About stories of baby slings and a slingonosheniye of
When the kid is born, before young mother there is a set of questions, and one of them - as her way of life will change? How less active and limited in movements it should become? All resolve this issue differently, and many already know that now from this problem there is fine exit - baby slings. Ideally for the child, it is convenient for mother. And whether you thought of that how many years to this wonderful invention? The small child is created in order that he was carried on hands. To feel maternal heat, a heart beat and its breath is not less important for it, than satisfaction of physiological requirements. Thousands years ago ours a pr - a pr - foremothers it knew.
But how in what to carry the kid? Our ancestors needed to be engaged in arrangement of the life, livelihood production too. Once long ago ours a pra - a pra - foremothers used a sling in which carried the kids. At first they were done of skins of the killed animals, and then of fabric. The vital power and wisdom of this tradition is similar to a miracle - it reached our times in spite of the fact that its sources originate deeply in thickness of years and originate at the beginning of origin of mankind.
One of the most ancient images of a scrappy sling for carrying children belongs to the first millennium B.C. It was found in Montuyemkhat`s tomb, the Supreme priest god Amon, in the western part of Thebes.
At that time (about about 720 BC) in Egypt women - “god`s wives“ (the daughter of Pharaohs) actually governed. And, of course, about the weak woman there was always a loyal friend. At god`s wife Nitokris towered the priest Montuyemkhat who became the actual lord of Thebes. It images of life of women, and in particular, the relief interesting us with the image of a baby sling were found in its tomb.
Middle Ages: from a baby sling to a carriage
the Subsequent mentions of a baby sling in our understanding of this word fall on the beginning of the 13th century, Renaissance threshold. On frescos of a chapel of del the Arena in Padua (1304 - 1306) the Florentine artist and the architect Giotto di Bondone (apprx. 1266 or 1276 - 1337) represented scenes from Christ`s life and the Mother of God. On some of them it is imprinted flight to Egypt of the Holy family.
the Artist definitely considered features of clothes of that time, and for it was very natural that Maria carries the baby on herself.
In the book devoted to a medieval miniature (England, the 13th century) found the image of Hristofor bearing in the child`s sling. (Primas: from Greek Χ ρ ι σ τ ο φ ο ρ ο ς - carrying Christ) - the Saint martyr esteemed by Catholic and orthodox churches).
As the legend says, the giant of incredible force agreed to serve the mightiest terrestrial lord, but could not find worthy. Having lodged on the river bank, on shoulders moved travelers to other coast. Once the little boy asked to transfer it through the river. In the middle of the river it became so heavy that Hristofor was frightened, as if both of them did not drown. The boy told it that he is Christ and carries with himself all burdens of the world.the Image of the women carrying the baby in a sling we find
and later: in cloths of the 16th century of the Italian painters Pellegrino Tibaldi and Andrea Ansaldo.
images of women in the traditional rural suits, with love looking at children whom they carry in slings Remained. For example, Rembrandt depicted the woman with the child attached to her back (17v). In rural areas for carrying children were used not only scrappy slings - some outerwear assumed the design allowing to carry in it the child easily and conveniently.Prototypes of similar slings and clothes can be found
in culture practically of all people. In Russia children were quite often carried in a hem, scarfs, just slings or even wattled boxes. You remember the famous phrase “to bring in a hem“? In some regions (in particular, the Smolensk Region) hem called not only a bottom of a dress or skirt, but also a special type of an apron in which it was possible to carry the baby. Carrying the child in a hem was a commonplace, with it mushroomed in the field, in the wood and berries. The senior girls often carried younger children on a hip.
Many people of Africa, Asia, and also Roma also until now carry kids on themselves in rags and scarfs, and, for example, Eskimos have special clothes - amaut, park for carrying the kid.
In the XIX century in the upper class on purpose the special ideology of education propagandizing a distance and estrangement in the relations of parents and children develops not to spoil the child and to prepare it for burdens of life. Some role in it was played by emergence of carriages. In 1840 for the English Queen Victoria the carriage was created, and now the queen could walk with the child, without need to carry the child on hands - works, the worthy wet nurse. The fashion began to extend to carriages actively. Women wanted “not to be worse, than the queen“. Lack of need to care for the child became a sign of a well-founded and safe family which number of servants allows to raise the child. Thus, nurses with baby carriages filled streets and parks of the cities where the construction of roads and streets went quicker, than in rural areas. And the baby carriage became a sign of the huge distance dividing the child and mother of the highest estates.
