Child active and hyperactive. In what a difference?
the Child live, mobile, active - that in it bad? Moreover, he and smyshlen beyond the years, at least, mastered the computer much quicker and better than the grandmother, knows how to set a difficult toy in motion, to panels of the TV and “video player“ - at all there are no problems. Doctors do not point to an arrest of development. And, nevertheless, you are constantly enraged by its restlessness, bustle, fidgeting, impatience, unintelligible answers.
should not refer any excited child to category of hyperactive. If your child is full of energy if it bursts forth why the kid sometimes becomes stubborn and disobedient, - it does not mean that he is hyperactive. If you were chattered with the girlfriend, and the child begins to be angry, cannot resist on the place, remain sitting at a table, - it is normal. Tire children and long moving.
any child has minutes of anger from time to time. And how many children begin “to clear up“ in a bed when it is time to sleep, or play about in shop! The fact that the child becomes as clockwork, giving vent to boredom, it is not considered a hyperactivity sign at all. Perhaps, it is temporary. Or just like that there was a situation.with
Here also covers the main difference of the child live, active from hyperactive.
the Hyperactive child, irrespective of a situation, in any conditions - houses, on a visit, in an office of the doctor, on the street - will equally behave: to run, to move aimlessly, without lingering for a long time on any most interesting subject. And on it neither infinite requests, nor arrangements, nor bribery will work. It cannot just stop. The self-checking mechanism, unlike his peers, even the most spoiled and live does not work for it. These can be persuaded, to punish, eventually. Hyperactive - it is useless, they should be treated at first.
Manifestation of a syndrome of deficiency of attention decides on a hyperactivity by three main criteria (simptomokompleks). It is a carelessness , a hyperactivity and impulsiveness . The concept “carelessness“ in this case consists of the following signs:Usually the child is not capable to hold
- (to focus) attention on details, from - for what it makes mistakes when performing any tasks (at school, kindergarten).
- the Child is not able to listen attentively to the speech turned to it, from - for what there is an impression that he in general ignores words and remarks of people around.
- the Child is not able to finish the performed work. Often it seems that he thus states the protest because it does not like this work. But business all that the child is simply not able to acquire the rules of work offered it by the instruction and to adhere to them.
- the Child experiences huge difficulties in the course of the organization of own activity (not important - whether to build the house of cubes or to write the school composition).
- the Child avoids tasks which demand long intellectual tension.
- the Child often loses the things, objects necessary at school and at home: in kindergarten can never find the cap, in a class - the handle or the diary though previously mother collected everything and put in one place.
- the Child easily is distracted by foreign incentives. the Child constantly everything forgets
to make to the child the diagnosis “carelessness“, at it has to be present at least six of the listed signs which remain at least six months and are expressed constantly that does not allow the child to adapt in the normal age environment.
the Concept “hyperactivity“ includes the following signs:the Child is fussy
- , never sits quietly. It is often possible to see how it unjustly moves hands, feet, crawls on a chair, constantly turns around. the Child is not able to sit
- long still, jumps without the permission, goes on a class, etc.
- Physical activity of the child, as a rule, has no definite purpose. He just like that runs, turns, clambers, tries to climb somewhere though sometimes it happens far not safely.
- the Child cannot play silent games, have a rest, sit quietly and peaceful, to be engaged in something certain. the Child is always aimed by
- at the movement.
- Often happens talkative.
the Concept “impulsiveness“ includes the following signs:the Child often answers with
- questions, without reflecting, without having listened to the end of them up to the end, sometimes just cries out answers.
- the Child hardly waits for the turn, irrespective of a situation and a situation. the Child usually disturbs
- others, puts in a ward, games, sticks to people around.
about a hyperactivity and impulsiveness only if from the listed above signs there are at least six and they remain not less than six months.
Signs of a syndrome of deficiency of attention with a hyperactivity (SDVG) can be found in children of the earliest age. Literally from the first days of life at the child the muscular tone can be raised. Such children very much try to be exempted from diapers and badly calm down if they are tried to be swaddled hardly or even to put on the pulling together clothes. They can have since the early childhood frequent numerous, unmotivated vomitings. Not the vomiting characteristic in infancy, namely vomitings, when everything that ate, - right there back fountainlet. Such spasms - a sign of frustration of nervous system. (And here it is important not to confuse them with pilorostenozy - a problem of a stomach incapable to eat a lot of food. It pours out too, but already for absolutely other reason. Of course, here already without the aid of the doctor not to manage.)
Hyperactive children for all first year of life badly and sleep a little, especially at night. Hard fill up, are easily excited, loudly cry. They are extremely sensitive to all external irritants: to light, noise, closeness, heat, cold etc. Is slightly more senior, in two - four years, they have a dispraksiya, so-called awkwardness, inability to concentrate on some, even interesting to it, a subject or the phenomenon is more distinctly noticeable: throws toys, cannot quietly listen to the end of the fairy tale, look through an animated cartoon.
But the most noticeable the hyperactivity and problems with attention become by the time of when the child gets to kindergarten, and accept absolutely menacing character at elementary school.
Why in kindergarten? Yes because exactly there the kid for the first time faces real life. He gets into an organized situation, in the collective living by rules, the schedule and from each member of such collective sufficient extent of self-checking is already required. There it is necessary to be able to be engaged in one business, to be able to sit quietly, to be able to listen to the tutor, to be able to answer it and many other things that our poor child not just is not able, he cannot be able it. It is not guilty.
