Games which treat
Trouble when children are ill. Their weak organism fights, and we in every way try to help the child: we examine him at the best experts, we get effective drugs, we try to provide rest.All this
it is correct at the difficult course of a disease. However there are some more moments which escape from our attention. So, very important role is played by psikhof - ziologichesky features of a children`s organism. And it means that recovery in many respects depends on a psychoemotional condition of the child. If at adults more than 70% of diseases have a psychosomatic basis, i.e. are reaction of an organism to our emotional problems, then children often “answer“ with an illness concern and concern of parents. Namely in such state we stay when children are ill. This negative emotional background prevents recovery.
Other feature of an organism of the child - continuous growth of bodies. Therefore, those muscles to which stronger inflow of blood, i.e. to the bodies which are in the movement is directed develop more intensively. Besides, it is known that the muscular system at early age is closely connected with the main regulatory mechanisms. The limited movement negatively affects not only sick body, but also nervous, endocrine and media even systems in general. Restriction of movements (the child is ill or just recovered, and it needs rest) affects a bearing, weakens functions of breath, blood circulation. Passivity in the movement leads to reduction of a stream of irritations, the perceived nervous terminations of skin, muscles, joints, in the visual and acoustic analyzers going to bark of big cerebral hemispheres. As a result of it frustration of the central nervous system and internals can develop: the emotional tone goes down, it is weakened nervously - the muscular device, work warmly more weakly - vascular and respiratory systems. So, the organism in general is weakened that conducts to more frequent diseases.These supervision about a movement role in development and health of the person found
reflection in the whole field of medicine - lechebno - preventive physical culture. However the mentality of the child, especially at early age, is arranged so that the kid cannot almost force to be carried out purposefully any, even the most useful exercises. It has to be interesting to child to be engaged. For this reason we represent the exercises adapted, changed in the form of game on improvement and prevention zabo - levaniye. Effect of them - not only in treatment of children, such games - exercises promote all-round, harmonious physical and intellectual development, formation of necessary skills, coordination of movements, dexterity and accuracy.
during game often unexpected, ridiculous situations arise. It causes sincere pleasure both in children, and in parents. The easy cheerful atmosphere does not allow the child “to go“ to an illness, allows parents to show to him more attention and increases joint communication with children in the atmosphere of love and care. It is power - a neyshy therapeutic factor.Should consider
that the improving effect of games is possible only at frequent and long occupations (3 - 4 months on 2 - 3 times a day).
of Game at diseases of respiratory system:“The herdboy plays the pipe a horn“
the Purpose. Strengthening of a circular muscle of a mouth, training of skill correct nosovo - go breath at quietly close lips.
Materials. Horn, pipe.
game Course. Ask the child as it is possible to blow more loudly in a horn, a pipe to call all cows. Show that it is necessary to inhale air through a nose (ro - shock in a nose) and to exhale sharply.“The ball burst“
the Purpose. Restoration of nasal breath, formation of profound breath, correct smykaniye of lips, ritmirovaniye.
game Course. Suggest the child “to inflate a ball“: to widely part hands in the parties and to deeply inhale air a nose, to blow it in the imagined ball through a mouth - “fff...“, slowly connecting palms under “ball“. Then the child claps - “the ball bursts“. “The ball comes out air“: the child says a sound “shshsh...“, putting lips a hobotok and lowering hands on knees.“ The ball is inflated“ by 2 - 5 times. The child receives a forfeit for diligence. You watch that the breath of the child was deep, and during game there was no excessive emotional excitement.“Plumelets“
Purpose. Training of skills of the correct nasal breath, strengthening of muscles of a mouth.
Materials. Rope, 2 stools, plumelets.
game Course. Pull a rope between chairs and tie to it plumelets. Put the child at distance of 50 cm opposite to plumelets. Offer it on a signal, having made a deep breath, a strong exhalation to blow off one plumelet, and then and another, taking before each exhalation a deep breath through a nose. To carry out a strong exhalation, lips need to be put a narrow tubule, and to inflate cheeks.“Myshka and Mishka“
Purpose. Formation of a deep rhythmical breath and exhalation, development of coordination of movements, strengthening of muscles of a backbone.
game Course. Parents show the movements and pronounce words:
- At Mishka the house huge.
(To become straight, rise on socks, to raise hands up, to stretch, look at hands - a breath)
- At a mouse - very small.
(To sit down, having clasped with hands knees, to hang the head - an exhalation with pronouncing a sound “shshsh“)
- the Mouse goes (We pace the room)
On a visit to Mishka,
It to it will not get.
Ask the child to repeat a rhyme with the movements 4 - 6 times. You watch the clearness and coordination of movements of the child.“Mowers“
Purpose. Development of muscles of a humeral belt, formation of the correct breath, feeling of a rhythm.
game Course. Offer the child “be lop-sided a grass“. Initial pose: legs at shoulder length, hands are lowered. You show, how “to mow“, and read verses, and the child with a syllable of “storage“ translates hands a move aside (to the left - an exhalation, then forward, to the right - a breath).of the Storage - the storage, the storage - the storage,
we Mow a grass,with of the Storage - the storage, the storage - the storage, I will wave
I on the left.of the Storage - the storage, the storage - the storage,
Together quickly, very quickly
We pokosit all grass.of the Storage - the storage, the storage - the storage.
Then suggest the child to stir up hands in the weakened state and to repeat game 3 - 4 times.“Train“
Purpose. breath function Improvement, ability to react to a signal.
game Course. Suggest the child to go to travel, having turned into “cars“ with all family members. Standing ahead represents the engine. The first time at first the adult can execute this role. It hoots and goes to a way.“ Cars“ slightly bend hands in elbows. Imitating beep (“gu, gu“) they begin to move forward at first slowly, then quicken the pace and run. After words of the adult “The train arrived to station“ all reduce speed and begin to move to a signal “Arrived“ back.
of Game at diseases it is warm - vascular system“A finger about a finger“
the Purpose. the Equilibration of nervous processes, strengthening of brake reactions, you - a polneniye of actions on command, coordination of movements of hands.
game Course. the Child sits before you. Under your song repeats after you the movements:
the Finger about a finger tuk yes tuk, (To repeat 2 times)
Clap, clap, clap, clap! (Clap)
Legs stamp, stamp! (To repeat 2 times)
Hid, hid (To hide the face in hands)
the Finger about a finger tuk yes tuk. (To repeat 2 times).
of Game after the postponed infectious diseases“Zainka is the good child“
the Purpose. Development of coordination of movements, increase of an emotional tone, development of feeling of a rhythm and skill to execute commands.
game Course. Get up opposite to the child and ask it to repeat the movements according to lyrics:Zaink`s
Greyish, bow, (bows in different directions)
Here so, here syak bow.Zaink`s
Here so, here syak turn. (Turns, hands on a belt)Zaink`s
, stamp a leg, greyish, stamp a leg.
Here so, here syak stamp a leg. (Stamps in turn each leg )
the Adult monitors the correct performance of movements. Observes that there was no overfatigue and excessive excitement.