Rus Articles Journal

The curative red wood of

Useful aroma

One of the main properties of Russia - magnificent coniferous forests. In the territory of the country there is the fifth part of all woods of the world and a half of world coniferous forests. Russia grows a fir-tree Siberian and ordinary (Picea obovata L. and P. abies Link), larch Siberian (Larix sibirica Ledeb), fir Siberian and Caucasian (Abies sibirica Ledeb and Abies nordmanniana Spach.), pine ordinary (Pinus silvestris L.) and Siberian (Pinus sibirica R. Mayr.) which more often is called the Siberian cedar or just a cedar. In the north of the European part of Russia coniferous forests with prevalence of a fir-tree, fir and pine, and in Siberia - larches and pines dominate.


In old kind times was considered that the smell of coniferous trees calms nerves and at the same time gives the person strength, courage and clarity of thoughts.

the Special fragrance is connected by

with the fact that trees produce the essential oil representing complex mix letuch their hydrocarbons. In process of growth the amount of essential oil gradually increases and its structure changes. So, the needles smell differently in the spring, than in the summer, in the fall or in the winter.

allocates to

during a day of hectares of the wood more than 30 kg of flying organic substances which possess antimicrobic action and make salutary impact on the person and his health. Resinous, almost sterile air is capable to work wonders and to give to the person longevity.

From the modern point of view essential oil of a fir-tree, pine, larch possesses antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, bactericidal, expectorant action and can be applied to treatment of infectious diseases of airways, infectious - inflammatory diseases of a bladder and mochetochnik, and also skin diseases. Outwardly it can be applied in the form of grindings to elimination of pain and inflammatory processes at arthritis and rheumatism.

Biofactory under a clear sky

needles, small escapes and boughs of coniferous trees are of Special value. They are that biofactory in which under the influence of a sunlight the biologically active agents (BAA) are formed. The qualitative structure of BAV in domestic coniferous breeds is approximately identical. Quantitative contents changes towards reduction as follows: a pine - a fir-tree - a fir - a larch. The maintenance of BAV depends on age of a tree, the place of growth and a season. For example, the maximum maintenance of a complex of vitamins, macro - and minerals falls on the winter period that is when our organism most needs them.

From vitamins in all wood greens prevail ascorbic acid, routines and carotinoids, especially much they contain in the winter and in the early fall in two - and three-year needles, and in pine it is more, than in fir-tree.

Besides vitamins B to needles bioglikana - polysaccharides of a biological origin are. Connecting and deleting from a blood-groove of a lipoproteida of low density, bioglikana reduce a possibility of atherosclerotic damage of walls of blood vessels, and these damages are the cornerstone of many warmly - vascular pathologies. Besides, to bioglikana are peculiar to them - munomoduliruyushchy activity, antineoplastic action and ability to cause natural decrease of content of sugar in blood of patients with diabetes.

in needles in a large number polyphenolic connections (tannins, flavonoids, antotsiana, benzopyrones) Are. Exactly thanks to them the infusions and broths prepared from needles possess antimicrobic, anti-inflammatory, styptic and wound healing action, and also ability to connect and bring heavy metals, alkaloids and proteinaceous poisons out of an organism. That is why water extraction from needles often apply inside at inflammatory zheludochno - intestinal diseases, and also at poisoning with heavy metals, vegetable poisons, substandard food.

From needles of a pine are received by various concentrates with the high content of vitamins which apply as the revitalizing means. Hypo - or avitaminosis and in the absence of ready vitamin preparations apply needles broth to the same purposes in a case.

the Greatest popularity was got in recent years by natural coniferous extract. Receive it water extraction from needles of a pine and a fir-tree and use for preparation lechebno - preventive bathtubs. Coniferous bathtubs are appointed at functional frustration of the central and peripheral nervous system (neurosises, a neurasthenia, radiculitis, miozit, pleksita, neuritis) at the states which are followed by the sleeplessness, concern raised by irritability, a depression; at the phenomena of overfatigue, weakening of a muscular tone; at various polyarthritises out of an aggravation phase; at a hypertensive illness of I and II stages. Besides, coniferous bathtubs have antimicrobic and anti-fungal effect.

