy complexes, but very often on their packings the exact structure and percent from daily norm of consumption so their dosage is complicated is not specified. As well as any substances, dietary supplement can have the contraindications therefore it is necessary to read attentively the instruction to application and to precisely observe a dosage, and it is better - to consult with the doctor concerning a possibility of reception of this means. At the choice of such production it is better to pay attention to the well-known major companies - producers which conduct serious scientific researches and accurate quality control.

we Make the choice

All vitaminno - mineral complexes of industrial production are usually balanced and have similar structure. Thus, in the period of a lactation young mother can recommend any complex developed for pregnant women and feeding, but it is better that the concrete preparation was chosen for you by the doctor.

Usually application vitaminno - mineral complexes in the recommended dosage does not cause

in the nursing mother of side effects, but, as well as almost all substances coming to an organism, such preparations can cause allergic reactions, especially against decrease in immunity, natural during this period. Young mother can notice emergence of rash on skin as the small tortoiseshell which is followed by an itch, frustration of a chair, unusual puffiness of fingers, faces, mucous membranes etc. At the child who is on breastfeeding various displays of diathesis, such as reddening of skin of one or two cheeks, various skin rashes, seboreyny peeling and crusts on hairy part of the head, strengthening of intestinal gripes, frustration of a chair, hypererethism, tearfulness, sleep disorders etc. are possible. If mother or the child had any displays of an allergy, the preparation needs to be cancelled along with all products and preparations which could cause this state. Further use of these products and drugs, including vitamins, is possible only under control of the doctor (their introduction can be only gradual). The therapist or the pediatrician will help to pick up treatment and the subsequent tactics competently.

Overdose of vitamins and mineral substances of the nursing mother is also dangerous by

: it can lead to violation of growth and development of the child, development of chronic gipervitaminoz of mother and kid. Excess of the recommended day dose of polyvitamins, abuse of any food product can become its reason. So, long overdose of vitamin A (as a part of a preparation) leads to its accumulation and development of toxic damage of a liver of the person; abuse of vitamin D and calcium causes an early mineralization of bones of a skull, overgrowing of fontanels and violation of development of a brain in the newborn; excess of iron can cause development of severe defeats of all bodies and the child`s tissues. Accepting preparations in the recommended doses (more often it is one tablet a day), it is possible not to be afraid of overdose.

Accept

vitaminno - mineral complexes regularly, previously having consulted to the attending physician, precisely observe dosages and rationally eat.