Release me, a miracle - a grass of
“Green drugstore“ - so the woods, fields and meadows sometimes call. Really, many representatives of flora contain these or those substances which can positively influence health of the person.
Use of plants in the medical purposes is called phytotherapy.
the Historical background
How many years of phytotherapy, nobody will tell. It is only possible to assume that attempts to use various plants with the improving purpose began the little after appearance of the homo sapiens. These drugs in a literal sense dangle at us under legs. Experience, by trial and error was gradually saved up (generally of course, in experiments on tribespeople) it became clear what herbs medicinal and what - absolutely on the contrary.
the First records on vegetable medicine were made by ancient shumer (about 5 thousand years BC) . Properties of bay leaf, caraway seeds and a thyme rather in detail undersigned for recipes. And if first two “preparations“ removed by our time to jars with spices, then the thyme also until now belongs to herbs, its extract is included into rather known preparation pertussin.
the First book of “vegetable“ medicine written by the Chinese doctors in 2700 BC already contained detailed descriptions of 365 plants and a set of recipes on their use.
the Huge contribution was made in phytotherapy development by antique physicians - Hippocrates and Galen. And Dioskurid`s work “De Materia Medica“ where it described more than 500 types of herbs, remained the main management for doctors even until the end of the XVII century.
Even presently phytopreparations remain actual - to come enough into any drugstore that to be convinced of it.
From what, from what
What it is in plants what allows them to become drugs in certain cases? If to begin to list at least group names of these chemical compounds, the list will turn out very impressive: alkaloids, glycosides, phenols, terpenoida, vitamins, polysaccharides, essential oils, antibiotics, mineral salts and elements. According to approximate data, now from vegetable raw materials more than twelve thousand substances are allocated. And it, scientists, only the tenth part of a phytoiceberg consider.Than plants are good
? The fact that biologically active components are in them in the spatial forms, necessary for an organism. Difficult organic molecules of a trekhmerna, and from that, how exactly in space settle down these or those its parts, often depends - whether there will be a substance “work“ in an organism or will fall in it inert ballast.availability and low cost of green raw materials Is important
. It is simpler “to take out“ some components from a plant, but not to synthesize from scratch in the conditions of laboratory. However, the modern medicine carefully absorbed in itself on particles all experience of the previous generations, having taken in the arsenal the most effective remedies from “a green drugstore“.
Here only some examples.
Atropine - the alkaloid which is contained in the basic in fruits of plants of family solanaceous (a belladonna, a henbane, a dope). Still this preparation is widely used, for example, in anesteziologichesky practice, in military medicine (as an anti-pillbox at poisonings with fosfororganichesky toxic agents), in ophthalmology (for expansion of a pupil).
Vinblastin and vinkristin - alkaloids from a katarantus pink, are included in all textbooks of pharmacology as an example of antineoplastic preparations of a phytogenesis. They possess antineoplastic activity, especially concerning blood diseases.
In cardiology glycosides from a foxglove, an adonis and a lily of the valley got accustomed. Such medicines as digoxin, tselanid, strofantin, korglikon and many others are united in pharmacological group “warm glycosides“.by
However, in medicine widely use and simply dried up or in a special way the processed parts of plants. Infusions and broths, tinctures and extracts - all this also remains on arms of doctors.himself the herbalist
would Seem to
, a conclusion arises by itself: free medicine which the nature generously scattered at us under legs can most be collected and used for strengthening or the amendment of health. However not all is so simple
. Herbs were and remain medicines with all that it implies. And it is necessary to treat them with not smaller care, than other medicines. And that is why.
Problem first. For a start the herb needs to be learned at least. It is not as simple as it seems. Often the same sort may contain both medicinal types, and life-threatening. And plants from different childbirth and families can be very similar at each other.
For example, practically any inhabitant of a midland can try to go outside and look for a camomile. The camomile is on sale in a drugstore, means it is possible to gather it and to save the unlimited sum of money. Yes here it!Here is not present
. This is a nivyanik ordinary, Astrov` family. Though it sometimes never call a camomile meadow, but it not medicinal. But long-term.
A this citizen - just also is the fact that it is necessary to us. Get acquainted, a camomile pharmaceutical, too Astrov` family. One-year, unlike a nivyanik.
