How it is correct to cook porridge for the child?
Children need to eat porridge. Why? Than it is useful? From what age to give it to the kid? At last, to what it is necessary to pay attention, buying specialized children`s porridges in shop?
Ingredients of porridge of a croup and milk - products, very valuable on the properties. Grain is a source of carbohydrates (starch) which provide an organism with energy, vegetable proteins, vitamins of group B, some mineral substances: magnesium, iron, and also the vegetable fibers necessary for normal functioning zheludochno - an intestinal path. Milk perfectly supplements this structure with the more valuable proteins, than in grain, and also vitamins and mineral salts.
As a rule, porridge becomes a product of the second feeding up of the baby. It is given to the kid approximately in 2 - 3 weeks after introduction of the first feeding up (vegetable puree), that is approximately in 5 - 6 months. But when the child has an unstable chair, he insufficiently well puts on weight or is inclined to vomiting, the doctor can recommend to begin a feeding up with porridge.
Porridge serves for the child as a peculiar bridge between firm and liquid food therefore to begin to give it (however, as well as any other feeding up) it is necessary from small portions. The first day - a teaspoon, the second - no more than 30 g (3 - 4 teaspoons) and within a week you lead up volume till 100 - 120. This portion has to replace one feeding with a breast or mix. It is necessary to give porridge from a spoon, once a day, better since morning for breakfast. Then it is possible to give to the child a breast, to wash down porridge with juice, kefir.
If you cook porridge, then at the first stage of introduction do it liquid (5%). It means - 5 g of grain or flour on 100 ml of water. In 1 - 2 weeks porridge can be cooked 8 - 10 - percentage. To exempt parents from “horrors“ of calculation of number of grams of flour on a certain amount of water, we will specify that at preparation 5 - percentage porridge one teaspoon of krupyany flour is spent for 100 ml of liquid, 7 - 8 - percentage porridge - one and a half teaspoons, and 10 - percentage - two. Sugar and salt is not forbidden to be added. On “adult“ flavoring feelings it has to be salted insufficiently and low-sweet. Well and what porridge without oil, but is no more than 5 g for the portion.
of Ways of cooking a little. If in the course of preparation you use krupyany flour, then dissolve it in cold water and there pour in the boiling milk. Then boil thoroughly within 5 minutes. At preparation of porridges from grain it is recommended to a croup at first well boil soft on water, then to add to it hot milk and to cook to readiness. To wipe ready porridge through a sieve.What grain to choose
? Buckwheat and oat grain is considered as the most useful. In them it is more, than in others, a squirrel, besides, they contain the vegetable fibers useful for zheludochno - an intestinal path. Rice and corn are richest with starch which is used for power needs of an organism. On the second place according to contents - semolina. However, in this grain there are not enough vitamins and mineral salts. An exception - corn. It contains iron. After 6 months it is possible to give porridges and from other grain: wheat, rye, barley and others which contain gluten, of course, if the child has no his congenital intolerance.have
At the choice of grain also in a look that rice possesses the enveloping and fixing properties; porridge and buckwheat contain a lot of cellulose, can cause poslablyayushchy effect; the corn is neutral. Considering these properties, try to alternate grain and to do the mixed porridges. So-called “pink“ porridges which are cooked with addition of carrots, pumpkin, apples or carrot juice are very useful.As it will seem to
surprising for many parents who are standing up for the healthiest and healthy nutrition on the first year of life of the child pediatricians recommend to use for food of children of porridge of industrial production.“ Factory“ porridges are better processed and sterilized. They are enriched taking into account age needs of children a wide range of vitamins and mineral salts, including iron and calcium. They do not contain preservatives, artificial dyes, stabilizers and chemical additives. One more plus - it is possible to enter such trudnorazvarivayemy cereals in house conditions into a diet of the child as barley, corn, rye.
the Majority of the children`s porridges used in our country - production of the foreign companies. The domestic production, unfortunately, is presented not so well though on the nutrition and biological value does not concede to foreign analogs, but, unfortunately, demands cooking. The majority of modern porridges of foreign firms - foreign preparation, that is do not demand cooking. They can be subdivided into 2 groups - dairy and nonmilk. For preparation of the first only water is necessary. It is not necessary to add salt, sugar, oil to them and the more so milk. Only according to special indications and by a doctor`s advice children with the reduced appetite which is badly gaining body weight can add 2 - 3 g of butter on a portion of porridge for improvement of taste and increase in power value of a product.Nonmilk porridges restore
specialized infant milk. It is possible to part also with water if, for example, the baby does not transfer milk, but at the same time keep in mind that nutritional value of a product will decrease.
All complexity consists that porridges happen not only to milk or without it, but also to additives. Many firms let out porridges with natural additives. These are fruit, vegetables, honey, hazelnuts and berries, banana, caramel and even chocolate. Such interesting combinations as buckwheat and a quince, buckwheat - an apricot, chocolate - a nut, banana meet honey and rice. Some companies make also the mixed porridges. For example, zlakovo - vegetable porridge from rice, wheat, pumpkin, a leek, spinach or porridge from 5 cereals. These porridges are often more useful and more tasty usual, however, at their use it is necessary to remember a possibility of allergic reactions.by
Choosing porridge, be guided by the financial opportunities, addictions of the child and, of course, a doctor`s advice - the pediatrician. Nevertheless, upon purchase it is necessary to consider the following nuances: about contents of porridges it has to be written on their packing in Russian that buyers could learn amount of all feedstuffs of ingredients, and, therefore, estimate quality of a product; manufacturers also point detailed structure of components to 100 g or for 1 portion. This detailed information will help you to define, this product is how full and balanced; upon purchase pay attention to an expiration date and storage conditions. And, of course, it is necessary to carry out strictly all rules of preparation specified on a label. You do not part porridge “by eye“. And even your child “approximately“ will eat. Pediatricians recommend to buy porridges in specialized shops of baby food, drugstores and policlinics. You should not do it according to announcements, in the market and in others, the places which are not intended for this purpose. It is necessary to be afraid not only fakes, but also the wrong storage conditions.