Eyes want to have a rest
Parents, of course, know that the computer is harmful to children`s eyes, and the TV is harmful too, but very few people implement recommendations of doctors. Meanwhile, in special literature the term “computer visual syndrome“ was already approved. >From - for long sitting at the computer sight grows dim with p with
, accommodation is broken: eyes are hardly reconstructed from near objects on distant and vice versa. Objects appear doubled in eyes, it is difficult to read. The movements of eyes hurt, burns down eyes, they redden, the feeling of sand under centuries appears. Usually it begins already in two hour of work at the computer. In four hours - at the majority, and practically at all - through six.
Why it occurs? Because, what we watch in the monitor and we strain muscles which focus a crystalline lens on a short distance and leave in such situation at several o`clock. Tight muscles are tired, spasms begin, pain develops. Besides, it is noticed that people behind the monitor blink less often - an eye dries up, reddening appears.
A if the person also sits in front of the computer in an inconvenient pose - flow also other muscles, blood circulation in cervical department is broken that involves further changes in blood supply of a brain.for
to reduce harmful impact of the computer on the child, it is necessary:
- to Refuse use of old monitors of kineskopny type - they very badly influence sight. Best of all - the liquid crystal screen. The more the screen size, the more movements makes an eye.
- of Times thirty minutes to give to eyes rest. And not only to eyes, but also other muscles: to rise, warm up, stretch. To make gymnastics including for eyes. the workplace is correct to organize
- : to adjust the chair height, distance from eyes to the monitor (it is optimum - 50 - 60 cm). Table height (or a special shelf for the keyboard) has to be such that hands naturally lay on the keyboard, did not reach for it upward and were not groundless without support. It is impossible to look at the monitor from below up, only slightly from top to down. It is impossible that on the monitor there were patches of light from a window or a lamp behind. by
- If to the child appointed points for reading (so-called “points for a bliza“), they need to be put on during the work on the computer.
For prevention of short-sightedness when reading the basic rules three: to keep the book at arm`s length about 30 cm from eyes, not to read at bad lighting and in moving transport - that is not to create excess loading for eyes.
I, of course, needs to do exercises for eyes. Ophthalmologists usually recommend to the patients the gymnastic complex for eyes developed by E. S. Avetisovym*. Here it:
of Exercise for improvement of blood circulation and intraocular liquid
- Close eyelids of both eyes for 3 - 5 seconds, then open them for 3 - 5 seconds; repeat 6 - 8 times.
- Quickly blink both eyes within 10 - 15 seconds, then repeat the same 3 - 4 times with intervals of 7 - 10 seconds.
- Close eyelids of both eyes and a forefinger of the corresponding hand mass them roundabouts within one minute.
- Close eyelids of both eyes and three fingers of the corresponding hand slightly press on eyeballs through upper eyelids within 1 - 3 seconds; repeat 3 - 4 times.
- Press forefingers of each hand skin to the corresponding nadbrovny arch and close eyes, at the same time fingers have to show resistance to muscles of upper eyelids and a forehead; repeat 6 - 8 times.
- Slowly transfer to
of Exercise for strengthening of muscles a view from a floor of a ceiling and back, without changing position of the head; repeat 8 - 12 times. Slowly you translate to
- a look to the right, to the left and back; repeat 8 - 10 times. Slowly you translate to
- a look to the right - up, then to the left - down and back, after that you translate a look on other diagonal - to the left - up, to the right - down and back; and so - 8 - 10 times. Do to
- roundabouts by eyes in one, then in other direction; repeat 4 - 6 times.
- you Watch
of Exercise for accommodation improvement (are carried out standing) both eyes forward within 2 - 3 seconds, then you translate a view of a finger of the right hand, having put it in the face of to nose level at distance of 25 - 30 centimeters, and in 3 - 5 seconds lower a hand; repeat so 10 - 12 times. Both eyes you watch
- 3 - 5 seconds at the forefinger of the left hand extended in the face of then, bending a hand, bring closer a finger to a nose until the finger does not begin to appear doubled; and so - 6 - 8 times. you watch
- Within 3 - 5 seconds both eyes at a forefinger of the extended right hand then cover with the left palm the left eye for 3 - 5 seconds, and at this time bend the right hand and unbend. Do the same, closing the right hand the right eye; repeat 6 - 8 times.
- “Tag on glass“. Being in 30 - 35 centimeters from a windowpane, attach to it at the level of eyes a round color tag with a diameter of 3 - 5 millimeters, then far from the line of the look passing through a tag plan any object for visual fixing. You look, without removing points, both eyes on this tag of 1 - 2 second, then transfer a look to the planned object within 1 - 2 seconds then serially you transfer a look to a tag, to object. In the first two days - 5 minutes, in other days - 7 minutes. Repeat systematically with breaks in 10 - 15 days. It is possible to carry out exercise not only two, but also one eye 2 - 3 times a day.