Rus Articles Journal

Eight steps to a growing of

Since two years to children are pleasant to be independent. And they them will become soon if you resist a temptation everything to do for them! Mothers and fathers sometimes underestimate ability of children to self-training. And in each child the intensive program of growth and development is put. Your task - to create conditions in which ability to self-training would develop. Use our hints, and your kid will be convinced soon that he can already cope with many tasks without you.

the Nursery of the kid

the Berth
Equip with

a bedroom of the kid so that it was absolutely safe (sockets are hidden, furniture corners are protected, all dangerous and unstable objects are cleaned) and it is supplied with all toys, necessary for children`s activity. Try to leave periodically the kid alone that he learned to play independently. Close an entrance to its room a protective barrier: it will be much more interesting to it to investigate this space - of course provided that he will see how you leave and you come. At early age refuse a bed with edges. In 2 years the child can perfectly sleep in a low bed on which it is possible to climb and go down easily, it will help the baby to feel like more independent. Besides, the child easily can make the bed in the mornings if he sleeps with a blanket or in a small sleeping bag.

the Game place
Aged from 2 till 4 years the order is especially important

for it, and it can quietly clean the toys if you give it special baskets on low shelves. In order that it was easier for it to be guided, paste on baskets, and also on shelves in a certain place the special stickers designating objects which are stored there. It is possible to store toys in big boxes of different color also. If the box of a certain color is intended for one type of toys, for example green - for cubes, blue - for cars, yellow - for soft toys, it not only will simplify cleaning, but also will teach the kid to distinguish colors. Each thing has to have the constant place. You can photograph the shelf with correctly spread out things and hang up the photo on a wall, then the child without your help will be able to check, whether all things on the places.

Meccanos put away

in a box, and it is better - in a bag from dense fabric with handles which you could take with yourself in a trip. Divide toys into three groups: favourite toys which constantly stand on the shelf, and two others which lie on mezzanines. From time to time get toys from a case, the kid will be glad to see again things which he forgot while he played with others. Teach the kid to one basic rule: he can take any toy from the shelf and play with it so much how many wants provided that he will put it into place when he stops playing. And to one more rule: it should not take other thing, without having put into place that with which played.

, at last, allocate for

I a corner for children`s books. Tell that it has to put the book into place after he looked at it.

That the kid in the room can do:
  • to Lay the bed.
  • to Clean the toys and books.
  • to Dust an easy brush.
  • Pod6irat socks on couples.
  • to Put the pajamas under a pillow.
  • to Shake up pillows on a bed.
  • by
  • to Choose clothes per day and to put on.

the Kid in kitchen

to Pour water in a cup, to accurately put to itself on a plate food, to handle a fork - all these operations which we perform automatically demand some skill. Children need training for their development. That the child learned to pour, use a funnel or a jug with the special children`s handle. Allow the kid to play with peas, haricot, rice or lentil, pouring them from banks in bank by means of a mug. On a tray put a glass and ask it to fill in it rice, without having scattered any kernel. At first let will fill a glass bottom, then, when coordination of hands and an eye is up to standard, and a full glass. As soon as he learns to do it, pass to water. Occupations will help to pour water from one capacity in another during bathing; the small child can be disaccustomed to a poilnik and to accustom to a cup also during bathing.

Playing

in a bathroom, the kid will quickly learn to drink, pour accurately from one bowl into another loose objects, using at the same time a spoon, to pour from a jug in a glass. For this purpose the kid will need the wooden lattice or a wide board put on a bathtub. Playing “a posudka“ with the kid, you teach it to be accurate at a table. Small motility has to be well developed that the child could take food a spoon or a fork and to bring to a mouth, without dropping it. Begin with simple: let eats with a spoon big fasolina or pieces of a cauliflower, a fork - cubes of cheese or ham. Teach him to smear processed cheese or oil on a piece of bread and to cut banana circles by means of a small knife with the rounded-off edge. Take a paper cloth and draw on it where to put plates and glasses, to put tableware, napkins. The two-year-old child himself can open the refrigerator and get the afternoon snack if you prepared it in advance and put in the plastic container, having freed for it the lower shelf. The same concerns yogurts, fruit and drinks.

That the kid in kitchen can do: to Display
  • on a table of a napkin, to fill up capacity for napkins.
  • to Take out tableware (except knives) from the dishwasher and to display them on sections in a box for devices.
  • to Wipe a table with a damp rag.
  • to Clean unbreakable ware after a breakfast.
  • to Clean from a floor what it dropped during food.
  • to Wipe the spilled liquid.
  • to Wash and wipe fruit and vegetables.
  • to Move up chairs to a table.
  • to Wash and tear lettuce leaves.
  • to Sprinkle dough with flour.
  • to Cut cookies from the crude test with pomoshchyo molds.
  • to Clean haricot, peas, corn, to break broccoli or a cauliflower on kochanchik.

the little assistant

From two-year age children like to study practical skills, to help to prepare and give on a table, to look after a garden, to make. For them work is also fascinating, as well as game so do not interfere with their aspiration to master new. Take yourself for the rule never to abuse for work and good intentions even if consequences of this work it is similar to accident. Support any initiative of the child even if he will not manage to make it well, you do not reproach, do not reproach and allow it to pass this lesson up to the end because it does it for the sake of you. Allow to do what is not connected with risk for health, all the time you are nearby. Help only when it faces difficulty and will ask you to continue the begun business on the help then at once provide vozmozhnosg. Among daily affairs it is possible to find the mass of small instructions which the kid will be able independently to carry out or under supervision.