Approximately then the fashion on separate beds and separate bedrooms for kids appeared. Rapid development of the industry led to emergence of beautiful bedrooms, beds, and existence of a separate bedroom for the child became a symbol of high welfare of a family.by Slingonosheniye`s
in civilized countries it was almost forgotten and if baby slings somewhere and were used, then, probably, in some rural remote places, and also in the malotsivilizanny countries and various tribes and nationalities, leading the lifestyle which is brought closer to the nature.
the slingonosheniye Renaissance in civilized countries
the Renaissance of tradition began to carry children in slings in the second half of the XX century. Its primary sources, probably, should be looked for in the growing interest in social life of low-civilized tribes and nationalities of Africa, Tibet, etc. There were comparative researches of various parameters of development of the children living in conditions of a civilization and in the conditions which are brought closer to the nature.
In 1956 the Frenchwoman Marcel Zhe Baire conducted researches in Uganda and received unexpected results. It turned out that on the level of mental and physical development little Africans from poor families in the first years of life much more overtake the European children (later little Europeans catch up with them thanks to achievements of a civilization). And the child was younger, the gap in indicators is more. As it became clear, the difference in style of education of the child the European and African mother became the reason of this phenomenon. Mother - the African does not keep the kid in a bed, does not carry in a carriage and does not put in an arena. Since the birth the kid is on a back at mother, attached to it by a scarf or a piece of matter. The child learns the world, seeing that he sees mother, constantly hearing her voice, he participates in her life, falls asleep and wakes up together with it. Thanks to proximity to mother the kid is quieter and receives rich material for development of all sense organs that leads to acceleration of rates of mental and physical development.is Slightly later than
the American pediatricians, parents of eight children, William and Marta Serz were present at conference with participation of parents from many countries of the world where they have a talk with two women from Zambia, the carrying children on the straps provided by national clothes. Serza became interested why in Zambia it is accepted to carry the most part of day of children with itself? One woman answered: “It facilitates mother`s life“. And another added: “And for the child it is so best of all“. In 1985 Serza began research, seeking to prove the positive effects connected with carrying the child.
U. and M. Serz:“ Having tried a set of ways of carrying children and devices for this purpose, having acquired many miles with own children and watching other parents, we understood why in the western countries at mothers it is not accepted to carry on itself children: simply it is inconvenient to them to use the available devices. At other people of children carry, applying a long rag which end in the form of a strap is shouldered. Such rag looks as part of a national attire, and often and is that.“ As a result of several years of studying of the different designs and various devices supporting Serza`s child came to opinion that the baby sling of such design is most convenient and easy to use.
A few years ago in the USA tradition to carry kids in a sling received special honor: it entered “gold reserves“ of America in literal sense this words. It is about so-called “gold US dollar“ on which Sakagavea (Sacagawea) - the Indian woman from the tribe of shoshon who, carrying own son - the baby on a back, passed thousands of miles with Lewis and Clark`s first transamerican expedition (1804 - 1806e years) from Western to East coast of North America and back is represented.it was
of Sakagavea very useful expedition. Her strength of mind in the face of dangers and deprivations became legendary later. Presence of the Indian woman and child at expedition helped to improve the relation to group from Indian tribes and Clark, one of heads of expedition, quite often said that “the woman in group of men - a world symbol“.History of a children`s sling Didymos (Germany) begins
in 1971 with two twins - Lisa and Tina (didymos - “twins“ in translation from Greek). Erykah Hoffman, the creator world famous a baby sling - the Didimoscow brand, and mother of twins, is one fine day tired from the mountain of outstanding housework, and decided to attach to herself the kids as it was always done by women in other parts of the world within already many centuries. She was captured a story about mothers from the distant countries which were easily performing the daily work, primotav to themselves the child long ago. Erica had a sling from Central America, but as it seemed to it too exotic, she first hid it in a dresser. Nevertheless the effect surpassed all its expectations, she began to be in time and make chores and to communicate to children. Erica developed company model of a baby sling - a scarf which received the name Didimoscow. Now scarfs of “Didimos“ are called by right “rolls - Royce among baby slings“. They are made of special jacquard fabric which “Didimos“ also weaves.many mothers, psychologists and doctors began to use and recommend to
In the different countries of the world carrying children in scrappy slings, to organize productions of different types of slings for carrying the child. The word “baby sling“ which came from English to sling became current - to hang up through a shoulder and began to designate “the sling used for carrying of the child“.
