Fairy tales of the Canadian wood. Part 2
From the point of view of architecture this hall is unique
From Vikings to Ukrainians
(the Canadian hall or what became the country after its opening by Europeans): its ceiling imitates the blue sky, and the area of 3 000 sq.m will be envied by any museum director. When you pass through the main “compartments“ representing houses and pieces of streets, military settlements and churches, all the time it seems that you indeed are in the city made of rags of historical eras and over this city - always a cloudless firmament.
B to structure of the Disneyland, with only that difference that instead of the kitsch dominating there and total “fantasy“ in the Canadian hall of the Museum of a civilization all objects are strictly documentary and narrate about real historical events.
the Exposition conducts visitors at the same time along a route temporary, from XI until the end of the 19th century, and geographical - with the East on the West. Quite so Canada accustomed. At first about 1000 near Newfoundland as now it is authentically known, Vikings from Iceland landed. In the first part of an exposition their waxworks and the model of the fighting ship are presented. Then, after secondary opening of the earth forgotten by Europeans (in 1497 the Italian on the English service John Kabot and then, “finally“, in 1534 - m Frenchman Jacques Cartier), “great causes“ begin really. It and whaling at east coast of Canada. (To you will show how precious fat of sea giants was extracted.) And construction of the French fortress Luisberg: in it you visit the market, a bench of a bashmachnik and monastic hospital. And it is possible to feel business activity English-speaking Ontario the 19th century, having glanced in a window of the Victorian colonial estate.
Further the route lies by a show-window of the Ukrainian bookstore “Rusk knigarnya“ and the original building of the Ukrainian church constructed in 1940 - e years and entirely, together with internal furniture, transferred to the museum from Albert`s province! Here it will be a question of the well-known intensive immigration of the end of XIX - the beginnings of the 20th century when to Canada the flow of immigrants from the Russian Empire rushed. Some more steps - and here an elevator from the western Saskatchewan (a subject of “the Canadian wheat“), and even the Chinese laundry of 1920 - x years (read “Immigrants from the Far East“)!
Having got acquainted with the curator of this part of an exposition, I was convinced again that in the history of Canada all cultures mixed up. The young historian Rhonda Hinter - is from a family of the Ukrainian immigrants who arrived to Canada at the beginning of the 20th century from vicinities of Chernobyl. Still her grandmother remembered a little Ukrainian and Russian. Rhonda tries to learn language of ancestors anew and from time to time goes on the historical homeland. However, much more often she should travel around the western provinces of the “main“ fatherland and to collect artifacts for a collection of the museum. Let yet not ancient, but already historical objects.“ The project on which I work now - she pompously reports, is, in fact, transfer to fund of the museum of property of one shoemaker which worked in the forties in Winnipeg. The workshop was closed long ago, everything that from it remained, lay on an attic at relatives, and here now I cajole successors that they presented it “all“ to us“. Whether here really often we reflect what value will be got after our death by what we use during lifetime, without noticing it?
But we will not distract from a route. The last two points are devoted, in - the first, to imitation of the hall of the Vancouver airport in its original form (1968). A shield with chairs, a panoramic view from a window, voices of the announcers declaring landing. And in - the second, before you the glorified Wildcat cafe (“A wild cat“) constructed in 1930 - e on Far North of Canada will appear years. This cafe of 60 years served as the center of a polar social life and the only point of communication of travelers, drivers of snowmobiles, hunters. The interior is restored to within details. Here and today it is possible to sit and esteem, for example, the newspaper in Inuit language - fresh number will always be on a bar counter.
As well as the first two, the Canadian hall is extremely sated with the “speaking“ objects. In the sea of information to you here will definitely not allow to be lost:“ video hints“ and plates with explanations are placed continually. And here to interest of visitors in the excursion lasting already long enough presence in the hall of actors from special museum theater “Dramamuza“ (Dramamuse) will not allow to die away. This troupe was specially created to recover an exposition. At the moment its repertoire contains 50 short plays executed in shifts and alternately in all three halls. Heroes, naturally, are dressed in compliance with an era which they represent at present. Someone from the audience will stop near a tray of the market dealer from Luisberg who loudly praises highly the goods on - Old French, someone will get to talking with the nun about the last achievements of court Versailles medicine of the 18th century. I personally could not pass by the English lady in an ancient dress and a hat which drove a small group of children along corridors of the house of 1885, playing a role of the wife of the owner of the shop of “import“ goods located nearby. In an available game form she explained to children what is the Victorian era and as it refracted in Canada. And also in what her husband from what countries goods and so on are brought trades. Children listened, literally agape. I too.
No. 1 in Canada
the Museum of a civilization - the most popular and visited in Canada (more than 1,3 million visitors in a year that is comparable to the most known museums of Europe). It was the country`s first museum which got in 1994 own website which is the champion of Canada on the volume of information “hidden“ there today and “references“ (be convinced on www. civilization. ca). The museum is in the lead in Canada by the number of the held exhibitions (on average about 15 in a year), on the frequency of mentions in the press and to budget volume (the last makes about 60 million Canadian dollars a year, from them 20% are earned by an institution and arrives from private sponsors, the rest gives the state). The collection in total contains about 5 million units of storage. In an open huge exposition “only“ about 200 thousand from them are presented (that is 4%). All others are studied by experts and are waiting in “wings“ in storages. The staff of the museum consists of 350 employees who provide its rough activity comparable to town life, or if to address local folklore, settlements on the place of the former Indian wood - “canata“. The word from which, speak happens also the name of the state.
Cheerful stories of a dog of Clifford
(the children`s museum)
Should estimate that huge unostentatious work which the staff of the museum constantly conducts both with certain visitors, and with special groups (school students or disabled people, for example). Excursions “sail away“ each several minutes, rooms are jammed with any “workshops“ … In the Big hall at any time will show to the person interested how to handle the stone instrument of labor which ancient processed a red cedar or will teach to draw god`s figure - the Crow on Indian manners. Nearby, in the Post museum which appointment directly follows from the name children selflessly glue on envelopes of the copy of ancient Canadian brands. I saw also the company of school students who went to the Hall of “the first people“ to study culture of metises: all of them as a sign of familiarizing with a subject were tied up by motley belts - typical attribute of clothes of this “half-blooded“.But, certainly, original possession of those who are younger than sixteen were stretched by
in halls of the museum Children`s. I sincerely admire courage of his keepers all day long maintaining an impact of hundreds of little visitors. However, as well as courage of Konstantin Kokoshkin who despite of “fighting“ conditions photographed here everything that was required.
the Children`s museum is a big room in the form of a labyrinth on which children move ahead from the country to the country and from culture to culture. Though it is called by “museum“, all its objects are created today and intended in order that little visitors in real time and space, “effortlessly“ learned the world outside Canada. Where still they learn how they are arranged the classical Indonesian dwelling with indispensable private theatricals of shadows or the Egyptian pyramid (there it is possible to play a mummy!) . And in the Italian cafe - the frozen ambassador of an honest counting rhyme all turn who into waiters who in visitors. There are also other fascinating games - in loaders of the Dutch port, in sellers of newspapers, in painters, in the Arab dancers.to
the Red dog Clifford - the symbol of the museum in the museum - is familiar to the Canadian children as well as Russian - the Wolf from “Wait a moment!“ At an entrance to the museum (where huge “statue“ of a dog meets visitors) it is possible to leave in the room under supervision of the special nurse for some time of the smallest, and children are more senior let play in the Children`s museum before its closing while their parents in the neighboring “serious“ halls take part in not less fascinating museum game “for adults“, sometimes even without noticing that.