Philosophy of a hardening of children. Part 2
the Sun - a “lacy“ shadow or chocolate suntan? Whether the sunbed can replace sunshine? Douches temperature has to be cold water - what? And suddenly cold will develop? Air bathtubs - how to treat drafts? Barefoot on snow - whether there is a risk to chill kidneys and appendages? What all - to begin with?we defined
In the first part of “Hardening philosophy“ and sorted in detail basic principles of a hardening without which understanding and observance it is very difficult to achieve desirable result.we Will list to
them:Psychological readiness of the child the Regularity of carrying out procedures
we Will remind
- that an ultimate goal of actions for a hardening is strengthening of immune system since it guards health. Also we will not forget - to achieve the productive reply of immune system to your actions, it is necessary to adhere to systematicity in a hardening - observance of all principles of its carrying out, with obligatory alternation of the general and local influence, dynamic selection of forms and means, a combination to physical activities.
So, a subject of today`s conversation - “The main methods of a hardening and their combination to physical exercises“. The main methods of a hardening are known to all of us since the childhood. Also they differ from each other in a factor of influence or their combination:
- Contrast influence
you never reflected as far as it is the curious list? The nature helps the person to find forces and health again! To learn to live in peace with air, water and the sun, it is necessary to call them to the aid: to get used to them, to cease to be afraid of them, to learn to use competently them and even to enjoy! And it is more logical, than to be fond without measure of achievements of modern pharmacology.we Will begin
with a hardening by means of air bathtubs. Indoors air it is possible to resort to a hardening also in the oseena - winter, and in the veseena - summer the periods. Psychologically this method is given the easiest to both children, and adults. And, as it is not strange, less attention in some methodical developments is paid to air bathtubs unfairly. Remember, reasonable mother resorts to such method of a hardening, leaving the newborn child “on freedom“, without diapers, for short time, gradually prolonging procedures. And when the child grows up, for some reason so remarkable experience remains unclaimed.
If to choose the correct tactics, then your child can not understand that actions for a hardening already began. Especially it is important for the children having labile mentality: frequent and causeless change of mood, disobedience, hypererethism and so forth. Such children can refuse flatly rubdown by a cold towel - if the spirit of a contradiction is strong, or “day since morning was not set“. But he will not refuse to resemble undressed at open windows - you usually hurried to give the command “become warmer to put on“ or “it is urgent to close a window“. And the unexpected freedom of action will be to it to liking! The main thing - to explain to the child after procedure that it is not his victory over you, but care about health.
two options of strengthening of influence at reception of air bathtubs Are:
- gradual reduction of temperature,
- gradual increase in time of procedure.
. It is necessary to begin reception of air bathtubs indoors in case till summer it is far, and it will be possible to run about at the dacha on a grass or on the sea coast not soon. When airing the room air temperature in it decreases not less than by 2 degrees - and it is already tempering factor. And, air movement speed is of great importance: the speed is higher, the influence is stronger. When on the street windy weather, it is necessary to reduce procedure time, and for beginners - even to transfer it next day.
Duration of the first air bathtubs - till 5 - 15 minutes (depending on air temperature). The child first remains dressed in something a lung - a t-shirt and shorts, a dressing gown, socks and slippers (gradually, slowly, it is necessary to get rid also of these clothes). In the subsequent, planning soft increase in time of reception of air bathtubs till 40 - 60 minutes, you learn to monitor reaction of integuments: there should not be “mramornost“, pallor, “goose“ skin, and especially - a fever. Emergence of these signs speaks about premature increase in duration of procedure, i.e. about inadequate influence. If you are attentive to the child, then even almost inaudible change of mood will prompt to you that the reserve is settled this time. Gradually teach the child to control the health: it is not difficult to make it with your hint, and conscious self-checking - business of time.
the Indispensable condition of carrying out a hardening by this method is the combination of reception of air bathtubs to physical exercises. The child has to move! Sitting in front of the TV on draft - at all not a hardening. Similarly, bustle to a wet back of advantage will not bring to the child who is in the room with the reduced air temperature. The purposeful movement is more interesting: it more physiologic in itself, than the boring aimless swaying which is not increasing mood.