In the medical purposes are widely used also by pine kidneys. Broth supports them biologically active agents rendering expectorant, bactericidal, anti-inflammatory, weak diuretic and zhelchegonny action. Appoint it and at diseases of the top airways.


But not only to these coniferous breeds are well-known.

Crude turpentine, turpentine, rosin

At damage of a coniferous tree on its surface acts as

crude turpentine, or pitch. Stiffening, it protects a tree from penetration of wreckers. The coniferous wood impregnated with pitch - the fine construction material possessing valuable qualities: durability, durability, beautiful texture, in the color and smell. From coniferous wood make the best cellulose and a newsprint, ethyl alcohol, charcoal, acetic acid. Fir-tree bark is used for receiving tannins, make of fir twigs hvoyno - vitamin flour and hvoyno - vitamin concentrates.

But also pitch in itself has wound healing and disinfecting effect. The medicines made of it use for treatment of chronic ulcers of a shin of various origin, pustulous diseases of skin and as epiteliziruyushchy means at ulcer and erosive processes of various origin.

From the crude turpentine extracted from a fir Siberian or firs Caucasian after an otgonka of easy fraction of essential oil is received viscous light-yellow fir balm which possesses the toning, antimicrobic, deodorizing action and is applied as medicine in complex treatment and prevention of various skin diseases (dermatitis, psoriasis, a fungal infection etc.) .

the domestic industry of crude turpentine is conducted by

In Russia with the 4th century. Since those old times and still it is received a podsochka. In the specially allotted woods intended on a felling, suppliers of crude turpentine who are called vzdymshchik apply two rows of inclined cuts on trunks. The emitted pitch is collected in small cone-shaped vessels. During the whole summer cuts renew, receiving thus from one tree to two kilograms of valuable substance.

Collected crude turpentine is cleared of litter and overtaken with water vapor. The flying part when cooling turns into the fragrant liquid known under the name “turpentine“. Receive turpentine also from the crushed wood: or at its thermal decomposition, or by extraction by means of solvent.

In due time turpentine was very popular external medicine which was applied as local irritating, “distracting“, anesthetizing, an antiseptic or in the form of turpentine bathtubs. But quite high toxic properties of this substance getting through integuments in an organism forced to refuse its application in pure form. Now turpentine is a part of ointments and liniment which appoint for rubbing in in skin as local irritating and an anesthetic at a sciatica, neuralgia, a miozita, rheumatism.

One more use of turpentine - as solvent for paints and varnishes, rubber and various pitches. From it produce synthetic camphor.

the Weight which remained after crude turpentine distillation serves as raw materials for receiving rosin: mixes of resin acids which is applied in production of paper, varnishes, paints, soaps, etc. Without rosin it is impossible to elicit a good sound from a violin, a viola, a violoncello and other bow instruments as it prevents sliding of a bow on strings.

the Pine called by a cedar

holds a Specific place among coniferous trees of Russia a pine Siberian, called in popular speech by a cedar. The real cedars relating to the sort Cedrus do not grow in the territory of our country for that simple reason that they are thermophilic plants. In Lebanon the cedar Lebanese, in the countries of North Africa, in mountains of the Atlas - an Atlas Cedar, in the Himalayas - a cedar Himalaya grows. Several species of cedar pines among which the pine Siberian, or the Siberian cedar uses the greatest popularity grow in Russia. The tree has all advantages inherent in cedars, but unlike inedible fruits of a cedar Lebanese nuts of a domestic cedar pine not only are edible, but also are tasty, nutritious and useful.

60 - 70% of the high-quality oil consisting generally of the polynonsaturated fatty acids which are well acquired by an organism contain

of the Kernel of pine nuts. Pine nuts and the proteins containing the majority vital to the person of amino acids, cellulose, starch, sucrose, vitamins (And, E, D, B 2 , In 6 , In 12 , with C, PP), macro - and minerals are rich.

nuts during observance of fast days are Especially useful to

. At the “reasonable“ use in food (about 100 g a day) kernels do not cause obesity.