9 years ago in Russia absolutely other situation with baby slings was p>
, and even all passersby saw off mothers with kengurushka amazed looks and comments. Then yet nobody knew anything about baby slings unless only from the English-speaking websites and through acquaintances from - for borders. The impetus to development of a slingonosheniye in Russia was given by active distribution of ideas about a natural / conscious roditelstvo.
One of the very first baby slings in Russia appeared at parental school “Dragotsennost“ (Moscow) at the principal - Post-new Yulia. This baby sling was presented Yul from - for borders and was descended from mummy to mummy. So it turned out that on occupations in “Jewelry“ at first during pregnancy, and then with the daughter, Popova Elena - the first producer of baby slings in Russia (baby slings of “Bayushk“) went subsequently. Exactly there she for the first time also saw a baby sling.
Elena:“ I was very much struck then by simplicity and convenience of a baby sling at the same time. I sewed on memory a baby sling as a gift to the sister, and then baby slings for “Jewelry“ asked to sew me. At all simplicity of a design, I remembered it very approximately therefore in the course of sewing the design on the set subject was born actually. Since then it strongly changed and is slowly improved, thanks to our already long-term experience and councils of mothers which use baby slings“.
So “Bayushka“ became the first Russian producer of baby slings on rings. Approximately at the same time in Russia William and Marta Serz`s wonderful book “Your child from 0 to 2 - x years“ appeared. The website “Bayushki“ and the book Serzov at that time were the only Russian-language information about a baby sling.
Many mothers, having learned about such way of carrying children, were full of doubts: “And it is convenient? And I did not see it anywhere! And in the same place the child is crooked?! And how people will look at me?“ However, having tried, doubts dissipated, the feeling of freedom and comfort for mother and the kid opened absolutely new horizons in their joint life.
Elena:“ At first I sewed baby slings, then one home seamstress, then two, then three. Now we sew in studio under the city of Vladimir, very beautiful, quiet place. And the situation in which the thing is made, of course, influences feeling from a thing. And children, they are sensitive! And it is good. At us representatives in the different cities of Russia began to appear. I noticed that in big cities the new way of carrying was perceived quicker and more willingly. Conveniently to mother - means well, I will use. In the small cities, surprisingly there were more doubts and mothers hesitated to carry the child in such unusual way more“.
Distribution of baby slings were picked up by children from Dimitrovgrad. At first they undertook to extend “Bayushka“, but understood that it is more favorable to organize the production, and and arrived. So there was “Bereginya“.
In the republics of the CIS independent productions since also began to open. to send baby slings and money through border was long, expensively and inconveniently. According to Elena`s hint her girlfriend began to do baby slings of “Makosh“ in Kiev in Ukraine, productions in Belarus and Moldova opened.
B 2004 Petersburg baby slings of Velina appeared. Diana (founder) - “woman of fashion“, she did not accept baby slings which were in the market, and she began to sew beautiful and stylish baby slings, and also baby slings to evening dresses.by
B based 2004 “Orange Mother“ in the summer. At first she was engaged in distribution of “Beregin“ in Zelenograd and Moscow, and in October, 2004 the first Bayushek party for sale was purchased.
Marianna, founder of “Orange mother“:“ I very much respect the book Ledloff, and was at a forum of ledloffets much, generally Americans communicate there. They often wrote about baby slings - scarfs, and I understood that it is very convenient and it is necessary too such to do. So, winter of 2005 in Russia the first baby slings - scarfs appeared. Then, in December, 2004 - January, 2005 import Didimosov to Russia began. It was made by Oksana Moraru. So the Russian sharfopolzovaniye began with Didimos and Omama, and we and continue to be on friendly terms“.
the First customers, Marianna and Oksana communicated in the same place, discussed and shared ways of carrying. In July, 2005 baby slings - scarfs appeared in St. Petersburg. For the first time presented byazevy and fleece models at the Russian market “Yuji“. And then baby slings - scarfs began to gain more and more affections and began to appear also in other cities of Russia.
the Idea of t-shirts for the feeding mothers arose at Oksana Moraru, and she suggested “Orange mother“ to sew them. The first party left in the fall of 2005. In 2006 there were “Mother`s Secrets“, and then and all others.
So gradually information began to extend, more and more websites about baby slings, producers began to appear, and now we already see a huge variety of baby slings: baby slings - scarfs, and May - baby slings, and a baby sling - a pipe, baby slings with sides and without. Now they are compared, chosen: what type of a baby sling at what age and what it is more convenient for.