For example, here that the kid on the house can do:
  • to Comb wool to a dog or a cat.
  • to Pour
  • to the pet in a bowl of water or to fill a dry feed.
  • to Carry piles with the ironed linen in a case.
  • it is accurate to li to make footwear.
  • to Pack the backpack on walk.
  • to Sweep the floor by means of a small broom.
  • to Pull weeds and to tear vegetables on a bed.
  • to Water with
  • flowers of the house and in a garden.
  • to Meet by
  • from work the father and to broadcast his hat on a hook.

the Child who feels that it is encouraged and to it is trusted, studies better. Its success is proportional to his self-reliance.

the Kid and bathing

In a bathroom can cope without the aid of adults too even if you are absolutely small. You keep in a bathroom a separate basket for children`s dirty linen. The kid himself will be able to put the things in this basket, thereby having saved your time for sorting of children`s and adult clothes. Put a step before a sink that the kid without you could open the crane, take soap and a towel. Gradually teach the child to adjust water, without spraying it, to close an opening of a sink and to watch that water did not overflow, to include cold or hot water (blue color for cold water, red - for hot). Explain to him why important often to wash hands and to brush teeth. Buy two children`s pastes with different pictures, for example paste with Drakosha - for morning toothbrushing, and paste with Begemotik - for vespers, and hourglasses will help the kid to brush teeth carefully and will add additional interest in this important occupation. If esg an opportunity, think of installation of switches and door handles at the level of growth of the child that the baby himself could go to a toilet and not call you to the aid every time. To accustom the kid to serve independently itself after visit of a toilet, buy it damp toilet paper.

That the kid in a bathroom can do:
  • to Erase the scarfs and undershirts.
  • to Get fresh linen from the washing machine.
  • to Put clothes in a basket for dirty linen.
  • to Sort before washing linen by color.
  • to Comb hair and brush teeth.
  • to Wash with
  • the toys.

Children`s corners in the apartment. The place among adults

to the Child can sow a disorder, and at the same time it needs the ordered world. You will be helped by children`s corners. Observe in what points of the apartment your child likes to play most of all, and equip “children`s“ utolka there. In each house there is a place where all family gathers. Equip for the kid the special place in a drawing room or the dining room. One small table, two low chairs and a rug which it can razvernug when it wants to play suffices and to curtail when it finishes. Games in the general room assume that the child will play on limited space and will not fill up all drawing room with toys, but at the same time he will feel with-it among adults. The self-assessment of the child grows when he feels that his presence is important for adults! Such corners scattered on the apartment - the real rescue for parents. In - the first, children like to pass from one occupation to another. In - the second, children do not like to be left without parents for a long time. Create to the kid “a sports corner“ with a short flight of stairs and a basketball ring and “construction“ - with the designer, a mosaic and a pyramid. It is possible to arrange “a reading corner“ with an easy chair, a floor lamp and a bookcase. Place in kitchen “crockery corner“ - and the kid willingly will begin to make a dinner for dolls, imitating what is done by you. About an ironing table establish a toy board with the iron: when the kid has a desire “to iron“ clothes together with you, it is possible to offer it couple of nasal kerchiefs from the pile. Especially carefully equip a corner for creativity.

Can attach a piece of a Whatman paper to a wall, and over a working little table of the kid to hang up the shelf, having placed on it small containers with the stickers helping to sort brushes, paints, pieces of chalk, felt-tip pens and pencils. Buy several dense folders according to which separately spread out notebooks, children`s magazines, a coloring and sketchbooks. About a little table put a basket for the used paper and other garbage. It is possible to allocate a special small suitcase in which the kid during walks will collect all necessary for the creativity. It can be leaves, acorns, cones or branches. Show how you are proud of it, periodically frame and hang up its drawings and pictures on walls. Collect the folder of the most successful works that the child could be glad, having leafed through it or having shown to guests. All these actions will strengthen his self-confidence.

Useful tips:

  • do not forget to praise the kid if he deserves it. Encourage and note each success.
  • Look at
  • on result of work of your child at once as soon as he about it asks.
  • Avoid
  • to charge homework as punishment, otherwise the child will be always negative to it and to try to evade from it.
  • do not divide work on a sexual character. Let your son will help you in kitchen, and the daughter can help the father to wash the car.
  • Giving to the kid an assignment, do not forget about its limited opportunities, some kids do things very slowly and quickly distract. Therefore consider your circumstances: you should not hurry anywhere. Constantly adjusting the child and providing to him for all five minutes, you voluntarily doom yourself to infinite frustration and irritation. Be patient and consecutive, do not give new tasks until he makes what was entrusted earlier. And the business finished surely deserves a praise, irrespective of the torn-off buttons and the poured compote.
  • If you do some serious work, do it with pleasure and a smile. If we do something “is forced“, with complaints and a suffering face, then for our children house work will become the same flour.

