Food of elderly people
Ageing - the natural biological process continuing from the birth of the person until the end of his life on which exert impact not only hereditary genetic factors, but also factors of external and internal character. Researches of the last decades showed that decrease in number of death resulted from violation of warm and brain activity in connection with restoration of a diet, smoking restriction, reduction of body weight, prevention of the obesity connected with unlimited consumption of fats and carbohydrates (especially sugar).
the Food of elderly has to be various, digestible, biologically valuable, but in comparison with food of young people energetically less valuable. The diet has to contain enough proteins, vitamins and salts, especially calcium, potassium and iron.to Elderly people should be eaten with
more often and gradually: 4 - 5 times a day. When cooking it is necessary to remember a dental health and digestive organs. Never it is necessary to overeat. The day norm of caloric content of food has to make 2000 - 2400 kcal depending on physical activity of the person. In case of excess body weight this norm has to be even lower. >
It is desirable for p to watch the weight and to take measures to its normalization. Day consumption of fats has to be reduced to 60 - 70 g. Do not forget about the hidden fat in pork, do not eat fried food, limit consumption of an egg yolk. Yolks should be eaten not more often than 2 times a week. >
it is better for p to eat high-quality vegetable oils (sunflower, corn, soy) which promote decrease in cholesterol in blood that is prevention of presenilation of vessels. At the same time with decrease in fats it is necessary to increase consumption of proteins, mainly animals. Norm of consumption of proteins on 1 kg of body weight of 1,2 - 1,3, i.e. for men of 85 g, and for women of 75 g a day.
Enough the used proteins interferes with reduction of volume of muscular tissue and by that - to presenilation. It is necessary to include such products as low-fat meat, cottage cheese, cheeses, milk and fermented milk products in the menu more often; the elderly person can eat egg white in unlimited number. 300 g of milk a day provide enough calcium for prevention of fractures of bones.Should limit to
consumption of sugar and the concentrated sweet dishes, sweet drinks. Elderly men have to consume a day about 335 g of carbohydrates, women - 280 g. It is one sweet better to eat vegetables and fruit as the cellulose which is contained in them promotes an intestines vermicular movement, and vitamin C splits cholesterol on bilious acids. The organism receives also from vegetables and mineral salts, for example, potassium which people with warmly - vascular diseases and those who take medicine especially need. A valuable source of vitamin C and potassium are potatoes which should be preferred to rice and pasta.economic and social conditions exert
On food of the person impact. It is known who lives a solitary life and eats one, that eats badly.by
At elderly people observes a tendency to treat negligently the food. Usually they do not like to cook to themselves fresh food, and it is fundamentals of healthy nutrition. Sugar and flour products very often are a basis of a day diet of elderly people. One more mistake - bigger, than it is necessary, consumption of bread.
should not cook food for several days ahead. In the menu of the elderly person meat, farinaceous and vegetable dishes which have to supplement each other have to alternate to satisfy biological needs of the person.
during an illness the elderly person has to adhere to a certain diet. Drawing up the menu for elderly people demands a combination of medical requirements to real opportunities of the person. Some elderly people do not experience difficulties with digestion, others have to eat very carefully, adhering to the sparing diet, to adapt food for the diseases, a dental health, sometimes to consider decrease in flavoring feelings and sense of smell.