From the “real“ camomiles medicinal are also a camomile odourless and a camomile romashkovidny. And from Astrov treats medicinal still, for example, levzeya.
By the way, if was remembered about levzeyu, try to distinguish - where it and where a thistle (it too from Astrov, but medicine from it I pound any).
On pictures of determinants of a plant look not absolutely as in the wild nature among other representatives of flora. Therefore it is possible to mix easily potentially safe St. John`s Wort which is made a hole with potentially dangerous golden rod ordinary. The last, though is mentioned in some reference books of herbs, is extremely poisonous. And attempt to rinse its broth of companies can sadly end.
Problem second. And again it is connected with special knowledge. The matter is that the quantity and activity of various biological substances in plants are subject to seasonal fluctuations. Sometimes concentration of the operating beginnings can differ many times, and even in tens of times. Therefore herbs need to be collected at activity peak. And it at everyone the. Sometimes - not once a year. For example, for a valerian is medicinal a March, and also the period from June to October. For a marjoram ordinary - only July and August. And it makes sense to hunt for a ginseng only in September.to
of Special knowledge needs much. Not always the plant is used entirely. Whether and many know, than the root differs from a rhizome? And the law of seasonality works also for separate parts of plants too.
Besides, it is necessary to know where it is possible to collect plant material and where - no. Let`s tell, the city dump, a railway embankment, an exclusion zone of the NPP or a roadside of the brisk route will hardly approach. And still it is necessary to represent, how exactly to dry and store collected and also in what look, in what doses and with what frequency rate it is necessary to accept all this.
So rastitelno - medicinal amateur performance on expenses and risks turns out much less favorable, than ready pharmaceutical phytopreparations.
of HP or dietary supplementscan be registered by Fitopreparata`s
as medicines (it is possible to check it in the Register of medicines of Russia) or as dietary supplements to food (it is possible to check in registers of Rospotrebnadzor). And if with the first in the basic everything is clear - unconcernedly follow the instruction for application or doctor`s instructions, then with the second everything is not so obvious.
to Register medicine - it is difficult and expensive, to register dietary supplement - much quicker and incomparably the cheapest way. Many producers use it. However on this way traps a set of reefs which cannot but be reflected in the consumer.
the First stone - the food additive will contain subtherapeutic doses of ingredients. At least because she by definition has no right to exert the expressed impact on health.
the Second stone - as the bioadditive is not medicine, it cannot be advertized by the same rules. Bypassing this ban, unfair sellers quite often mask dietary supplement under medicine, hiding part of information from the consumer and appropriating to property additives which they do not possess.by
the Third stone - not all herbs can be used as the dietary supplements components. This question is regulated by health regulations and norms - the SanPiN 2. 3. 2. 1078 - 01 “Hygienic requirements of safety and nutrition value of foodstuff“. In the appendix 5b to this document the list of plants which can make harmful effects on health of the person at their use for dietary supplement production is given. It means that not to get the hand for the bioadditive containing at least one ingredient from the list near registration.
As occurred: in March additions to acting the SanPiN were accepted, and in July the order of the chief state health officer cancelled several tens certificates on the state registration of dietary supplement.
Medicine is a guarantee that efficiency is studied, side effects are traced, defined indications and contraindications. Dietary supplement is a guarantee that in the party presented for examination there are no toxic, radioactive and other life-threatening materials. Whether the additive will be effective - the question which is left without answer. So especially it is not necessary to choose.
of the Rule of phytosafety
- If you want “to drink a grass“ on own initiative, consult to the doctor. However, among medical specializations “phytotherapist“ meanwhile does not appear, but even the ordinary therapist will far better orient in indications and contraindications of a concrete phytopreparation, than you.
- If phytotreatment is appointed by the doctor, in detail ask him - whether replacements of a preparation what parts of plants and in what look you need to use are possible. The same concerns doses and frequency rate of reception.
- If you appear - to get before the choice the phytopreparation registered as medicine or a vegetable bioadditive better choose the first option. And definitely do not try to save, collecting plants independently.
- In most cases phytotherapy - auxiliary treatment. “Grasses“ - not an occasion to stop the main treatment if only on it there are no direct instructions of your attending physician.