Clothes for the child

the Most small child is capable to master all necessary skills at early age if completes a course pass - trainings. Show it how to clasp clothes, to put on a coat, to put shoes on and even to clean footwear, children so love when things shine.

Ask the child to repeat

in accuracy after you, and you will see that he will quickly learn if, of course, you do not force it. Buy it clothes which are easy for putting on and removing independently: trousers on an elastic band, jackets on buttons, boots on flypapers. It is better to buy clothes which are not removed through the head. Do not buy color socks that to the kid every time was not necessary to spend time for search of the necessary couple. Buy only white or beige socks in one style. Besides, if one sock tears, the need will not be thrown out by the second. Things in a case have to be available to the kid. Dressers are very convenient. Spread out things in a case in an optimum order, that is as clothing. Underwear, house suits and socks - in the lower box, shorts, bridges, trousers - on average a box, t-shirts, shirts, jumpers - in the top boxes.

All this

will help the kid to find easily a sweater, a skirt or an undershirt. Examine your house and think that you can make that the child could take easier that it is necessary for it. To put on quickly and to mix nothing - you think, it is an easy problem? More - less long sequence of actions can nonplus the kid: it is difficult to think that behind what should be put on. That the baby could learn to cope with difficult affairs quicker, prepare colourful plates - hints in which all intermediate stages are listed. Build the amusing comic book under the name “Time on Walk!“ - and it will help the kid to gather quicker. It is possible to draw sequence of process: tights, T-shirt, then trousers and jumper. In a hall hang up hooks at the level of its growth that it could hang up the things, put a small shop for an obuvaniye. On soles paste red and green stickers which will help it not to confuse the left and right boots. Teach him to fasten two boots together with the help of a clothespin that then it is easy to find them.

Skills of thrift

Cultivating thrift at the child, parents teach it to respect and to appreciate work. But it is not enough one explanations. Show to the child how to use things, without spoiling them. How to turn pages of the book, without having torn them, to put a disk with the animated film, without scratching it. Suggest the kid to collect the scattered pieces of paper or a bead. If he broke a toy, do not hurry to throw out it, at first look whether it is possible to correct something, and let the baby participate in her repair. You watch a condition of children`s books, together glue, telling how many work is enclosed in each book. Accustom the kid to lay during creative work an oilcloth on a table that not to smear, use it a special board for a molding.

with
more often involve the child in household chores and you teach it to master elementary skills of self-service. And here you will be helped by the main line of little kids - aspiration to help and imitate.
by

That did not soil clothes, it is necessary to put on an apron. The relation to things is a small part of the big relation to the life which in many respects forms the future of the child. As it will treat things and to observe an order, so further and there will be its lifestyle. Education of thrift is at the same time education of efficiency, organization, ability with the smallest expenses to achieve the best results. To the child it is vital to gain “adult“ lines. It constantly develops call of duty and responsibility, ability to independently solve various problems.

the Continuous guardianship, councils and the help provided to the child is More than freedom less restriction

even if it does not need them, can destroy desire to work independently, to accustom to watch the kid at you as on a source of the answer to any questions and solutions of all problems instead of looking for them.

the needs of nature of the child in independence and the movement are shown by

Within the second year of life more and more. And you have to organize so the space surrounding it that nothing interfered with its studying of the world. Parents have to try to encourage the child in adoption of independent decisions by him, providing it more freedom, the responsible behavior is quite so formed.

of All kids adults try to accustom to skills of purity and an order. But the parents walking with the child on the street have to remember that children do not feel hostility to pools and lumps of dirt at all. For them it is not dirt, and good stuff for game from which it can turn out anything! Therefore such material contacts creativity, awakes the imagination and induces to inventing of new games. Kids learn to bake cakes from sand and clay, to mold a different form a Kulichiki, to play in shop, selling and buying. Occupations with clay, sand and any other natural material develop imagination of the child. It is impossible to deprive of the kid of such pleasure from - for the soiled clothes. It is better to pick up overalls for similar occupations - and let the child create, tries, dreams. And here if you are going to go with the baby on a visit or to any establishment, dress the kid accurately.

At this age the kid has the right to choose

independently than and as he will draw what to play with - with cubes or with the machine as how many he will eat where he will be - on a hill, in a sandbox or on the sports ground what jacket will put on. Of course, parents have to keep this choice within bounds that the child in the desires did not stretch a point and did not make mistakes which can strongly do much harm to it. But rigid control over actions of the kid, punishment for insignificant faults or mistakes cast to the child sense of guilt and doubts, limit an initiative of the kid and aspiration to development of new activity and consequently, to independence.