From the modern point of view pine nuts - the dietary product increasing ability of an organism to resist to illnesses, increasing working capacity and especially useful to people with chronic diseases warmly - vascular, a bronchial tube - pulmonary systems and zheludochno - an intestinal path.

not only kernels, but also a shell of pine nuts Are useful to

. The broth prepared from a shell contains many tannins. At the use inside it has the knitting effect at the diseases which are followed by diarrhea at the external use (skin diseases) - anti-inflammatory and antimicrobic.

A from fruits of the Siberian cedar receive fat cedar oil which does not concede on tastes and a nutrition value to the best grades of olive. It in a significant amount contains the vitamins E and F possessing high physiological activity and antioxidant properties and also phospholipids - the substances participating in transport of fats, fatty acids and cholesterol, regulating a cholesterol exchange, and, to some extent, interfering adjournment of its surplus on walls of arteries development of atherosclerosis thereby is prevented.

the Nutrition value of cedar oil is defined by the high content of the polynonsaturated highest fatty acids relating to irreplaceable as they are not synthesized in an organism, but their presence is necessary for normal activity.

In the medical purposes fat oil from fruits of a cedar Siberian is recommended to appoint the patient with superficial gastritis, erozivno - ulcer damage of a stomach and duodenum and also as a supportive application for treatment of cholecystitis and chronic pancreatitis.

as a prophylactic oil possesses the all-strengthening action, takes off fatigue, increases physical and intellectual working capacity. Cedar oil is especially useful for the people living in the adverse climatic and ecological conditions occupied at works with the raised expenditure of energy and excess psychoemotional loadings.

Cosmetics on the basis of cedar oil do to

skin elastic and velvety, saturate it with natural vitamins, minerals, support natural kislotno - alkaline balance.

Massage with use of cedar oil takes off fatigue, venous stagnation of extremities, improves blood supply and elasticity of skin, and also promotes its rejuvenation.

Different councils

  1. as expectorant cure for the catarrhal diseases which are followed by cough use broth from buds of a pine, fir-tree, fir. Train him as follows: take 1 tablespoon of the dried-up kidneys, fill in with 1 glass of hot boiled water, close a cover and 30 minutes heat on the boiling water bath. After that maintain 10 more minutes, filter and accept on 1/3 glass 3 times a day after food. Broth will become more tasty if to add to it honey or sugar.

  2. Excellent antimicrobic, bronkholitichesky and expectorant cure for the catarrhal diseases which are followed by painful cough - essential oil of a pine. One drop of oil drip on a sugar piece, put it in a mouth and slowly rassasyvat.

  3. Take off fatigue, a nervous tension, irritability and intensively coniferous bathtubs with the water temperature of 34 - 37 °C clear skin.
    For preparation of a bathtub fill in 1 glass of dry needles with 1 liter of hot water, bring to boiling and hold on small fire of 10 - 15 minutes then filter and pour out in a bathtub. Instead of dry needles it is possible to take 2 glasses of small chopped fresh branches of a fir-tree, pine, fir or larch.

  4. Can prepare for
  5. a bathtub and from coniferous extract. For this purpose in 1 l of hot water dissolve 50 - 70 g of powder of coniferous extract or 50 - 100 ml of liquid coniferous extract. Pour in the prepared solution in a bathtub and plunge so that the area of heart remained not covered water. It is necessary to lie quietly, having put something soft under the head.

  6. can take Coniferous baths lasting 10 - 15 minutes at any convenient time, but not later than for 1 - 2 hour to a night dream. It is necessary to do it not right after food and not on an empty stomach. After a bathtub it is desirable to put on a terry dressing gown a wet body and to have a rest, lying or sitting in a chair, within 30 minutes.
    In the medical purposes accept a course from 12 - 15 bathtubs.

  7. the Special “New Year`s“ smell can give
  8. to pie, cookies or other dishes if during their preparation to put in an oven a clay pot with 3 - 4 chopped fir cones.