Rus Articles Journal

Panic moods: how not to give in to

People who shook hands with Socrates and Aristotle (that is, ancient Greeks) used the word “crisis“ to describe the situation forcing the person to cease to spend time for doubts and to begin to work, at last.

Since those times the sense of the word “crisis“ did not change. The crisis situation pulls out us from habitual existence and forces to begin a new vital stage. It would seem, already everything was settled and adjusted. We live slowly, we drink tea. And suddenly - begin all over again. Again, think, do, fuss... There is no wish, terribly. But it is necessary. And around - without interruption add fuel to the fire: from newspapers, from TVs rushes: “Tomorrow, according to forecasts of analysts, all will be dismissed, the ruble is devaluated by 100 times, percent on the credits will grow. It will be thin!“

And it there will pass

the Great Depression, the most long economic crisis for all world history, provided us a set of examples of how the richest businessmen within half an hour losing all the state jumped out of windows or in other similar ways expressed the grief concerning the events.

But the same United States of America store for us in the history and an example of the person who in 1832 lost work and lost on elections to legislative assembly of the state. In the following, 1833, it was absolutely and completely ruined. In one and a half years his bride died. And in 1836 it from all this had the most severe nervous breakdown. In 1843 he got beaten on elections to the House of Representatives of the USA, and in 1854 and 1858 lost on elections to the Senate. In the fall of 1863 he was, perhaps, one of the most unloved famous people for all history of the USA. Slandered it, wrote lampoons, the press allocated it with epithets “clown“, “a ridiculous baboon“, “the semiliterate lawyer who divided railway actions once, and will divide now the country“ and simply “alcoholic“. Abraham Lincoln was this person.

Therefore the first that the reasonable person in a crisis situation has to make, is not to lower a hand. And the second - to ignore disturbing talk around. Because such talk absolutely naturally arises in any society, uncertain in tomorrow. They treat essence of the discussed problems very indirectly. Let`s try to understand why so occurs.

the Public opinion is always silly

B 1895 the French sociologist Gustave Lebon published the book “Psychology of the People and Masses“ in which in details showed that the crowd is always silly. The opinion of crowd is formed as an arithmetic average of opinions of the people making it therefore move actions of crowd instincts.“ The crowd thinks a spinal cord“ as the author was expressed.

B 1902 other French sociologist, Gabriel Tard, published the book “Public Opinion and Crowd“ in which showed that told by Lebon fairly not only concerning a congestion of people in some certain place, but also concerning public - that is, communities of the people sharing thoughts of each other. And in 1981 the famous philosopher and the scientist Serge Moskovichi published the work “A century of crowds“ which became cult in which proved: in 100 years in behavior of crowd nothing changed, development of information technologies only strengthened the processes described by Lebon and Tard.

we will think Now: each of us though sometimes watches TV or reads newspapers. The same is done by our friends, acquaintances, relatives and colleagues. Together we form audience of mass media, that is public. And this public in total forms a certain average idea of the current events.

the ordinary person not of huge mind who is not burdened with detailed economic knowledge, not having access to reliable information Is capable to understand an essence of the current economic crisis and to make sure idea of what waits for it in this regard tomorrow and the day after tomorrow? It is necessary to answer this question unambiguously: of course, no.

Especially the public opinion which as scientists showed, in total is not cleverer than the is not capable to understand really the events also, and is sillier than the average person.

Misunderstanding conducts

to instinctive fear

So, the public opinion not only is silly, but also has the high level of an instinktivnost. At the level of instincts the mentality very much does not like to be in unclear situations. Getting into such situation, the person at once begins to try to understand the events. If it is impossible, the mentality forms an unpleasant emotional state at the person. Also does it with quite specific goal: that we were more attentive to the events around. Just in case: God helps those who help themselves, and suddenly around enemies - it is necessary to look.

Is called this unpleasant emotional state alarm, and is defined as expectation of uncertain danger. But uncertainty - besides - is intolerable for mentality. And therefore later some time as scientists established, the mentality begins to look for actively some concrete object to be afraid of something certain. To be afraid of some concrete danger far more comfortably, than to be afraid unclear of what. At least, it is possible already to begin to make some plans of rescue. It is far worse when you have in general no idea of that from where enemies and who are they will attack.

In the same way, only razmashisty, behaves also public opinion. In an unclear situation it falls into alarm and begins to look for object of fear. But if one person finds to himself one object of fear (well, three, five), then the society consisting of thousands of people will easily find to itself for tens and hundreds of objects of fear.

as a result the public opinion will get to a condition of uncertainty again: when we are afraid hundreds of different things, it becomes not clear what actually it is worth being afraid of. Also the new round of development will begin: society, being in an unclear situation, will be anxious further. Will find to itself various new fears to feel as it is paradoxical, whenever possible more surely again. Will get confused in these fears again and to be frightened even stronger. And so on while the most reasonable representatives of this society do not manage to find a way out of a critical situation sooner or later, having made it clear to society.

So all - to do

?

not to lower a hand in a crisis situation and not to pay attention to the panic rumors circulating around - council, of course, good. But what it is specifically necessary to make to follow? First of all to calm down.

How to calm down? For this purpose - to accept the best way a little bit (a little bit - it means a little) alcohol and to load itself physically. For example, to walk a fast pace of kilometers 5 - 10, you will not be tired yet.

How to solve a problem? Then it is necessary to take in hand paper with the handle and to paint in detail on points:

Then should create the action plan, following which you can pass from the current situation into desirable. This plan has to be the most detailed. It is very important to try to consider all possible options of change of a situation in response to your actions. And to think up, at least, two options of actions in response to each possible change of a situation. As a result the tree of decisions has to turn out:“ If I act this way, then as a result I will receive or And, or Century. If the situation begins to develop on type A - I will arrive either so, or so“. it is better for p to draw All this

in the form of the scheme: the circles connected by strelochka. In that case you have an opportunity to personally see a footpath, following which, will be able to come step by step to the desirable purpose.

After the action plan is made, it is possible to walk once again. And then, looking from time to time at that section of the records in which you described what happens if to allow a situation to develop in itself, begin to take actions which will change a situation in the party desirable to you.

it is frequent to p to resist to problems happens very hard. But for you it will be done, unfortunately, by nobody. And here to help, to support - people can. Therefore at the critical moments it makes sense to call, come to friends and the family. And to talk to them. From them will not decrease, and to you - notable support.