Rus Articles Journal

Australia: a look from above

Australia - the place paradoxical, full strange things, not similar to anything. Let`s begin with the fact that on one of the most ancient nowadays existing continents of the world one of the youngest its countries is located. Moreover, this only state which occupies the whole continent and “by land“ does not border on one another.

Comparable on the area with Europe, Australia - the least inhabited part of the world, is the share of 1 square kilometer 2,5 persons here. In extensive deserted territories the most ancient live, the mammals who almost did not change for millions of years - marsupials. The wild jungle surrounds coastal areas, and at capes on the southernmost tip of the continent the penguins and seals who are swimming away here from Antarctic …

Generally speaking lap, the paradoxicality of Australia “is set“ by its already location: necessarily it seems to inhabitants of the North that in the Southern hemisphere “all on the contrary“. From here and a nickname of the Green continent - the land down under, “the earth head over heels“. No, of course, people do not go across Australia headfirst, but the set of the things habitual for us look here differently. The Moon disk, for example, is really visible “turned head over heels“. June, July and August officially are called winter, and December, January and February - in the summer. It is no wonder that in such strange place at advance to the North becomes warmer, and on the South - is colder. Povinuyas to Coriolis`s strength (the rejecting force of terrestrial rotation), waters of the rivers wash away the left coast stronger, and whirlwinds and sea currents twist clockwise.

In the heart of the continent, in National park of Ersmaunt - Olga, among a desert plateau the monolith of red sandstone of the Uluru - a shrine of natives and the most unusual sight of Australia towers. Its height makes 348 meters, perimeter - 9 kilometers. Nearby not less well-known massif Olga consisting of 36 stone domes, corroded gorges and valleys
is visible to

the Droughty Australian climate does not interfere with development of agriculture. Modest harvests are with interest compensated by the huge areas of a zasev and their good irrigation through a network of channels

According to geologists, origin of “the Australian phenomenon“ began in the Mesozoic, with the supercontinent Gondwana which part it was together with Africa, South America, India and Antarctica. Gondwana broke up, and Australia, having remained one, began to drift slowly to the North. And the stronger it moved away from the South Pole, the zasushlivy there was its climate. For millions of years of “drought“ the majority of the rivers disappeared from the continent, and winds blew off the whole massif. Today it is the most flat and “shallow“ continent on Earth which more than a half absorbed it is poisonous - the red desert, or as it is called local, outback (“uninhabited“). In the depth of sushi there are few water sources, not numerous “shouts“ - the dried-up beds of the rivers - are filled with moisture only after rare heavy rains.

But, despite heavy in general climate and poor soil, Australia kept surprising variety of a plant and animal life, and the vast majority of types meets only there.

This very urbanized country where more than 80% of the population live in the large cities, at the same time maintains unique balance between the person and the nature. Megalopolises merged together with neighboring Bush (a shrubby zone) and its inhabitants, and locals very much make thrifty use of the surrounding nature, in literal sense including its native. Multi-colored parrots, bats and huge insects flit in the center of Sydney much, and the inscription at an entrance to the Royal botanical garden says: “Please, go on a grass! Smell flowers! Embrace trees and talk to birds!“ Animals reciprocate to people: twenty million people and forty million kangaroos coexist in full harmony …

Australia - the smallest continent. It can be crossed by air in four hours and by car in a week. But, despite the modest sizes, its climatic and landscape variety is as big as everywhere in the world. In the West and in the center there are huge deserts: Big Sandy, Gibson, Victoria, Simpson. Hundreds of kilometers of the deserted spaces lined only by tracks of the run wild camels. Krovavo - red dunes have something in common with the adust steppe, and in the middle the stone which is carelessly thrown from heaven the massif of the Uluru, sacred for indigenous people towers.

In the east the Great Dividing Range separates desert territories from fertile lands of the coast where the main towns of Australia are located. Along ridge the tropical jungle alternated by eucalyptus groves stretches. From the sea, having stretched along east coast on 2 300 kilometers, the Great Barrier Reef - natural object of world value and one of the major biospheric reserves on the planet lies. He is so great that it is noticeable even from space. The South of the continent is occupied by the boundless salt deserts and lakes sparkling crystals generated by the ancient sea. And the unprotected southern coast is cut by waves of the Indian Ocean on pieces in the form of fancy rocks and rocks.

But the most picturesque place of Australia, by universal recognition, - the Northern Territory with its virgin nature: falls and impassable mangra, bogs and 7 - meter crocodiles. Here, in Kakadu National Park, show the most interesting drawings of natives in the country.

Prosperity of Australia entering the twenty of the richest countries of the world depends in many respects on natural resources and minerals. Thanks to money and abundance of the earth Australians live much more freely than Europeans - in the big own houses not always locked for the night. They embody all best achievements of a modern civilization in the cities and buildings, developing at the same time a peculiar architectural style. But people with their cities, cars and houses - the phenomenon in Australia still rare. Two hundred years - term not sufficient to occupy and develop even the smallest continent.