Therefore think over in advance physical activity of “fidget“ during procedure, and send it to the necessary course. Let you will be come to the rescue by small dumbbells, hulakhup or a gymnastic ball. These shells have to be habitual for the child, then he with pleasure will execute several exercises - and time will pass quickly, and will not manage to freeze, and the effect of procedure of a hardening will significantly increase. If it is difficult for it to execute exercises independently, make them together - join in game! Try to alternate sometimes, for a change, performance of exercises with dance - it by all means will interest musical children, and another will help to improve coordination at the movements in the set rhythm. And music in itself will become the pleasant addition raising an emotional background and associating in memory of the child procedure with feeling of comfort.If you decided to continue by
a hardening at gradual decrease in temperature, then according to it reduce time, without forgetting to estimate adequacy of the applied influence at each stage. During the summer period it is more convenient and more useful to combine air bathtubs with a hardening the sun - it will be already solarly - air bathtubs. When carrying out a hardening in the fresh air - at the dacha, at the sea - procedure for the child to become more attractive, joyful. And fears of parents to miss with duration of procedures do not dominate any more over desire to begin a hardening.
the Hardening the sun is one of traditional methods which treatment for the last decades changes in connection with an adverse ecological background. And “deficiency of the sun“ became the real problem for the children living in megalopolises. The ultraviolet in small doses not only is safe, but also is necessary for an organism. Under its influence in skin “construction material“ for the subsequent synthesis of vitamin D collects. This vitamin is responsible for transport of calcium and phosphorus - the major minerals, from a stake - va which the state kostno - cartilaginous structures depends. At the growing organism the need for vitamin D is especially high, and is extremely difficult to provide receipt it with food - it contains mainly in cod-liver oil and fat grades of fish. Therefore try to bring the child to take a walk “on the sun“, but not in the evening! Allow it to receive invaluable advantage from “hands“ of the Nature that years through thirty the lack of an ultraviolet did not affect: deficiency of calcium and vitamin D is one of the reasons of development of osteoporosis.
By the way, the sufficient content of vitamin D promotes reduction of risk of formation of malignant tumors. UF - radiation in moderate doses stabilizes a vascular tone. Besides the sun as well as physical exercises, the beta - endorphins - the “happiness hormones“ responsible for good mood stimulates development processes, preventing development of depressions. If your child since morning “not in the spirit of“ for any reason, do not hurry to demand from him explanations, to urgently take temperature, to feed or stack to fill up - just take a walk with him in the solar morning! Let`s it be run, play in plenty with a ball, to jump, dream on a swing - in a word “tempt“ him on outdoor games under a “saving“ ultraviolet! And you will see a smiling and happy physiognomy of the favourite little man in an hour.
we Will return to solar bathtubs... At total influence of the straight lines disseminated and the reflected beams influence the strongest. Also it is necessary to consider that the clothes will not always protect the child - light fabrics miss about 60% of sunshine. Stay in “a lacy shadow“ (under dense foliage of trees) is the safest option for the child beginning acquaintance to solar bathtubs. But also in this case - it is impossible to forget about time of procedure since in hot weather blond and blue-eyed kids can easily burn also in “a lacy shadow“.
If to speak about suntan, then chocolate color will only do much harm, but will not strengthen health. And solar burns are in general the inadmissible proof of the excessive, destroying influence. Overdose at reception of solar bathtubs leads to decrease in immunity, and also to other serious consequences. The first signs of overdose is a morbidity of skin and reddening. In this case continuation of a hardening the sun perhaps only after a total disappearance of the specified local manifestations.
On what intensity of UF - radiation depends? First of all, we will note that several decades ago the ozone layer of the earth was not so damaged. And today, alas, intensity of sunshine is significantly higher. Also intensity of UF - radiation is depending on sun height. And the most useful time for acceptance of solar bathtubs is to 10 - 11 o`clock in the morning or after 17 o`clock in the evening when skin of the child is most protected from influence of direct beams. This rule is roughly violated by the parents who seized upon sea tour: for short term they want to be in time a lot of things, and children`s coat hanger and a nose fall a victim of holiday euphoria.Telling
about a hardening the sun, it is necessary to designate states and diseases at which reception of solar bathtubs is contraindicated:
- the sharp periods of any diseases,
- of bleeding
- an elevated pressure,
- tendency to new growths,
- of a disease of blood,
- system diseases,
- nervous and physical exhaustion,
- hypersensibility to sunshine.
At bronchial asthma, endocrine pathology and autoimmune diseases - it is exclusive with the permission of the attending physician. Since we speak about a hardening of children, take for the rule - to get the qualified advice of the pediatrician before any tempering actions. And the personal experience in order to avoid mistakes not always should be applied even to own children.
is Very important to be accustomed to be put on from the very first procedures of the child the Panamanian, a cap or a kerchief to protect the head from an overheat. It is desirable - white color: it well reflects sunshine.
to Children till 15 years is not recommended to visit sunbeds. Especially as no sunbed will replace to your child advantage of acceptance solarly - air bathtubs moreover and in combination with curative influence of sea water. The unique salt composition of water, the ionized air, the massing influence of waves, a possibility of a combination of a hardening to physical exercises (swimming), sunshine are ideal conditions for the amendment of health under which such principle of a hardening as Complexity of the applied means is observed. Unfortunately, the hardening sea water not is available to all owing to territorial remoteness.
