Rus Articles Journal

The newborn and pets of

, How many the pleasure and positive emotions delivers communication with animals, know everything. And here what problems can arise in families where there are small children, parents often forget. Animals are sources of many infections for the person. But they constitute special danger to kids owing to weakness of protective forces of a children`s organism.

Infectious diseases

Animals can be both sources, and carriers of various infections. The most known are helminthoses (the disease caused by worms), that is hit in a human body of different types of worms. There is infection with roundworms more often: ascarids (askaridoz), vlasoglavy {òðèõîöåôàëåç) and pinworms (enterobioz). All these diseases are transmitted fekalno - an oral way, that is at non-compliance with rules of personal hygiene therefore they are called still “diseases of dirty hands“. Larvae of worms, being allocated with excrements of sick animals (and also the infected people), get to the soil and on surrounding objects where can long keep the viability. Therefore even the healthy animal who walks on the street can become a carrier of helminths. Having stroked an animal and not having washed after that a hand, you risk to catch helminthosis.

Infection with worms is shown at the small child by concern, loss of appetite, periodic vomiting, belly-aches, a bad increase of weight. Emergence of rash and periodic temperature increase of a body to 37,2 - 37,8 ° is possible; C. Pinworms lay the eggs in perianalny area (around an anal opening) that leads to an itch in this area. At girls infection with pinworms (enterobioz) can be shown in the form of reddening of a vulva (external polovgkh bodies) and emergence of mucous allocations.

to Parents needs to wash with
hands after communication with animals, not to allow close contact of the child and an animal.

to avoid infection with helminths, it is necessary to carry out treatment and their prevention at pets, especially that which walk on the street (cats, dogs). Parents of small children need to follow rules of personal hygiene: to wash hands after return from the street, after communication with animals, not to allow close contact of the child and an animal.

One more disease which carrier are sick animals (especially kittens) - it a microsporia (deprive) of

. The microsporia is a fungal damage of skin and hair. It is shown in the form of the centers of reddening and a peeling of skin. If the activator got on hairy part of the head, in this place hair break in the beginning, and then drop out. Infection with a microsporia occurs at direct contact with a sick animal. Only the expert therefore all pets have to be examined by the veterinarian can diagnose this disease, and if necessary - are treated. It is necessary to remember that children owing to features of a structure of skin and immaturity of immune system are more susceptible to infectious diseases.

Toxoplasmosis - one more disease which source are cats. Its activator - gonda toxoplasma - concerns to intracellular parasites. Infection of the person occurs usually through the soil, in house conditions - through the toilet objects polluted by excrements of sick cats at non-compliance with rules of personal hygiene. The first symptoms of a disease - rise in temperature, an indisposition, muscle and joints pains. Further rash, increase in lymph nodes, in hard cases - signs of defeat of nervous system join. Prevention of this disease, as well as many others, is rather simple - observance of rules of personal hygiene and timely identification and treatment of sick animals.

the Disease which name is known, probably, to all, - rage. Unfortunately, the virus of rage remains among wild animals, and its flashes are registered regularly in the veseena - a summer season. Infection with rage occurs most often at a sting of the infected animal when his saliva gets to blood, the Disease is characterized by a severe defeat of the central nervous system and comes to an end with death. The unique way of prevention is a timely vaccination of pets, especially that (dogs, cats) at which contact with wild animals (foxes, rodents, wolves) is probable. At a sting not imparted pets to the child need to conduct a course of vaccination against rage. And it is necessary to do it in the fastest terms, directly after a sting!

the number of diseases which causative agents are hlamidiya increased in recent years. These are intracellular parasites from whom distinguish several types, and some of them are transmitted through animals and birds, causing various diseases in the person.


Ornithosis - the disease caused by a psitaka hlamidiya is transmitted to the person from birds (parrots, ducks, pigeons etc.) . Infection occurs vozdushno - a drop way at close contact with the infected birds at whom the disease can proceed without any signs. At hit of a hlamidiya in airways of the person there is cough, temperature increases, pneumonia (pneumonia) which is characterized by a long persistent current develops further. To avoid this disease, it is necessary to examine poultry at the veterinarian as independently to suspect ornithosis at birds rather difficult: it has no bright manifestations.

