Fidelity symbol. An ivy of
To evergreen plants we treat with special love, admiring their indifference to seasons and courage with which they transfer even the coldest season. The ivy also green and very capricious, grows where it is pleasant to it, and its ability to fill.It braids with
walls of houses, fences, trunks of trees, big stones and, apparently, decorates with lace of the leaves life. It does not seem, this is true.
the Ivy (the pharmaceutical name Hederae helicis folium ) - a plant from family of Araliyev . Several versions are connected with its name.One of them tells
about an origin from the Greek word edein - “to sit“, hinting at ability of an ivy to be attached, another - from the Celtic word “hedera“ - a cord. Ivy - the climbing plant having additional roots - suckers which do not serve for receiving food from a tree and allow to climb up any vertical surfaces. Ivy leaves darkly - green, glossy, with the heart-shaped basis, three and five-bladed. The ivy softly, from August to November, zelenovato - the yellow flowers collected in small umbrellas blossoms. Then there are fruits size about a pea. They ripen only in the winter, getting issinya - black color.
the Ivy is considered one of the most ancient decorative cultures which was grown up in Ancient Rome. Different types of an ivy meet on all kontitenta - in the southern part of Europe, North America, North Africa, in the Crimea, in the Caucasus, in Moldova. Not a rarity it and in the Midland of Russia. Today the numerous kinds of an ivy differing in coloring, a form, the size of leaves are known. Only “the ordinary ivy“ has such decorative forms as winter (Irish), Baltic, Taurian, treelike, palchaty, graceful, bordered, marble, tiny, three-colored, zheltoplodny, beloplodny and others.
All evergreen plants symbolize immortality. But also the symbolics of an ivy is rather rich. In ancient times he was a fertility symbol. On a legend Dionysus was rescued from fire by an ivy which closed it the leaves. Therefore the head of god of wine and fertility is decorated by a wreath from a grapevine and an ivy, the ivy twined its staff. The brands entered in a leaf of an ivy meet on the gerakleysky amphoras for wine dated by the end of IV - the beginning of the 3rd century BC. Its leaves “were long since interwoven“ into ornaments of cups and jugs for wine.
In Ancient Greece and Rome the ivy was chosen a symbol of poets. But it also symbolized fidelity and a successful marriage. According to a legend of Tristan and Izolda, on a grave of lovers the grapevine and an ivy - as a symbol of eternal love grew and intertwined. In very far times when wreaths from fresh flowers and plants were fashionable, the ivy was always interwoven into them. Was considered that the ivy branch put on a breast of the young woman kept her beauty. Today the ivy with pleasure is used only by florists - for drawing up bouquets.If in a dream the ivy dreamed
, it means that in life you are waited by good luck and health. And in general such dream promises a set of the reasons for pleasure. For girls especially: ahead they have a success and pleasant surprises. But if the dried-up ivy comes in dream, then it is, alas, a sign of grief and the upset hopes.the ivy, apparently, is simply necessary for
In the house. The plant purifies air, reducing in it the maintenance of microbes by 30 - 40%. It is recommended to grow up in production rooms and apartments of the houses located near factories, plants, the highway. Besides, the ivy protects the house from bad power, supports diffident people and as if takes away in itself all negative.
in the Winter the ivy loves bright light, in the summer it does not like direct sunshine. The plant needs continuous spraying. So it is better to place a pot with an ivy on a window sill of the western or east window.
In an open ground the plant does not demand special leaving. However in communication with an ivy it is worth observing precautionary measures. The matter is that it contains toxic agents. Ivy fruits are especially toxic. Therefore it is necessary to watch closely children and after “contact“ with an ivy to wash hands as the contact allergy is possible.Medicinal properties of this plant are known to
since Avicenna. As about a herb wrote about an ivy in antique literature. Leaves of an ivy the wounds soldiers the Odyssey treated. Properties of an ivy to heal were noted also by Leonardo da Vinci. But the scientific medicine very long did not recognize these properties. Only recently there were preparations prepared from an ivy, for example, for “Prospan“, recommended at cough, bronchitis, asthma, whooping cough.Today the ivy is used by
in official medicine, homeopathy. It possesses the anti-bactericidal, anti-fungal, anti-inflammatory, toning, wound healing, protivokashlevy action. In the different countries traditional medicine by means of this evergreen plant treats diseases of airways, zheludochno - an intestinal path, a liver and a gall bladder, arthritis, gout, rickets, rheumatism, skin diseases, chronic cold, a headache, etc. In cosmetology the ivy is a part of anti-cellulite means. Leaves of an ivy contain saponina, flavonoids, steroids, vitamins A, In, E, organic acids, minerals, iodine, mineral salts, essential oils.