But problems all - begin. And every year they become more and more sharp. Tutors and teachers complain of the incessant concern proceeding from the child. Tired parents notice to all other that he wears out clothes and footwear quicker (“on him everything burns“), interferes with all affairs, whistles, talks without a stop, lifts up brothers and friends and impulsively touches a hand any who passes nearby. And, nevertheless, even doctors can not always answer immediately whether really physical activity of this fidget is higher, than at ordinary children, or it just has other character.by
However it is noticed that three quarters of such children differ in slowness, awkwardness (dispraksiy). They constantly overturn something or overturn and very slowly perform the work demanding dexterity and working capacity. Many are hardly trained in driving the bicycle and painfully badly play outdoor games with a ball. The child`s body as if does not “fit“ into space, touching objects, natykayas on piers, doorways. In spite of the fact that it is frequent at such children a live mimicry, a fluent speech, mobile eyes, they often appear as if out of a situation: stiffen, “are switched off“, “drop out“ of activity and of all situation, that is “leave“ it, and then, after a while, again “come back“ to it.
Scientific John Hopkins`s (USA) University in 1999 was proved that the sizes of frontal lobes of the right hemisphere children with a hyperactivity have less, than at their healthy peers. There are also other changes in the central nervous system which result in asymmetry of signaling and, respectively, promote development of a pathological state. It is very important to remember it to those parents who consider that their child just the idler, and earlier they brought up him insufficiently rigidly.
One of the main features of such children is that they quickly switch attention from one subject to another and with great difficulty can concentrate. Teachers complain that they listen to nothing at lessons. Badly perform homeworks, begin to lag behind in study, despite rather high intelligence.
to It the explanation is: the central nervous system of the hyperactive child badly copes with the new (increased) loadings, both physical, and mental. Many long are distracted by own thoughts and are not able to apprehend even the short story. Especially difficult they are given reading, but usually the same difficulties arise with arithmetics and the letter.That is why such school student feels
, to put it mildly, uncomfortably in collective. Having been included in the category “poor“, he begins to feel negative attitude from teachers and peers that is even more aggravated with inadequate active behavior. The unfortunate child is often abused, laugh at him, “not taken in game“. From - for it unbalance, irascibility, the underestimated self-assessment - characteristic emotions at SDVG - receive additional incentive. Fits of anger and irritations happen quite often and sometimes even out of the blue. Many children become isolated and begin to lead the separate internal life.to
But it happens also absolutely opposite - the hyperactive little person becomes a leader. And then the collective which it heads shakes and many years excite. It is very important to remember that such children are, as a rule, deprived of sensation of fear. They can, without reflecting, to jump out on the road before the rushing car, to jump from any height, to dive into depth, without being able to float, etc. Here special control from adults is necessary especially as usually at children with SDVG reaction to painful incentives is reduced, and the majority of them quietly perceive blows, cuts and even quite serious injuries. Often children with SDVG have twitchings and tics. The tic represents the sudden, abrupt, repeating movement covering various muscular groups. Reminds the normal coordinate movement, varies on intensity and differs in lack of rhythm. Can temporarily be suppressed with effort of will and thanks to uniformity of drawing it is rather easily imitated.
the Distinctive feature of tics - their insuperable character. Any attempt to suppress by effort of will inevitably leads emergence of a tic to increase of tension and alarm, and violent commission of desirable motive reaction always gives instant relief.
Many children with a syndrome of deficiency of attention with a hyperactivity complain of the frequent headaches (aching, pressing, squeezing), drowsiness, increased fatigue. At some enuresis (an urine incontience), and not only at night, but also is observed in the afternoon.Most brightly symptoms of a disease begin to be shown by
in kindergarten, approximately at five-year age, and last somewhere till 12 years. Second “splash“ in symptoms is referred to 14 years that coincides with the puberty period.Hormonal “boom“ is reflected by
in features of behavior and the relation to study. The difficult teenager (namely most of children with a syndrome of deficiency of attention with a hyperactivity belongs to this category) can decide also on parting with school.three SDVG forms allocate to
On the international classification :the hyperactivity is combined by
- In the first form with violations of attention; on prevalence it is the most frequent form of a disease.
- In the second form - violations of attention prevail.
- In the third form - the hyperactivity prevails.
the Last form meets less often than others. In most cases, if the child has only a hyperactivity, it can be connected with his specific features, in particular, with temperament therefore it is not always possible to speak about pathology.we Will notice
that not always and inattentive children are among sick SDVG. Americans, for example, accurately distinguish conditions of a hyperactivity and the inability to concentrate attention (ICA). The last can quite be shown in itself by inability to finish the begun business, fast switching of interests etc. By the way, enough often we observe such manifestations also at adults. In medicine it is called “the residual phenomenon of inability to concentrate attention“. And though the nature of these two syndromes is almost identical - the minimum dysfunction of a brain, it is possible to treat children by more sparing methods.
statistically, the syndrome of violation of attention with a hyperactivity mostly occurs at fair-haired and blue-eyed children and is almost five times more often at boys, than at girls. Why? So, probably, the nature took care, having created the girl of more hardy even in mother`s womb. It is not so susceptible to any harmful (pathogenic) effects, unsuccessful childbirth also is less reflected in it. Besides, the brain at a fine half of mankind considerably differs from a brain of a strong half. Big cerebral hemispheres at the girl are less specialized therefore they compensate any defeats of the central nervous system better. “Perpetual motion machine“ occurs among girls less often. As a rule, the disease at them is shown in the form of violation of attention therefore they study worse, grieve more often and hardly contact in collective.