Felinoz (an illness of cat`s scratches) - the disease caused by hlamidiya at their hit in blood through scratches or stings of cats. In 10 - 30 days after damage of integuments by a cat at the person temperature increase of a body, weakness and an inflammation of the lymph nodes adjacent to the place of scratch or a sting is noted. Prevention of a felinoz - the prevention of injury of skin of the small child by a cat. For this purpose do not leave the kid of one with an animal.

Hamsters, despite the seeming inoffensiveness, can be carriers of causative agents of some infectious diseases, dangerous to the baby. Itch (the disease transmitted by a scabby tick at close contact which main symptom is the itch), helminthoses concern to them, first of all.

the Allergy

One more big problem which the family where there are a baby and animals can face is an allergy at the baby. The allergy (from the Greek allos - “another, with other“ and ergon - “I act“) is a condition of hypersensibility of an organism to various substances. These substances are called allergens. At hit in an organism they start the whole cascade of immunopathological reactions which lead to injury of skin and mucous membranes of airways and zheludochno - an intestinal path. Symptoms of an allergy - emergence of rash on skin, reddening of eyes, dacryagogue, cold, cough, the complicated breath. If allergen got to an organism through a mouth, there can be food allergy (it casual hit in a mouth of wool or a forage of animals can cause). In such cases development of hypostasis of a mucous oral cavity or fluidifying of a chair is possible. It is necessary to observe after what situations deterioration in a state or emergence of symptoms of an allergy is noted. It can be connected, for example, with a diet of the feeding mother or with use of new cosmetics. Always it is necessary to look for regularity between emergence of symptoms of an allergy and contact with allergen. And if such symptoms appeared at your kid after communication with an animal (for example, after stay in one room), then, most likely, it develops allergic reaction. The wool and dandruff of animals, feathers of birds, fungi living on walls of an aquarium, a forage for fishes, animals and many other things can be allergens.

If pets were members of your family even before appearance of the child, then it is necessary to prepare their and your apartment for the birth of the kid.
the Risk of development of an allergy is higher than

if someone from family members has allergic diseases. And displays of an allergy, as well as allergens, can be various. So, the grandmother can have a dacryagogue and cold on blossoming of certain plants, and the grandson has violations of breath at contact with cats. This results from the fact that ability to development of allergic reactions, to the increased synthesis of immunoglobulin E without which increase true allergic reactions do not proceed is genetically transferred. Therefore to families in which family tree allergic diseases (bronchial asthma - short wind, asthma attacks, pollinoz - cold, a medicinal allergy, atopic dermatitis - allergic rashes on skin), especially are traced if they occur at both parents, it is better not to get pets. Otherwise you risk to face a difficult problem of the choice between love to the pets and health of the kid. The first rule in treatment of allergic diseases is the exception (elimination) of the allergen causing allergic reaction. And if an allergy source - a pet, then it is necessary to leave it. And this process very painful and difficult.

Therefore if you expect the kid or he at you was only born, then it is better to postpone acquisition of a pet for some time. Wait until your kid grows up. In - the first, the child is more senior, the easier for him to follow rules of hygiene and, respectively, the risk of infection with infections is lower. In - the second, you will already know features of health of the child and taking into account them choose an animal. For example, if your kid has a food allergy or an allergy to pollen of plants, then it is undesirable to get animals with a plentiful woolen cover.

If pets were members of your family even before appearance of the child, then it is necessary to prepare their and your apartment for the birth of the kid. And further it is necessary to meet a number of conditions that cohabitation of the baby and pets was safe and comfortable for all.

of the Rule which it has to is necessary to observe

to Have or not to have an animal in the house - everyone solves for himself. But you approach acceptance of this crucial decision after careful consideration, taking into account all positive and negative moments.