Now we will talk about the most popular method - a hardening water. For the choice of this method of a hardening of any value has no current season. And there are practically no contraindications. There are several traditional forms of this method.
Rubdown of a body. For children this form is the softest, and as a rule does not cause negative emotions. Even kids can be carried away quickly this process: after you a damp towel rubbed off him, suggest the child to do the same with a teddy bear, with the favourite doll, or with the father - and a hardening instantly to turn into cheerful game! Reduce gradually water temperature, and do not drag out procedure more than for 3 - 4 minutes.
Douche by water (the general and local). This already stronger influence which can cause sharply negative reaction in the child at once. That it did not occur - begin with local procedures: from douche of legs, or hands and a humeral belt, with the subsequent grinding by a towel. And you carry out decrease in temperature slowly.
Douche by cold water - an effective form for training of a vascular tone. But kids with hypererethism are not recommended to carry out these procedures in the evening, especially before going to bed.
Teach the child to breathe correctly during the general douches: at the time of contact with water the child has to make several active breaths / exhalations through a mouth, with emphasis on an exhalation. Remember what your natural reaction at reception of an ice shower? To cry out something, to sing... etc. It is also the exhalation facilitating feelings.
of Souls - even more intensive form of a hardening water. For application of this form everything is a certain level of hardness of the child is required: experience of “communication“ with cold water, absence of fear of it, initial fitness of vessels.
First of all, it is necessary to focus attention of parents that reception of a shower as hygienic procedure is the obligatory daily event held more often in the evening. And if for the invigorating, refreshing shower there is enough time and in the morning - in general is remarkable! Unwillingness of the child to go to a bathtub, imaginary fatigue or a lack of time - only an excuse, laziness, misunderstanding, and “two“ to parents. The care of purity of integuments has to take root since the early childhood is both health, and culture. If on the matter of problems is not present - then it is already possible to talk about a hardening.
Accustom the child to finish any reception of a shower with several seconds of cool, and then and cold water. Begin literally with 2 - x seconds, gradually leading up time till 10 seconds, and then smoothly, day after day reduce water temperature. A habit, extremely useful to health, - to finish thus any water procedure: reception of a shower or bathtub, bathing in a reservoir or the pool.
of the Bathtub (the general and local) - all - softer form of a hardening in comparison with reception of a shower if it is about the real cold water. It is not recommended to take to children cool baths - at kids with functional immaturity of vegetative nervous system essential heatloss which will follow a fever, and then and respiratory manifestations can be observed.
A here reception of a cold bathtub during 3 - 5 (but no more than 10) - will provoke seconds fast effect of heat production which confirmation will be a reaction of integuments: easy short-term reddening. It means that vessels extended after short-term reduction and provided full inflow of blood to skin. After a while after grinding by a towel temperature of integuments becomes higher, than before reception of a cold bathtub, and to this process by all means Soputstvut feeling of comfort. A breath technique same, as at reception of a cold shower.
Unfortunately, most of parents, and especially grandmothers and grandfathers, are against cold bathtubs prejudiced, finding support from many pediatricians. This mistrust to cold water and her fear are not confirmed in practice at all if the hardening is carried out under dynamic control of the skilled expert, at observance of the basic principles.Beginning with
any business with hope for success, we have to rely on knowledge and experience of the people competent of the question interesting us. And if the speech comes about children and their health - amateur performance is dangerous. And the way of fears, prejudices and inaction - is unproductive. What to choose? It is more logical and more correct if the reason and desire to help the child prompts to parents a progressive solution of a task: consultation of the expert, patience and systematic steps towards Health, but not leaving from it obfuscatory silent footpaths of ignorance, being afraid to meet something new.Local bathtubs (is more often - foot) are good
for the first acquaintance of kids to cold water. They, as a rule, do not frighten, and cause curiosity. Due to the short duration (the same several seconds) - do not manage to switch attention of the child to unusual feelings. And the cozy towel finally distracts from “the flown suspicions“.
Bathing in natural reservoirs is one more kind of this method of a hardening. Its big advantage - a possibility of a combination of various influences: water, air, the sun, physical activity in the course of swimming. All this significantly strengthens effect of the carried-out procedures.
of Separate attention is deserved by a contrast hardening. This alternation of influences of heat and cold: contrast douche, contrast shower, or bath (sauna) with the subsequent reception of a cold shower, cold bathtub or grinding by snow. This method of a hardening is unusually effective not only for adults, but also for children. Unfortunately, the list of contraindications for a campaign in a sauna or a bath is so inflated that in many families neither adults, nor children have nor no idea of this since ancient times to procedure, useful, curative, pleasant for a body and soul. The bath is both beauty, and health, and youth... But it is necessary to gather in a bath seriously, but not for excursion - and it is a subject for separate conversation. Especially, if you take with yourself children. Also do not forget to prepare birch venichek!